How To Get Rid Of Pitted Acne Scars
Getting rid of pitted acne scars is one of the biggest challenges in dermatology. Unlike superficial scarring and skin discoloration, atrophic acne scars are usually permanent if left untreated. Fortunately, there is hope for those people looking to reduce the appearance of severe scarring. Read on for more information about what options you have in dealing with this type of acne aftereffects.
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Take A Fish Oil Supplement
Omega-3 fatty acids are healthy fats that offer a multitude of health benefits.
You must get these fats from your diet, but research shows that most people who eat a standard Western diet dont get enough of them .
Fish oils contain two main types of omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid .
High levels of EPA and DHA have been shown to decrease inflammatory factors, which may reduce the risk of acne .
In one study, 45 individuals with acne were given omega-3 fatty acid supplements containing both EPA and DHA daily. After 10 weeks, their acne decreased significantly .
Theres no specific recommended daily intake of omega-3 fatty acids. The 20152020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that healthy adults consume around 250 mg of combined EPA and DHA each day .
You can also get omega-3 fatty acids by eating salmon, sardines, anchovies, walnuts, chia seeds, and ground flax seeds.
Fish oils contain two main types of omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA. Taking a fish oil supplement may help decrease acne.
While these results indicate that exfoliation may improve skin health and appearance, more research is needed on acne.
There are a wide variety of exfoliation products available, but you can also make a scrub at home using sugar or salt.
If you choose to try mechanical exfoliation, be sure to gently rub your skin to avoid damaging it.
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Cryosurgery For Acne Scars
This treatment involves freezing your pimple scar tissue. The extreme cold causes the tissue to die and fall off. Cryosurgery may be supplemented with steroid injections to improve treatment results.
Cryosurgery is riskier for people with darker skin. The treatment will often lighten the skin tone of the treated area.
Paula’s Choice Skin Perfecting 8% Aha Gel
Paula’s Choice 8% AHA gel is well known in the skincare industry – and for good reason. It is an ideal exfoliant for those dealing with hyperpigmentation or skin texture concerns.
- How it use: This leave-on exfoliant will not treat scars but will work to keep acne from forming in the first place. Apply at night after cleansing your skin, and before moisturizing. Leave on, do NOT wash off.
- How AHA helps pitted acne scars: AHAs help pitted acne scars by exfoliating away dead skin cells and helping improve celluar turnover. In addition to helping acne scars, they also help prevent existing acne .
- What you can expect: The concentrated eight percent AHA formula uses glycolic acid to slough away dead layers of skin. Additional benefits include the minimization of fine lines and wrinkles and a brighter complexion.
- Ideal for: Those who do not have any existing acne or breakouts
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How To Get Rid Of Post
When it comes to brightening dark hyperpigmentation, vitamin C should be a key weapon in your skincare arsenal. “I absolutely love it for many reasons. Its benefits are endless, including revitalising and brightening the skin while stimulating your bodys natural production of collagen,” says Dr Gross. “Not only does it help to lighten and break up pigmentation you might already have, but it also prevents dark spots or sun spots from forming in the future.
Encapsulated pods ensure Beauty Pie’s vitamin C serum stays potent until it hits your skin.
What Are Acne Scars
A generalised term, acne scarring can be used to refer to a multitude of different marks that a breakout may leave behind. “Acne scars come in different forms, including rolling, boxcar and ice-pick scars,” explains Pamela Marshall, clinical aesthetician and founder of Mortar & Milk.
While most types of scarring can be treated via various methods, there is one subset that requires specialist treatment, as aesthetician and founder of West Room Aesthetics Dija Ayodele explains. “Be wary that keloid scarring, which darker skin can be prone to, can make you contraindicated to treatment that works on the basis of inducing a mild trauma to the skin, such as chemical peels and microneedling. If youve got this type of scarring, it’s best to see a doctor or dermatologist that can provide steroid shots or advise on removing with surgery.”
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How To Choose The Best Creams For Acne Scars
In your battle against these acne scars, you may find over-the-counter products are sufficient enough, especially if your PIH is only subtle. However, for darker marks or ones that youve had for a while that dont seem to be fading, you may require a stronger prescription treatment. Your doctor or dermatologist should have a plethora of products thatll do the trick if you cant get rid of them with shop-bought solutions.
Another important thing to remember is if you get rid of your acne successfully, youll also stop your skin developing HIP. This in itself is an important step in treating your hyperpigmentation and is another step your doctor or dermatologist may be able to help with.
But whatever treatment you choose, remember, it will take time for your skin to improve.
Alpha Hydroxy Acids
A common type of AHA is glycolic acid, and alpha hydroxy acids are a great starting point when trying to treat acne scars. They help speed up the natural exfoliation process of your skin, which can improve how your PIH looks.
Youll often find these ingredients in the skin brightening treatments you get over the counter. Leave-on treatments like gels, creams, and lotions are often more successful than wash-off solutions .
Other ingredients that are available in OTC treatments include vitamins A and C, niacinamide, glucosamine, and N-acetyl all of which can prove helpful in treating your hyperpigmentation.
Acne Scar Treatment No: Skincare With Niacinamide
Niacinamide is the magical treatment can tackle everything from wrinkles, acne, rosacea and pigmentation so its definitely one to look for on an ingredients list. Its a form of vitamin B3 and although its been popular with dermatologists for decades, its only just hit the mainstream when it comes to skincare you can buy.
It not only tackles the spots themselves but also the scarring that comes with it without irritating skin.
However, it’s important to be realistic with exactly how much it can do to change the skin texture. ‘Niacinamide can help with evening out pigmentation and reducing redness and inflammation. It typically won’t create major changes for indentations and deeper textural changes in the skin’, explains Dr Elbuluk.
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Why Do Acne Scars Happen
Scarring occurs as a result of injury to the skin and excess oil production, bacteria, and inflammation.
Zeichner explains, Inflammation in the skin tells our pigment producing cells to become overactive, explaining why pimples leave behind dark spots.
The hyperpigmentation that remains isnt permanent, but it can be uncomfortable for some people. It can also present differently, depending on your complexion.
is more common in patients who have darker skin tones, he adds. Whereas, fair skinned patients are often left with pink or red spots in areas where there used to be pimples. This post-inflammatory erythema heals on its own over several weeks.
Although most superficial breakouts heal on their own without leaving a significant mark, there are others that leave a more noticeable scar behind.
This is why its advised to avoid picking pimples. It can lead to more injury to the skin, which can lead to a greater chance of a scar, Garshick says.
Aloe Vera For Acne: 7 Ways To Get Rid Of Pimples
The clear gel inside of aloe vera leaves is used topically to soothe skin that has been burned or irritated, and some people use it to treat acne.Using pure aloe vera topically.Two other ingredients that have been studied and found to have this same effect are cinnamon and honey.A face mask with aloe vera and lemon juice will give your face a refreshed and invigorated look while it cleans your pores and kills some of the bacteria that might be causing your acne.For this mask, use pure aloe vera as the base, adding about 1/4 teaspoon of lemon juice to 2 tablespoons of aloe vera.Leave the mixture on your skin for 5 to 10 minutes before rinsing off completely.Aloe vera antibacterial spray.Since aloe vera can stimulate healthy skin cell growth , it might be worth it to purchase or make your own cleansing aloe spray.If youre interested in natural remedies for acne, you might want to combine aloe vera with coconut oil and sugar for a DIY exfoliator.The main acid in coconut oil has been studied and found to be a promising acne treatment.To use, gently scrub the mixture over your face and avoid your eye area.This isnt a mixture you should leave on your face, as tea tree oil is extremely potent and acidic.Use aloe vera as your base, add purified water and 2 to 3 drops of tea tree oil before carefully applying the mixture to your face. .
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The Different Types Of Acne Scars
There are several different types of scars. The following are those most closely associated with acne:
Hypertrophic scarsYou can recognise hypertrophic scars from an elevation in the skin or scar tissue. Where there was previously an inflamed blemish, the skin produces inferior tissue. This doesnt have the same structure as healthy tissue and therefore becomes thicker and sits above the surrounding skin. KeloidsWhen a Hypertrophic scar continues to grow and spreads into other areas of the skin it is known as a keloid. Keloid scars are raised and are a reddish purple when new but then fade. This form of scar is only occasionally caused by acne, it is more commonly associated with burns.
What To Do First
Acne scars are created when skin tissue is damaged. Doing things like picking at and popping pimples can definitely damage your skin and cause scarring. But even if you’re really careful with your skin, scars can still develop.
Severe blemishes, those that are very inflamed, are more likely to scar. Some people are just very prone to scarring with even minor blemishes leaving scars.
If you have noticed some scarring, there are a few things you can do. First things firstacne needs to be brought under control. If you haven’t seen a dermatologist yet, do it.
If you’re already being treated by a dermatologist, follow their directions exactly and let them know if you have any concerns. Once your skin is fairly clear, then you can decide on what steps need to be taken next.
Don’t waste time using over-the-counter products. If acne is scarring your skin, getting on a prescription acne treatment ASAP will help minimize scarring.
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Dermal Fillers For Depressed Acne Scars
Dermal fillers, similar to the ones used for wrinkle reduction or lip plumping, can also be used to treat depressed acne scars, which do not respond to the above treatments for acne scars.
How it works: dermal fillers help reduce the appearance of depressed acne scars by inserting a needle underneath the scarred area and depositing the fluid of choice until the scar depression is filled. The amount of filler used will vary and depend on the number of scars being treated and the scars’ severity. The type of filler will depend on the recommendation by your provider.Types of dermal fillers for acne scars: Hyaluronic acid fillers such as Juvederm or Restylane are commonly used in this application. The results of acne scars dermal filler treatment are temporary and typically last for 3-4 months. In addition to the immediate, short-term benefits in the appearance of acne scars, dermal fillers also have long-term benefits as they can help break up the scar tissue and stimulate collagen production, minimizing the appearance of scars long-term.The side effects: Injection site swelling, redness, and bruising is possible but typically subsides. While allergic reactions are rare with dermal fillers used today, they are possible. Another risk that is rare but possible is included infection at the injection site.
Benefits Of Lysine For Acne
For the purposes of preventing and healing acne, that last point is key. Lysine stimulates collagen production, reduces the likelihood of infection, and decreases healing time.
Most of the studies have explored the impact of lysine supplements taken internally, but a few looked at external applications with promising results.
There is no direct evidence that lysine prevents or heals acne faster than other products, but based on the results of studies for other conditions, it makes good sense to include this critical amino acid in your overall plan for healthy skin.
Keep in mind that skin cells are replenished every 10 to 30 days, so any dietary changes you make wont have an instant effect. They will, however, contribute to the long-term health and appearance of your skin.
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What Are The Best Treatment Creams For People With Scars
Retinoids, derivatives of vitamin A, are known to exfoliate and remove the dead skin cells from the top layer of the skin and increase the cell turnover in the epidermis. Using retinoids can also help slow the loss of collagen fiber and promote new collagen production in the dermis, increasing the skin’s strength and elasticity. Bonus, retinoids can also make your epidermis thicker, which improves skin texture.
Resurface By Shani Darden Retinol Reform $95
As you know from our constant musings on the subject, retinol has long been praised for its ability to both keep skin clear and gradually even skin tone. There are countless options to try, but we have a fondness for Hollywood aesthetician Shani Darden‘s formula. It doesn’t dry out skin, even though it’s packed with 5% retinol and 5% lactic acid.
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Aloe Vera Can Potentially Help Your Acne
Aloe vera is a popular plant remedy for many skin problems.But what about for acne?The plant’s gel is used as a base for the over-the-counter aloe gels you can buy at the store.Aloe Vera Is an Anti-Inflammatory.Aloe Vera Can Soothe the Skin.If acne treatments are leaving your skin dry and irritated aloe vera gel, or a moisturizer containing aloe, can be especially helpful.Aloe Vera May Boost Effectiveness of Acne Treatment Medications.Some research has shown that aloe vera may boost the effectiveness of acne medications.Although there is some exciting preliminary research, we’re still a long way from saying that aloe vera is an effective acne treatment.But, if you have inflamed pimples, or your skin is irritated and dried out from acne medications, aloe vera products may be helpful.You will still need to use a conventional acne treatment medication, like topical retinoids or benzoyl peroxide, to really see improvement of your skin. .
What Causes Acne Scarring
According to Dr. Bae, acne scarring happens when there’s an increase of inflammation and bacteria on your skin and the tissue underneath it, along with atypical formation of keratin on the outermost layers of your skin and overproduction of a naturally occurring, oily substance called sebum that can clog your pores. The three most common types of acne scarring include ice pick , rolling and boxcar scars.
A few other factors can increase your risk of acne scars, including a family history of scarring and acne cysts or nodules or delaying medical treatment for severe acne. Picking or squeezing your pimples during breakouts could also contribute to long-term scarring.
Dr. Bae also mentioned that patients often confuse acne scarring with dyspigmentation. Dyspigmentation is the pigmentation associated with previous acne and can look like red, pink or brown spots on your skin. “The brown dyspigmentation is technically not scarring,” says Dr. Bae, “so it’s important to make this distinction for clear communication about treatment.”
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Clinique Even Better Clinical Dark Spot Corrector $4950
Clinique markets this dark-spot corrector as “even better,” and we’re inclined to agree. Although its main purpose is to treat sun damage and age spots, in clinical trials it also showed a significant improvement of acne scars. Use it twice a day , and you can expect to see results after four to 12 weeks.