Tuesday, January 31, 2023

What Causes Infant Acne On Face

What If The Baby Has Acne After 6 Weeks Of Age

Baby Acne Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Although most baby acne typically goes away by 6 weeks of age, in some cases it can last a little longer, or even appear for the first time after the newborn period.

Baby acne that appears after 6 weeks is referred to as infantile acne.

For persistent cases still apparent after 6 weeks, or new cases of infantile acne that first appear after 6 weeks of age, its best to seek advice from a properly trained and certified health professional, such as a pediatric dermatologist.

A pediatric dermatologist will be able to take a medical history to help determine what is causing baby acne in your child.

Sometimes, it can be due to topical products your babys skin is extra sensitive to at other times it might be an indication of another health problem.

A dermatologist will advise you whether or not its necessary to treat your infant and suggest the most appropriate skincare products to use.

What Is The Cause Of Infantile Acne

The cause of infantile acne is unknown. It is thought to be genetic in origin. It is not usually due to excessive testosterone or other androgenic hormones and children with infantile acne are usually otherwise quite normal in appearance.

Acne is rare in older prepubertal children aged 2 to 6. It is associated with higher levels of androgens than is expected for the age of the child. These may result in virilisation. Signs of virilisation are:

  • Excessive body hair

Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe

In mild cases, prescription therapy is generally unnecessary, and the lesions may resolve with gentle cleansing of the skin. The first-line treatment most physicians prescribe is 2.5% benzoyl peroxide. This is an gel that is applied to the skin it is a commonly used acne product. It is generally well tolerated but may cause dryness. The next line of therapy, in severe cases, is to add an oral antibiotic. Most infants are able to stop oral antibiotics within 18 months. Rarely, cases of acne could be made worse by a fungus, which would require a topical antifungal applied to the skin for treatment. Your baby’s pediatrician may request the help of a pediatric dermatologist for severe cases of acne. Furthermore, in severe cases or those resistant to therapy, an investigation for an underlying hormonal disorder may be warranted.

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How Is Baby Acne Treated

Baby acne usually disappears without treatment.

Some babies have acne that lingers for months instead of weeks. To treat this stubborn form of baby acne, your babys pediatrician may prescribe a medicated cream or ointment that helps clear up the acne.

Dont use OTC acne treatments, face washes, or lotions. Your babys skin is very sensitive at this young age. You might make the acne worse or cause additional skin irritation by using something thats too strong.

Tips To Prevent Baby Acne Or Not Make It Worse

Baby Acne: Treatment For Newborn Acne
  • Be gentle with the babys skin, especially when taking a bath. If your baby is already experiencing acne, avoid scrubbing the affected area to avoid causing irritation, and to help it heal faster.
  • Use lukewarm water when washing your babys skin.
  • As much as possible, use a mild soap, fragrance-free or a soap-free cleanser when washing your babys skin. It may be best to ask your doctor for product recommendations to know whats best for your babys skin type.
  • Avoid using adult acne products such as those with erythromycin or retinoids on your babys skin as they may be too strong and may cause further skin issues.
  • Avoid using oily or greasy products that may aggravate baby acne. Its also best to skip the lotion and heavy creams.
  • Most of all, please do not squeeze baby acne as this many only irritate your babys skin, cause scarring and/or just make it worse.

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Dont Let Your Baby Scratch Or Pick

Unlike you, your baby doesnt understand whats going on with their skin. The swelling and itchiness may cause your little one to scratch, rub, or pick their baby acne without even knowing it.

If you see your babys skin becoming more red and swollen, or if you see your little one rub the inflamed areas, its time to cover their hands with baby mittens or soft socks. This doesnt have to be a permanent thing, and your baby doesnt have to wear them all the time. Its simply to give the acne time to heal.

Neonatal Acne Birth To 6 Weeks Of Age

Neonatal acne is estimated to affect 20% of newborns. Neonatal acne takes the form of comedones that extend from the scalp, upper chest, and back, and inflammatorylesions on the cheeks, chin, and forehead. Neonatal acne can be mistaken for neonatal cephalic pustulosis .

Neonatal acne does not usually result in scarring. It is more likely to affect boys more than girls, at a rate of 5:1.

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What Is Baby Acne Treatment And Causes

Theres nothing in the world as endearing as your babys delicate, sweet-smelling skin, and youll likely never tire of staring at them which is why its important to learn about the common challenge of baby acne early on. When you discover these red bumps developing on babys skin, dont panic and dont pick. Babys skin is likely just adjusting to life on the outside.

Tips For Treating Baby Acne

How to clear baby acne and face rash FAST| baby skin care

Baby acne can last anywhere from a few days to a few months. To treat stubborn baby acne, your babys pediatrician may prescribe a medicated cream or ointment that helps clear up the condition.

Dont use over-the-counter acne treatments, face washes, or lotions unless you are sure that they are specifically formulated with your little ones delicate skin in mind using natural, plant-based, and gentle ingredients that are safe.

Your babys skin is very sensitive at this young age. Using just any OTC ointment might make the acne worse or cause additional skin irritation because some of its ingredients may actually be too strong for your babys soft skin.

Read Also: How To Get Rid Of Baby Acne On Cheeks

Keep Your Babys Face Clean

Wash your babys face daily with warm water. Bath time is a great time to do this. You dont even need to use anything but water, but if you want to, look for a mild soap or soap-free cleanser. Dont hesitate to ask the pediatrician for recommendations.

Fragrance-free products are least likely to irritate your babys skin.

Treatment For Baby Acne

Even though baby acne can look similar to adult acne, you must treat it differently. Keep in mind that infant skin is sensitive, and handling it incorrectly could result in scarring.

Additionally, never try to pop any pimples or squeeze any blackheads. Yes, I know it may be tempting. But, not only can you increase the chance of infection.

So, to all of you pimple-popping mommas, here are a few ways to treat your babys acne.

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What You Need To Know About Milia And Baby Acne

In our third installment covering infant skin issues, well be discussing milia and baby acne. Unlike some of the skin conditions weve covered, milia and baby acne are not rashes.

Milia are tiny white bumps that appear on a babys nose, chin, cheeks, or eyelids. These bumps tend to appear in groups or clusters of small white or yellowish bumps. A single milium can range from less than 1 millimeter up to 3 millimeters in size. Although they are very common in newborn babies, they can appear at any age.

There are two basic types of milia:

  • Primary: the most common form of milia, especially on babies, appears on healthy skin. They frequently occur on the eyelids, forehead, cheeks, or genitals.
  • Secondary: also known as traumatic milia, this type appears on skin that has acne, infection, or is in otherwise damaged condition. Secondary milia often appear on skin that has been damaged by burns, rashes, blisters, reaction to a topical cream/ointment, or even excessive exposure to sunlight. The milia develop as the skin heals. In this instance, it is more common to occur on older children or adults than on newborns.

Newborn Acne Vs Infantile Acne

Baby Acne: What Causes Them And How You Can Prevent

Unlike the tiny pimples of newborn acne, infantile acne can include blackheads, cysts, or nodules, and can persist until their first birthday.

In addition to the appearance of the acne, onset timing is also useful for distinguishing between newborn and infantile acne. Breakouts that begin in the first four weeks of life are typically newborn acne, while those that develop after four weeks are more likely to be infantile acne.

Also Check: How To Deal With Acne

How Do I Know It’s Acne And Not Something Else

If you notice red bumps on your babys face or body after six weeks of age, you may be dealing with a skin infection, eczema, or cows milk allergy. Telltale signs of these conditions include inflammation and areas of dry or cracked skin, as well as extreme fussiness, excessive spit-up or even fever. The bumps may itch, ooze, and crust over, or feel like dry, scaly skin.

Rash-like red bumps could also be a reaction to an ointment or oil used in a skincare product youre using, while white bumps appearing on the forehead, cheeks or near your babys mouth are often confused with milia, dead skin cells trapped in small pockets on the skins surface. Similar to neonatal acne, milia will typically clear on their own within a matter of weeks.

To be sure, the AADA recommends a skin exam by a board-certified dermatologist and, in certain extreme circumstances, a blood test or x-ray to rule out any serious conditions.

What Else Looks Like Baby Acne

Baby acne can be confused with other conditions, although most of them are relatively rare:

1. Infantile acneIf your baby still has acne at 3- to 6-months-old, infantile acne may be the culprit. These bumps tend to be more red and inflammatory, says Dr. Kahn. Youll see more of the different types of acne than with baby acne, including pustules and cysts, not just whiteheads and blackheads. And unlike baby acne, infantile acne is linked to family history: Your baby is more likely to get it if you or your partner had severe acne as a teen. Acne in older babies can also be an indication that your baby is more likely to have acne later in life. Like baby acne, infantile acne rarely needs treatment if theres a lot of redness and swelling, however, your doctor might want to treat it with a topical antibiotic.

2. InfectionSexually transmitted infections like herpes and bacterial infections like Group B strep can cause bumps that look similar to acne. But, since both infections are typically transmitted from mom to baby during delivery, this should only be a concern if you had one of these infections during your third trimester, says Dr. Kahn.

If the bumps on your baby arent limited to her face, or if she has a fever or cold symptoms, call your doctor. It could be a viral infection like shingles, if you had an active infection while you were pregnant. Another good reason to make sure that your vaccines are all up to date before you get pregnant!

3. Eczema

Also Check: How To Cure Baby Acne Naturally

See A Doctor If Concerned

While baby acne usually resolves on its own, its not unusual for caregivers to seek reassurance from their pediatrician. Extensive baby acne on face and body can be especially worrisome for some caregivers, even if the breakout is brief. If you dont have an upcoming appointment when you can conveniently address it, check in with your pediatricians office to see if they offer telemedicine or an online portal solution that can conveniently get you faster answers.

As always, follow your gut when it comes to babys wellness. Fever, skin inflammation, the presence of pus, or pain upon touching the affected area are all reasons to seek medical attention more quickly. Likewise, persistent baby acne that does not resolve on its own should also be addressed by a doctor who can evaluate if treatment is required.

What Does Baby Acne Look Like

Baby Acne : How to Treat Baby Acne

Baby acne looks like tiny red or white bumps or pustules that appear on your infant’s cheeks, nose, eyelids, chin, and/or forehead. Sometimes the acne can also extend up on her scalp or down on her neck or upper trunk. Unlike acne that teens and adults can experience, baby acne does not lead to blackheads or whiteheads.

Also Check: How To Get Acne Off Your Face

What Causes Erythema Toxicum Neonatorum

The exact cause is unknown. It is not due to an infection, even though pus-filled spots are often present.

Various ideas have been suggested, including the possibility that it is a normal effect of a baby’s immune system. It is not an allergic problem. It is also not related to whether the baby is breast-fed or bottle-fed.

Dont Use Oily Creams Or Lotions

Acne be it baby, adolescent, or adult is caused by clogged pores. Dirt and oil get stuck around a hair follicle and create a plug that irritates surrounding skin. Visually, this is the redness and swelling that are so commonly associated with acne. Because acne is caused by a buildup of oil and dirt, its best to avoid using oily creams and lotions on acne-prone skin.

To keep your babys acne-prone skin as healthy as possible, whether theyre having an outbreak or not, we suggest regularly cleansing the area with Mustelas No Rinse Cleansing Water or Mustelas No Rinse Soothing Cleansing Water for very sensitive skin.

These products contain micellar water, which works to keep your babys skin clean because the micelles in the water are attracted to the dirt and oil that can clog pores. The micelles are thus able to draw out impurities without irritating sensitive skin.

After you cleanse your babys skin, follow up with a sensitive-skin product, like Mustelas Soothing Moisturizing Body Lotion. This daily, light textured baby body lotion is specially designed for newborns with very sensitive, rashy, or reactive skin.

Recommended Reading: What Makes Acne Go Away Overnight

What If Baby Acne Doesnt Clear Up

If your babys break out just wont clear, you may be mistaking another skin condition for baby acne. Below are some various skin conditions that are similar to baby acne but require their own diagnosis and set of remedies.

  • Milia: These are tiny white bumps, similar looking to whiteheads, which appear on nose, chin, and cheeks of baby. Milia can be present from birth, unlike baby acne, which sets in later. It can also occur alongside baby acne as your babys skin adjusts to life outside the womb. It is more often caused by sloughed off skin cells that get trapped in the outer layer of dermis.
  • Heat Rash: While baby acne is on the face, heat rash tends to appear where the baby is clothed, including on the chest, stomach and neck, but also on the thighs and buttocks. Heat rash looks like a reddening of the skin with lots of tiny red bumps.
  • Baby Eczema: While it can look similar to baby acne, especially when it shows up on the cheeks, its trademark look is red, patchy and scaly dry skin. It is very common in babies, and can also pop up in high-friction areas, like the folds of those tiny little elbows and knees. Eczema can be caused by diet, lifestyle, gut flora imbalance, dryness and also by genetics, if a parent suffers from eczema.
  • Infection: If the bumps spread beyond face or if baby has a fever or cold symptoms, call your pediatrician immediately as these may be signs of an infection like roseola or RSV.

How Can I Treat Baby Acne

Baby Acne: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Treatment is usually not required for little spots and pimples.

Baby acne should not cause any itching or discomfort to your child. It’s actually best to leave the area alone as using lotions and creams can aggravate the condition by clogging the pores.

  • Gently cleanse the area once a day with a soft cloth and water or gentle hypoallergenicbaby wipes that contain no soap. Remember to pat dry.
  • Do not pop, pinch or pick at the pimples
  • If your baby is scratching their face, try popping soft, cotton mittens on their hands, at night.
  • Acne cream or medicine developed for adults is not advised for use on babies, as they contain chemicals that are harsh on delicate skin.
  • If the acne seems worse after bub has been breastfed, you may consider changing your diet some mothers report that eating citrus fruits cause skin problems in their baby.

You should consult your baby’s doctor or early childhood nurse if:

  • The outbreak spreads to other parts of their body
  • The acne has not cleared after a few months
  • The acne is accompanied with a fever or wheezing, or if the skin appears to be more red than normal

These symptoms may indicate another skin condition such as nappy rash, eczema, thrush or even an allergic reaction.

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What Is Baby Acne

When your newborn baby is around 2 to 5 weeks old you may start to see small pimples on his face, usually on his cheeks, nose, eyelids, chin, and/or forehead. Baby acne is also referred to as neonatal acne and is commonâabout 3 in 10 babies get it.Experts are not exactly sure what causes baby acne, but it could be due to one of the following:

  • An inflammation caused by yeast on your baby’s skin

  • Overstimulated oil glands in your baby’s skin caused by coming into contact with hormones in the placenta during your pregnancy.

Baby acne has nothing to do with the type of acne that a teenager may experience.

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