What Is The Treatment For Acne
The treatment of acne is aimed at attacking one or more of the underlying pathogenic factors contributing to its development. Some of the most common and effective treatments are topical therapies. These include retinoid , benzyl peroxide, topical antibiotics, azelaic or salicylic acid, or combinations thereof. Topical retinoids are particularly effective for comedonal acne. Common side effects of these medications are dryness and irritation of the skin, which can be improved by changing the dosing, or formulation of the topical medication or even adding an oil-free moisturizer to the skin care regimen. For more inflamed or severe acne, systemic medications like antibiotics may be helpful. These both act through anti-inflammatory as well as antibiotic effects. Certain oral contraceptives or other hormonal therapies may be used in women whose acne tends to flare according to their menstrual cycle. Lastly, isotretinoin is an effective systemic retinoid medication that is used for severe nodulocystic or recalcitrant acne. Other available treatments include extraction, injection of steroids into inflamed lesions, photodynamic therapy, or chemical peels. There are also many options for the management of scarring or dark spots resulting from resolved acne lesions.
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What Does Acne Do To Your Skin
Acne is the result of your pores becoming clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria, creating a perfect environment for pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads. They usually show up on your face, neck, chest, upper back, and shoulders.
Acne is often caused by hormonal changes, stress, and certain medications. Other factors, like family history, greasy or oily lotions and creams, and diets high in carbohydrates can increase your risk of acne, but contrary to popular belief, it isnt caused by greasy foods or chocolate.
With bad enough acne, you can find yourself dealing with complications like acne scars or changes in skin color .
Do You Know What Type Of Acne You Have
When it comes to treating acne, theres no one-size-fits-all solution. Products that help clear up one persons complexion may not have the same effect on your skin and vice versa. One reason for this phenomenon is that there are different types of acne, all of which need to be addressed in specific ways. The first step to reducing acne is identifying what type of acne you actually have. To find out if youre experiencing blackheads and cysts or whiteheads and pustules, read our guide to identifying different types of acne below.
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It Sounds Like You Have Papules
Papules are small, hard, red bumps that form on the skins surface. They develop when a pore becomes clogged with excess oil or dead skin cells then mixes with bacteria on the skin.
The contents of the pore can spill out, spreading bacteria to the surrounding tissue to create an inflamed lesion with no visible pus.
Inflammatory acne lesions like papules can be treated with over-the-counter remedies like benzoyl peroxide or salicylic to kill bacteria and reduce inflammation.
Consider a routine that includes cleansing, exfoliation, and moisturization to manage breakouts.
Treating Hypertrophic Scars And Keloids
There are many different options for treating hypertrophic and keloid scars. The best treatment for you will depend on your personal situation, but can include steroid creams, silicone gels, cryotherapy , tapes, pulsed dye laser treatments, or injections to help shrink and flatten the scar.
Care must be taken while treating these scars to avoid aggravating the skin, which can lead to a worsening of the keloid.
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How Acne Differs By Skin Type
Skin type can have a large influence over what type of acne you have. For instance, people with oily skin tend to have more pimples, while those with dry skin usually have more blackheads and whiteheads. But the differences dont stop there. Skin type and skin color both play important roles in acne formation.
Diagnosing Acne: What Kind Of Acne Do I Have
All acne is not the same. There are many specific types of acne, each type having its own characteristics and treatment options. Knowing which type of acne you suffer from is the first step to successful treatment and minimization of symptoms.
Acne is generally categorized into two distinct groups, inflammatory acne and non-inflammatory acne:
- Inflammatory acne manifests as red and painful papules, pustules, cysts, and nodules. This type of acne develops after clogged pores become infected with bacteria. The pain and inflammation is the result of the bodys natural production of white blood cells in order to fight this bacterial infection. Inflammatory acne can last for weeks to months and can leave sufferers with permanent scarring.
- Non-inflammatory acne includes less severe comedones and seborrhea . Unlike inflammatory acne, this type of acne is not painful and is often short-lived. Breakouts are cyclical with comedones appearing and diminishing within a couple of days.
Dermatologists use the prevalence and degree of inflammatory acne to categorize the severity of a patients acne and determine the proper treatment. Acne is ranked as mild, moderate, and severe.
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Where Do Your Blemishes Usually Appear
The T-zone includes the forehead, nose, and chin – it is the part of your face that contains the most sebaceous glands.
Facial blemishes typically appear on the forehead, cheeks, nose, and along the jawline.
Acne that appears below the jawline is known as body acne and is most likely to develop on the neck, chest, shoulders, and back.
How Do Clinical Features Vary In Differing Types Of Skin
All characteristic lesions of acne vulgaris can occur in skin of colour, but it usually presents with less discernible redness and more postinflammatoryhyperpigmentation which persists long after the acne lesion has gone. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is often the major reason for seeking medical attention, causing significant psychological effects.
Pomade acne occurs more commonly in people with skin of colour due to cultural practices with hair styling products in African American and Hispanic populations. The use of greasy hair products leads to follicular plugging and comedones along the hairline.
Keloid scarring is more common in skin of colour following acne lesions, particularly along the jawline, chest, and upper back.
Acne in skin of colour
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Can Acne Be Prevented
Preventing acne is difficult if not impossible during normal hormonal changes. But some things can help:
- Wash your face daily with warm water and a mild facial cleanser.
- Routinely use moisturizer.
- You dont have to stop using makeup, but try to use non-comedogenic products and remove makeup at the end of each day.
- Keep your hands away from your face.
Which Type Of Acne Do You Have
Acne is a very common skin condition. It affects 50 million people in the United States each year and 85% of people between ages 12 and 24. Adult acne, which affects people in their 30s and 40s, is getting more common with up to 15% of adult women dealing with acne they hoped to have left behind years ago.
This condition can present itself in different ways, and the methods of treatment can change depending on what kind of acne you have. Even worse, acne can leave lasting scars on your skin if it gets bad enough.
If youre looking for reliable acne treatment, you can trust Peach Skin & Laser in Yuma and Tucson, Arizona, for effective, professional techniques to keep your skin looking its best.
Lets look at the damage acne does to skin, plus the types of acne and the best ways to treat them.
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How To Determine The Type Of Acne You’re Suffering From
Understanding your blemishes is the first step towards banishing them.
All acne is not created equal, but we can all agree that it’s a bad experience in any form: It pops up at the worst possible time and leaves a mess when it’s gone. There are so many factors that can cause and worsen acnehormones, diet, stress, and environmental damages, to name a few. It gets even more confusing when you factor in all of the different acne types, which are often indicators of those aforementioned factors and changes. Matching them up can feel impossiblebut it doesn’t have to. Here, industry experts explain the forms of blemishes, including the reasons behind them. Armed with this knowledge, you’ll be able to forge the best possible treatment plan for your own skin.
Different Kinds Of Acne And How Can You Prevent Them
Acne leaves blemishes on our faces, blots our self-confidence and ruins a good photo opportunity. Everyone hates those stubborn pimples which are often annoying, painful and can leave physical and emotional scars. In the United States alone, eight out of ten people will experience some form of acne between the ages of eleven to thirty.
In the summertime, especially, our skin becomes more exposed to dirt, free radicals and humidity from spending more time outdoors which increases our chances of buildup, and thus, acne on our skin.
We sat down with Ashley Wu, a board-certified Nurse Practitioner at The Dermatology Specialists, to get the inside scoop on the different kinds of acne, how you can help prevent it from happening in the first place, and how to heal frustrating acne scars.
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Make Sure It’s Really Acne
Before treating breakouts around the nose and mouth, rule out perioral dermatitis and rosacea, two skin conditions that often mask as acne. “Perioral dermatitis tends to be around the mouth area, and rosacea tends to be on the cheeks closest to the nose,” explains Dr. Carl Thornfeldt, a dermatologist and the founder of Epionce. Rosacea can even occur as a reaction to the environment or an over reaction to environmental triggers, like spicy foods and alcohol. “This leads to flushing and development of red bumps and pus pimples,” explains Dr. Zeichner.
What It Means If Your Acne Itches
If your acne itches, theres a good chance it isnt normal acne vulgaris. Itchy acne can be a number of things, but the three most common are acne rosacea, dry skin, and fungal acne.
Acne rosacea is commonly shortened to just rosacea, which is a good thing because it is a very different condition from acne vulgaris. Rosacea can sometimes look like acne because it can present with lots of small bumps, but it is often much redder than acne, and may look somewhat like a rash. Unlike acne vulgaris, dermatologists arent completely sure what causes rosacea, but they do know some of the related factors: h. pylori bacteria, family history of rosacea, and abnormalities in facial blood vessels.
Dry skin is another reason your acne might itch. As we discussed before in our section on treating dry acne prone skin, dry skin lacks a strong epidermal barrier, which means it is very easily irritated. Irritation typically results in inflammation, which can also cause itchiness. If your acne is caused by this dry skin and irritation, it might seem like the acne itself is itchy, when really its just a side effect of the dry skin.
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What Are Some Everyday Tips To Prevent Acne
First and foremost, wash and cleanse your skin twice each day, especially because dirt and bacteria build up throughout the day and while we sleep. You can help prevent whiteheads through simple exfoliation and washing, but its important to avoid harsh scrubbing as it irritates the skin further.
Here are some other tips to keep your skin clear:
- Exfoliate, but only do so three times a week at most
- Dont pick at pimples or rub your face
- Avoid rough scrubs
What You Can Do Now
Its important to be patient with your acne treatment. While some treatments may work immediately, you may not see widespread improvement for several months You should also use caution in using too many acne products at once this can cause dry skin. In response, your pores can create more sebum, then leading to more acne issues.
You should also confirm whether any bumps or swelling are actually the result of acne. There are several skin conditions that cause symptoms similar to those with acne, though they are something entirely different. These include:
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The Best Way To Fight Acne In 2022
The product is formulated with the highest quality ingredients, which means that you will notice a significant improvement in your skin’s appearance after just the first month…
Image Source: POPSUGAR Photography / Matthew Kelly
The first step to treating acne is determining exactly what type of acne it is. This can be difficult, of course, since there are many different variations like whiteheads, blackheads, cysts, pustules, nodules, and papules and each requires its own course of treatment. What makes it harder is that, if you walk down the aisle of any drugstore or beauty retailer, youre inundated with products that promise to treat breakouts and keep zits under control. How do you know where to begin?
For starters, every skin-care routine needs a basic cleanser, treatment, and moisturizer, but those with acneic skin should stack their regimen with products formulated with breakout-fighting ingredients. The tricky thing is, not all acne ingredients are created equal, and some work better on certain types of acne than others. So, in order to purchase the right treatment for your specific type of acne, you need to know what youre dealing with.
A trip to your dermatologist is always the best way to assess any skin-care situation youre experiencing, but if you want to do a bit of research on your own as a preliminary first step, take the quiz ahead to help you determine what type of acne you have.
Image Source: POPSUGAR Photography / Matthew Kelly
The Mystery Of Milia Acne
You may have heard of milia acne, but do you know how to spot it? Milia are very small, white, slightly raised dots that appear on the skin. They arent inflamed and the white spot isnt pus, so they arent pimples, but thenwhat are they?
It sounds mysterious and different, but really, milia acne is just whiteheads. Some acne variations are completely different conditions, but others are just different names for the same problems. Milia form like blackheads, with oil and dead skin cells getting trapped in a pore, except with blackheads, the pore doesnt close all the way, leaving it open for the air to oxidize the oil and turn it a dark color. With whiteheads, the pore constricts so tight that it closes up completely, trapping the oil and dead skin cells under the skins surface. Because the air cant get to the oil to oxidize it, milia stay white, unlike blackheads.
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If You Answeredmostly Cs
You Have Cystic Acne
Cysts are painful, inflamed, pus-filled lumps deep beneath the skin. These can be difficult to treat and require a product with a high concentration of acne-fighting ingredients. The La-Roche Posay Effaclar Duo Acne Spot Treatment contains 5.5% benzoyl peroxide as well as salicylic acid for a two-pronged approach at targeting your acne.
What Is Candida Acne
Candida is a yeast that causes most fungal infections in humans, and some claim that it can also cause candida acne. Although it would make sense for Candida to cause some type of fungal acne, studies show that Candida and acne arent linked, and that Candida acne does not exist.
Many people think they have Candida acne because their treatments for normal acne arent working, so they think it must be fungal. Sometimes this is trueit just isnt the Candida yeast causing the fungal acne, its malassezia. Even though fungal acne in general is a very real condition, its not the only answer if your acne treatment isnt working. Most of the time, if an acne treatment isnt working, its either too strong or too weak, or you arent using it consistently.
It makes sense that a weak treatment wouldnt work, but it might seem counterintuitive that a strong treatment can be just as ineffective. When you have acne, its tempting to use the strongest products you can find in an attempt to get rid of as much acne as possible as quickly as possible, but that just isnt how our skin works. The skin is very delicate, and using harsh acne products will only irritate it and trigger the inflammation response, which will then go on to cause more acne. Harsh acne products often give you relatively clear skin within the first week or two, but then within a month or so, the acne comes back.
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What Type Of Acne Do I Have
How many bumps do you have on your skin?
Almost the entire surface of the skin is covered with bumps
Do you have any nodules on your skin?
Do you have acne scars?
What amount of papules do you have on your skin?
Present in large numbers
Are there areas on the skin with altered color at the places, where there were blackheads?
There are, but not much
Yes, all over the affected surface
Do blackheads differ from the skin by color?
They are noticeably darker
They have flesh or whitish color
They are reddish
What do the blackheads on your skin look like?
Choose which of these descriptions is more suitable for your type of acne:
Dark specks and spots
Crumbly red nodes with a white center
White slightly noticeable dots
Does acne make you feel uncomfortable?
Yes, physically and emotionally
Black specks are the small black or dark spots that look like slight bumps on the skin. The skin around the blackheads looks normal, while the center is darker than the surrounding area. Many rinses, moisturizers, gels, and creams containing a mixture of active substances eliminate such acne quite effectively. Pharmacy drugs such as salicylic acid, resorcinol, benzoyl peroxide are also useful. Also it is necessary to reduce stress, eat balanced food, lead a healthy lifestyle and give up bad habits.