Acne Prevention Tips: Causes Of Sudden Acne Breakout You Must Know
We speak to dermatologist Dr Smiti Naswa Singh, who tells us all about causes and effective home remedies to deal with sudden acne break out. She lists the following causes for sudden acne breakout:
- Hormonal imbalance: Fluctuations in hormones like during puberty, around ovulation or before periods, or hormonal imbalance because of being overweight or underlying health condition like thyroid and PCOD can lead to sudden popping up of pimples.
- Stress: Dr Smiti says that “Excessive mental stress during exams or job interview or nearing your own wedding date or physical stress like illness,” can all lead to sudden acne breakout and popping up of pimples. Now you got your answer!
- Crash diet or overeating with too much fat/fried/processed food, which is common during the festive season, can trigger acne and cause pimples.
- Certain medications like steroids/ hormonal pills/ some anticonvulsants/ Lithium can also be a cause of pimples and acne.
- Dermatologist Dr Rahul Sharma says that 25% of adults get acne because of excess sebum production.
What To Do About It
Skip so-called anti-aging products: You may not want wrinkles per se, but right now you need to focus on getting rid of your acne, and many of the anti-aging ingredients can be irritating or can trigger acne breakouts in some women.
Stay away from teen-focused anti-acne products: Most adult women have drier skin types, so acne washes and medications meant for teen acne can be too drying and irritating to their skin, Shainhouse says. Salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide are great for teens, but not for most adult women.
Choose a gentle cleansing wash and use it twice a day. You might consider a prescription one with sulfur.
Add a topical retinoid: Shainhouse says that this will help unclog pores and stimulate anti-wrinkle collagen growth but start this regimen slowly, as it may irritate sensitive skin.
Consider a prescription low-dose daily oral antibiotic. This can calm inflammation.
Vitamin A: The Miraculous Product For Aging Skin
Vitamin A derivatives are being hailed as the miraculous anti aging treatments for mature skin. These can not just be used for preventing fine lines and wrinkles but also for preventing and healing adult acne. Isotretinoin, another derivative of Vitamin A, is sold under the brand name of Accutane and is being prescribed extensively for preventing acne in women aged 50 and above. Accutane must however be used very cautiously, since it has been linked with birth defects in younger women who used it in their first trimester of pregnancy. Gels and emollient creams with lower concentrations can however be safely used to prevent and heal acne scars and blemishes in aging skin.
These are the main causes, treatment and prevention of acne in adults aged 50 and above.
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Causes Of Acne In Older Women
If you’re frustrated by blemishes you thought you had left behind in your teenage years, you’re not alone. Many women have acne breakouts in their 30s, 40s, and 50s.
This article explores the causes of adult acne, as well as what you can do to prevent it. It will also explain when it’s best to reach out to your doctor.
The main factors that lead to acne for both teens and adults may include:
- Over-production of a type of oil, known as sebum, by the skin
- An excess of dead skin cells that block the pores
- A large amount of acne-causing bacteria within the blocked pores
- Inflammation of the skin
Adult acne is more common in women than in men. Acne can impact women even after menopause, which is a time when your periods stop.
Am I Stuck With Acne Forever
On its own, acne does seem to go away with age. According to one study, acne becomes less common after age 44. And for some women, acne ends with menopause.
Until then, fortunately, there are treatments for adult acne. Most people find a combination of products work best. Treatment takes time — usually 4 to 12 weeks — and you need to continue it for it to work.
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Dirty Pillowcases Sheets And Cellphones
Acne occurs when pores become clogged with excess dead skin cells, dirt, and sebum. However, the surfaces and items we come into contact with can trigger breakouts â especially since they too can collect dead skin cells and sebum.
Pillowcases and bedding items, for example, can collect dirt, oil, and acne-causing bacteria, which, in return, can clog pores, and, therefore, trigger breakouts. To prevent your pillowcase and bedding items from causing breakouts, be sure to change and clean them regularly,
Like pillowcases, cellphones can also cause breakouts, as they collect bacteria that gets passed by touch onto your cheek, making it important to clean your phone regularly as well.
How To Treat Hormonal Acne Naturally
In some cases, plant-based treatment options may be used to clear up mild hormonal acne.
Natural treatments are usually free of the side effects sometimes caused by prescription options. But they may not be as effective. Research on natural options is lacking, and at this time nothing has been proven to produce results. Talk with your doctor about potential risks and to ensure the treatment wont interact with any medications youre taking.
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Best Natural Remedies To Add To Your Anti
Teen acne usually sits on the skins surface, she says.
So whats causing those embarrassing zits today? One culprit: changing hormone levels. This includes premenstrual dips , and fluctuations that occur during peri-menopause.
Cosmetics, your skin-care regimen, and lifestyle choices may also be to blame, as well as factors youve never considered.
Whether it’s hairspray or traveling, learn about 10 surprising causes of your adult acne, and how to zap those zits away.
Causes Of Hormonal Acne
Conditions that affect hormone levels can trigger acne. Here are a few examples:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Increased levels of androgens
According to estimates, acne occurs in around 50 percent of the female population ages 20 to 20 and 25 percent ages 40 to 49.
A rise in testosterone levels may trigger the excessive secretion of sebum from glands in the skin. It may also change the activity of certain skin cells, leading to an infection of the hair follicles by bacteria known as Cutibacterium acnes. This can create hormonal acne.
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Hormonal Acne: Diet Dos And Donts
The exact role between diet and hormonal acne isnt fully understood. Some foods may help prevent acne particularly inflammation-fighting foods.
Plant-based foods high in antioxidants may help reduce inflammation and promote clearer skin. Omega-3 fatty acids may also decrease skin inflammation.
Contrary to popular belief, junk food alone doesnt cause acne. But overdoing it on certain foods may lead to increased inflammation.
You may consider limiting the following:
- refined carbs, such as white bread and pasta
- red meats
A Diet High In Processed Food And Refined Carbs May Lead To Acne
As teens, we believed that greasy grub and chocolate cake caused our pimples. And that might hold true for you now that youre an adult.
The latest scientific evidence suggests that high-carbohydrate diets may predispose you to acne, Fusco says. Specifically, diets high in refined carbohydrates that are high on the glycemic index may increase the development and severity of breakouts, yet more research is needed. The glycemic index is a scale that gauges how much a certain food can affect blood sugar levels.
There may also be a link between acne and dairy, according to Harth.
Dairy products have been shown in multiple studies to increase levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 , that can trigger or worsen acne breakouts, says Harth. One of the most triggering forms of dairy is cow’s milk, especially low-fat milk, which contains a large amount of progesterone-like hormones and has a higher sugar content than full-fat milk.
Zit zapper Cut back on snacks, like chips and ice cream, and switch to whole grains, veggies, fruits, and high-protein foods.
Better skin may lie at the end of your fork, research reveals.
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Traditional Treatments For Hormonal Acne
Unless your hormonal acne is mild, over-the-counter products usually arent successful.
This is because hormonal acne typically takes the form of cystic bumps. These bumps form deep under the skin, out of reach of most topical medications.
Oral medications can work from the inside out to balance your hormones and clear up the skin. Common options include oral contraceptives and anti-androgen drugs.
Will I Be Stuck With Acne Forever
Acne tends to resolve in most individuals as they age. When acne recurs in adulthood, it is important to rule out other causes for androgen excess. This group of conditions requires a series of blood tests for diagnosis. Acne that appears for the first time in adulthood is called “adult-onset acne.” This type of acne is most common in menopausal women.
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How To Treat Acne At 40
Regardless of the cause behind acne at 40, there are certain derm-approved topical ingredients that can help treat the symptoms, most of which you’ve seen in your products since back in the days when your first ever pimples popped up. “There are many treatment options for acne,” says Dr. Greenfield. “Spironolactone is great for hormonal acne. Retinoids work well for many types of acne. Antibiotics treat inflammatory acne well. Isotretinoin can help in severe cases.” Plus, she says, a good face wash and moisturizer can go a long way in treating acne as well. A few others that derms swear by follow.
1. Bring on the benzoyl peroxide: An acne-zapping favorite at any age, Benzoyl peroxide kills acne-causing bacteria on the skin, which subsequently reduces inflammation. Dr. Zeichner recommends the Neutrogena Rapid Clear Stubborn Acne Daily Leave-On Mask for an effective, acne-clearing dose of BP.
4. Tweak your diet: Sugar and dairy have been known to spike cortisol, which can ultimately show itself on your skin. Try as best you can to cut these nutrients from your diet in order to help stave off zits that are being caused by hormones
6. Talk to your derm: If figuring things out on your own doesn’t seem to be working, it may be time to seek professional help. Head to the dermatologist, who will be able to help you find the root behind your breakouts.
Cheek Acne Cause #: Poor Skincare
Many overreact to acne by scrubbing the acne on their cheeks severely. This is a mistake! The skin on our face is especially sensitive, which means you need to be gentle with it at all times.
Your skincare products may also be part of the problem. If youre using skincare products or makeup that contains ingredients like alcohol and synthetic fragrances, they may be irritating your skin or clogging your pores.
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Is Menopausal Acne A Form Of Hormonal Acne
Many women begin to experience menopause in their 40s and 50s. This causes a natural decline in your reproductive hormones, resulting in an end to menstruation.
Some women experience acne during menopause. This is likely due to a drop in estrogen levels or an increase in androgen hormones like testosterone.
You may still experience menopausal acne even if youre using hormone replacement therapies to ease your menopause symptoms. This is because some HRTs use an influx of the hormone progestin to replace the estrogen and progesterone your body loses. Introducing this hormone to your system can cause your skin to break out.
In most cases, prescription medication can clear up menopausal acne. Some women may find success using natural treatment methods. Talk to your doctor about which options may be right for you.
Hormonal Acne: Causes Types And Treatments
Hormonal acne refers to breakouts that occur due to hormone fluctuations, particularly a rise in androgens such as testosterone. Although the acne that results from hormonal fluctuations in puberty is typically called hormonal acne, it may affect adults at any age. Its particularly common during menstruation and menopause.
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Cheek Acne Cause #: Touching Your Face
Throughout the day, our hands collect all sorts of pollutants and allergens whether we touch a keyboard, a kitchen sponge, or use our smartphone. And, the more you touch your face, the more the bacteria, dirt, and allergens make contact. Between washes, these substances have time to permeate the skin, potentially clogging your pores and contributing to breakouts.
Why You Get Acne On The Chin And Jawline
The jawline and chin are sensitive to hormones, Dr. Kassouf says. Teen boys often get acne along the jawline during growth spurts. Girls and women may see their chins erupt as hormones ebb and flow during their menstrual cycles. Compared to typical T-zone pimples, acne here is likely to be deeper, bigger and more inflamed, she says.
To treat chin and jawline acne, try:
- Hormones: For women, Dr. Kassouf says birth control pills can help keep this acne under control. But some types of hormonal birth control can make breakouts worse, so talk to your doctor to find one that helps rather than hurts.
- Sulfur: Topical treatments containing sulfur can help reduce the inflammation of deep acne. Theyre available in OTC and prescription varieties.
- Retinoids: This superstar acne fighter can also help ward off hormonal acne.
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Traveling Somewhere New Can Wreak Havoc On Your Skin Contributing To Breakouts
Ever wonder why your skin looks like the surface of the moon after a vacation?
The change of environment the sun, heat, and humidity can trigger acne.
Your skins not used to those things, so its being challenged and reacts by breaking out, Frank says.
Zit zapper You cant change the weather or humidity of where you visit, but avoiding too much sun exposure and using a sunscreen with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide might help reduce breakouts.
And because your skin is adapting to environmental changes, dont pile on epidermal stress with new products.
Antibiotics And Topical Treatments
Because cystic acne tends to be severe and not easily rectified, dermatologists will often start treatment with a combination of oral antibiotics and strong topical creams or lotions to see how well they perform before moving on to more dramatic treatments like side-effect heavy Isotretinoin or using hormonal drugs like Spironolactone.
The antibiotic usually prescribed for this purpose is tetracycline, or a tetracycline derivative like doxycycline, while a hydrocortisone topical cream, often prescribed in combination with a retinoid, will have benzoyl peroxide and/or salicylic acid as their active ingredients. This is usually the first line of defense. If it proves ineffective, dermatologists usually move on to the following more complicated drugs to treat hormonal cystic acne.
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Dont Bring Your Phone With You To The Bathroom
Its no secret that the bathroom is one of the germiest places. Between flushing the toilet and touching the faucet, your hands come into contact with many potentially bacteria-filled surfaces. Furthermore, its a good idea to leave your phone out of the bathroom or keep it in a closed bag if need be.
What Causes Acne On The Jawline
Acne is the most common skin condition in the United States, affecting some 50 million people a year, according to the American Academy of Dermatology . It results when hair follicles in the skin become blocked with dead skin or excess oil, trapping dirt that leads to inflammation. Bacteria on the skin infects blocked follicles, which results in pimples, cysts, and nodules.
While hormonal changes are the most frequent cause of jawline acne, the condition is not exclusive to hormonal fluctuations and can also be caused by:
- Sports equipment: with chinstraps that trap moisture, heat, and sweat around the jaw, leaving the area vulnerable to inflammation.
- Cosmetics: containing heavy oils that clog skin pores. Non-comedogenic skin care products are recommended as they are specifically formulated not to block pores for this very reason.
- Medications: Acne is listed as a potential side effect for a variety of pharmaceuticals, most commonly steroids along with anti-depressants and anti-psychotic drugs designed to treat bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
- Shaving: can irritate the skin even at the best of times. But when razor blades are older they can break the skin and lead to infection, which in turn stimulates acne breakouts.
- Its believed people with a parent or parents who have suffered severe cystic acne are more prone to the condition themselves.
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Other Spots That Appear On The Jawline
Cystic acne blemishes are not the only kind of inflammation that can develop along the chin and jawline. Others include:
- Folliculitis: develops from ingrown hairs that become infected, leaving pus-filled inflammations on the skin that can sometimes appear similar to cystic acne.
- Rosacea: leaves red spots on the skin that are typically swollen and bumpy.
- Boils: are infections that spawn large, painful, pus-filled, red bumps on the skin.
- Cellulitis: is another common bacterial infection that leaves swollen red inflammations on the skin, often along the jawline and lower face area.