What Is Newborn Jaundice
Newborn jaundice refers to the yellowish discoloration of the skin and eyes. Jaundice is also called hyperbilirubinemia because it occurs when a yellow substance called bilirubin is elevated in the blood. Bilirubin is formed when red blood cells are broken down in the body, which normally occurs when old RBCs are replaced by new ones.
You can check the development of jaundice in your baby by gently pressing on their forehead to lightly blanch the skin. If the skin that was pressed appears yellow, it may indicate jaundice. Since it may be difficult to detect jaundice in babies with a darker complexion, always examine your baby in natural light. You can also look for jaundice under the babys tongue or on the white of their eyes.
Why You May Not Hear Fetal Heartbeat In An Early Ultrasound
You may not be able to hear the heartbeat if the scan is too early in your pregnancy. In such a case, your doctor will reschedule another scan in one to two weeks. Some other reasons could be:
- The method your sonographer uses to listen to the heartbeat. Transvaginal ultrasound gets better results compared to transabdominal scan or hand-held dopplers
- Inaccurate dates, when you are not sure about the last menstrual date or had irregular ovulation
- Highly active baby that keeps moving around the womb, blocking the view
- Fetal position in the womb
- Gestational age
If there are no issues, you will be able to hear it clearly. However, the heart rate of the baby is not usually steady and may change as the pregnancy progresses.
What Causes Baby Acne
Believe it or not, as with adolescent acne, hormones are believed to be mainly to blame. In the case of newborns, however, its not their own hormones that are probably prompting the pimple problems, but Mom’s which are still circulating in baby’s bloodstream as a holdover from pregnancy. These maternal hormones stimulate baby’s sluggish oil-producing glands, causing pimples to pop up on the chin, forehead, eyelids and cheeks, and, sometimes, the head, neck, back and upper chest.
What’s more, the pores in a baby’s skin are not yet fully developed, making them easy targets for infiltration by dirt and the blossoming of blemishes. And babies typically have very sensitive skin some more than others which can also be a factor.
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Cracked And Sore Nipples
Breast milk can also benefit you, mama! If you have cracked and sore nipples, try rubbing a few drops of breast milk into the affected area to help soften and ease the problem. However, make sure to see your doctor first if your nipple pain is caused by yeast or thrush, breast milk might make it worse since it has natural sugars. Make sure to eliminate these possibilities first.
Acne Is More Worrisome After 6 Weeks Of Age
When acne develops after 6 weeks of age, its called infantile acne. This type of acne is likely to begin between 3 and 6 months of age.
If your baby develops acne after 6 weeks of age, youll want to see a board-certified dermatologist or pediatric dermatologist. This can be helpful for several reasons. You can:
Make sure its acne.Its less common for acne to begin in a baby after 6 weeks of age, so you want to make sure your child really has acne. Other skin conditions can look like acne. Your child could have a skin infection or eczema.
Rule out something going on inside your childs body.When acne begins after 6 weeks of age, it can be a sign of a health problem. A skin exam and sometimes a blood test or x-ray is needed to rule this out.
Find out if a skin care product is causing the acne.Some babies get acne from an ointment or oil thats found in products used on their skin.
Prevent permanent acne scars.While newborn acne rarely causes a scar, infantile acne can cause permanent acne scars. A dermatologist can help prevent scarring.
While a dermatologist should examine a child who develops acne after 6 weeks of age, this type of acne often clears on its own. Clearing usually takes about 6 months to 1 year. Some children, however, have acne for a longer time. Its possible for acne to continue through the teen years.
Baby skin care
Never apply acne treatment to your baby’s skin unless a dermatologist recommends it.
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What Does Ringworm Look Like
An inflamed, itchy and/or scaly circle of skin that spreads outwards, leaving paler skin in the centre.
Where on my child’s body? “It can occur anywhere on the body or scalp,” Dr Philippa says. “When its on the scalp, the rash doesnt tend to be so round you may notice it under a bald spot on your toddlers head.”
At what age? Generally between the ages of 2 and 10.
How common is it? Pretty common.
Cystic Acne During Your Period: What It Is And How You Can Fight It
Cystic acne is a severe form of acne affecting the face, chest, and back. It is characterized by multiple inflamed lumps beneath the skin nodules, cysts, and frequently, scars.
Acne is most common during the adolescent and teen years. However, acne can continue into adulthood and can be severe. According to recent studies, premenstrual acne in adults can be seen in 44 percent of women.
Cystic acne can occur as a result of the menstrual cycle as well as during other life events, such as pregnancy and perimenopause, because of hormonal changes.
Treatment can be challenging and may require a combination of medicines. Topical treatment is usually ineffective.
People with cystic acne often need additional treatments such as:
- Oral antibiotics
- Systemic steroids
- Hormonal therapy
One recommended treatment for cystic acne is an oral form of vitamin A. Make sure to speak to a health care provider before beginning to take any kind of supplements. The vitamin A treatment is required for at least five months, and further courses are sometimes necessary.
Others experience cystic acne because of genetics, or they may be acne prone. For these people, a more aggressive approach may be necessary with an oral form of vitamin A called isotretinoin. This is considered to be the best form of treatment for resistant cystic acne.
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Does Getting Acne During Pregnancy Mean Youll Have A Boy Or A Girl
Theres an old wives tale about pregnancy acne and what it means for the sex of your baby. According to the tale, if you have pregnancy acne, youre more likely to be pregnant with a baby girl. This is because the baby girls hormones combined with your own are more likely to cause acne during pregnancy.
But there seems to be little truth to this tale. Your hormones not the babys decide what types of pregnancy symptoms you may experience, including acne.
What Does A Scarlet Fever Rash Look Like
“Raised pinhead spots that spread fast,” says Dr Philippa. “On white skin, it looks pink or red on black skin, less so but, in all skin types, as the rash fades after 2 to 3 days the skin feel rough and sandpapery. The cheeks can be flushed but the area around the mouth is not usually affected.”
Where on my child’s body? The neck, tummy, chest and back but not, usually, around the mouth.
At what age? It’s most common in children aged between 5 years and 15 years.
How common is it? “It is relatively common, though less usual in children under 3 years,” says Dr Philippa.
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Common Causes Of Adult Acne
The first step in taking control of adult acne is understanding why youre suddenly breaking out. Acne develops when your skins pores, which contain both a hair follicle and a sebum gland, become clogged with oil, dead skin cells or bacteria. And there are many ways pores can get blocked on your face, neck, chest or body.
Overzealous mid-life skincare can contribute to acne, says Cohen. Older skin may require more intensive serums, lotions and creams, but its possible to go too far with a new-found anti-aging regimen. Sometimes women start to experiment with wrinkle creams, which can be quite rich and block pores, causing acne, he says. Add to that over-washing and exfoliating more than three times a week with products that are too harsh and youre likely to be prompting your skin to produce an excess of oil, which can lead to unwanted breakouts.
Certain foods, like pizza and chocolate, are sometimes blamed for causing pimples, but there isnt any conclusive proof that specific dietary choices make a big difference. That said, some peoples sensitive digestive systems can react to the inflammatory effects of an overall high-carbohydrate or high-sugar diet, says Cohen. Consider avoiding high-glycemic foods and dairy, because dairy does seem to make some women break out, he says.
Nothing Really Works Overnight
You know what I’m talking about, right? Some teenagers, or even celebrities, talking on TV about how such-and-such product started clearing their skin “from the moment I put it on” or how their“breakouts cleared up overnight.” It’s so tempting.
Those acne products may actually be effective and clear up your skin, but none work overnight. Nothing can clear acne that fast, no matter what the ads say.
For an effective OTC treatment, look for one that has benzoyl peroxide. These can be the products from TV, or acne treatments you find at the store. You can even build your own DIY acne treatment kit that works just as well and costs loads less.
Whichever products you’re using, you will have to wait at least eight to 10 weeks before you start noticing a difference in your skin.
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What Does Nappy Rash Look Like
Sore, angry patches or spots that may look shiny and glazed. They can sometimes look pimply, too.
Where on my child’s body? On or around your babys bottom and genitals.
At what age? Any child who wears nappies can get it.
How common is it? Mild nappy rash is extremely common. A severe rash is rare.
How Can You Treat It Safely
If youre not breastfeeding, you only really have to worry about what your skin can handle. A dermatologist can help you figure out whats going on and guide you through your treatment optionsespecially if this is a new issue for you or your acne is more severe or different from what you dealt with before pregnancy. But you have a little more room to experiment.
But because there are concerns about some acne products getting into your breast milk and putting your baby at risk, they arent recommended if youre nursing. However, its important to recognize that many of these treatments havent been studied extensively in breastfeeding people, so the recommendations you may get are based on a careful weighing of what we know, what we dont know, and the severity of the symptoms youre dealing with. Thats why its always a good idea to speak with your dermatologist, doctor, or pediatrician whos familiar with your individual circumstances before trying a new acne product.
For example, retinoids such as tretinoin and isotretinoin are a no-no during pregnancy because they have been linked to birth defects. However, tretinoin is considered a low risk to the nursing infant with a topical application, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. But because so little is known about the use of these medications while breastfeeding, your dermatologist will likely suggest milder options first.
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Baby Acne: Causes And Treatments
Tiny red bumps. Pimples. Your newborns perfect complexion seems to have turned into the skin belonging to a hormonal, pubescent teenager.
Newborn acne is common, but why does it effect some babies and not others? In reality, science does not know the actual cause of baby acne. There is one common theory that seems to make everyone happy and is pretty well backed up, so it is the general cause that most people spit out when referring to this common stage of infancy: hormones.
Do I Need To See A Doctor About Baby Acne
Usually, you wont need to see a doctor about baby acne. However, you may want to see a doctor if baby’s acne lasts for several months. Your doctor may prescribe a treatment to help clear babys acne.
The American Academy of Dermatology also recommends seeing a doctor if baby acne begins when baby is over 6 weeks old. This is much less common than neonatal acne. It may be a sign of another health problem, or a sign that a product youre using is irritating the skin on babys face. Or, what is thought to be acne at this stage might not be acne at all.
If it is acne, though, and develops after six weeks of age, its known as infantile acne . Infantile acne usually appears between 3 and 6 months of age. Unlike neonatal acne, it can sometimes cause blackheads, and could potentially cause a scar. But fortunately, this type of acne often clears up on its own as well .
You should also see a doctor if your babys acne seems infected. Excessive swelling, excessive redness, discharge, and fever may be signs of infection.
And of course, if you suspect that babys facial rash is caused by eczema or an allergy , be sure to let your doctor know.
All health-related content on this website is for informational purposes only and does not create a doctor-patient relationship. Always seek the advice of your own pediatrician in connection with any questions regarding your babys health.
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What Helps Baby Acne
Baby acne typically resolves itself without any specific home-care or professional medical care. However, you can gently cleanse and pat-dry the area two or three times a day. Do not use acne medicine, soap, lotion or any other chemicals. Also, just as is the case with adult acne, no squeezing or picking!
Can I be sure its baby acne? Or is it something else?
Of course, not all raised or pimply-looking skin conditions are baby acne. Infants may develop similar signs of irritation as a result of milia, heat rash, diaper rash, infant eczema or cradle cap. If youre concerned that skin irritation could be something more than baby acne, talk to your Nashville pediatrician at St. Thomas Medical Group.
Whats the difference between milia and baby acne?
Milia are similar to baby acne, but completely unrelated. These bumps are typically present at birth, while baby acne typically develops several weeks later. These white bumps occur when small flakes of skin become trapped in pockets just beneath the surface of the skin. Nearly half of all babies have milia on the upper cheeks, chin or nose. These little bumps are neither painful nor contagious and will resolve on their own in just a couple of weeks. No special washing, scrubbing or treatment is necessary.
Baby acne is usually more upsetting to new parents than to the baby. Both of these conditions just require a little time and patience! In a few weeks your baby will develop a smooth, clear complexion!
What Are The Symptoms Of Newborn Jaundice
The first sign of jaundice is a yellowing of a babys skin and eyes. The yellowing may begin within 2 to 4 days after birth and may start in the face before spreading down across the body.
Bilirubin levels typically peak between 3 to 7 days after birth.
If a finger lightly pressed on a babys skin causes that area of skin to become yellow, its likely a sign of jaundice.
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Periods And Vaginal Discharge
During this point in your adolescence, the follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones are having a regular effect on your ovaries. You are able to ovulate . If there is no sperm to fertilize the egg, you get your period .
Getting your first period can be tough if you dont know what to expect. An adult you trust can answer any question you might have on what to do before and after your first period. On average, the length of time from the start of breast development to menstruation is typically 2.5 years.
What Does A Chickenpox Rash Look Like
Crops of spots, which then turn into small fluid-filled, itchy blisters. “Over a few days, the blisters crust over, forming little scabs,” says Dr Philippa.
Where on my child’s body? Anywhere, including on the scalp. They may appear in clusters or spread all over.
At what age? Any age, including babies.
How common? Extremely common.
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Use Your Treatments Correctly
Do you know the most common reason why acne treatments don’t work? It’s not because they aren’t effective, it’s that they arent being used correctly.
Make sure you’re using your treatments correctly: don’t spot treat, don’t over-apply, and don’t jump around between treatments. Stick with something long enough to see results, and use it consistently.
Read all the directions on your medications, and ask your healthcare provider if you have any questions.
What Does Hand Foot And Mouth Look Like
“A rash on the palms of hands and soles of feet which can then turn into small blisters,” says Dr Philippa. “Ulcers or white lesions also appear in the mouth.”
Where on my child’s body? On the hands and feet, with ulcers appearing in the mouth.
At what age? 2 to 10 years old.
How common is it? Fairly common.
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