Sunday, March 19, 2023

What Are The Different Types Of Acne

What Are Some Everyday Tips To Prevent Acne

How to Treat Different Types of Acne

First and foremost, wash and cleanse your skin twice each day, especially because dirt and bacteria build up throughout the day and while we sleep. You can help prevent whiteheads through simple exfoliation and washing, but its important to avoid harsh scrubbing as it irritates the skin further.

Here are some other tips to keep your skin clear:

  • Exfoliate, but only do so three times a week at most
  • Dont pick at pimples or rub your face
  • Avoid rough scrubs

How Do Clinical Features Vary In Differing Types Of Skin

All characteristic lesions of acne vulgaris can occur in skin of colour, but it usually presents with less discernible redness and more postinflammatoryhyperpigmentation which persists long after the acne lesion has gone. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is often the major reason for seeking medical attention, causing significant psychological effects.

Pomade acne occurs more commonly in people with skin of colour due to cultural practices with hair styling products in African American and Hispanic populations. The use of greasy hair products leads to follicular plugging and comedones along the hairline.

Keloid scarring is more common in skin of colour following acne lesions, particularly along the jawline, chest, and upper back.

Acne in skin of colour

Treatment Options For Severe Acne

  • Antibiotics, Such As Tetracycline, Doxycycline, And Amoxicillin
  • Topical Corticosteroids
  • Chemical Peels That Are Available In Pharmacies Or Online
  • Drainage And Extraction To Remove Large Cysts

Understanding the kind of acne can help in treating it effectively. Begin by knowing your skin and acne type.

You can treat mild to moderate acne with customized skincare. Customization solves your skincare struggles because the products in your regimen are made only for you. A good skincare regimen goes a long way in getting and maintaining healthy skin.

SkinKraft customizes skin care products for you based on a unique SkinID questionnaire. SkinKraft products are dermatologically driven, research-based and contain safe ingredients.

SkinKraft customized skincare regimen recommends the following three products in your regimen:

  • Your customized cleanser

Recommended Reading: How To Know If You Have Cystic Acne

Consulting A Dermatologist About Treatments And Your Skin

With acne being so complicated, its always best to consult an experienced acne dermatologist. Your dermatologist will be able to analyse your skin, diet and general health to assess the right types of materials for your skin. They will also be able to provide an acne treatment plan that isnt affected by the materials you wear/sleep in. For more information on acne treatments for your acne, we welcome you to book a consultation with us. Alternatively, please contact us to speak to one of our experts.

Different Types Of Acne And Their Symptoms

Acne: Whats The Deal?

The occasional bump or breakout might not be a big deal to some. Persistent acne, on the other hand, can be a frustrating problem, affecting your self-esteem and confidence. Your feelings about acne may have everything to do with the extent of your skin problem, which can range from mild to severe.

Mild acne is the less severe form of acne, says Yoram Harth, MD, a dermatologist and the medical director of MDacne whos based in San Francisco. This kind of acne is easier to control and doesnt usually leave long-term scars.

Its a different story with moderate and severe acne, though.

Moderate acne, continues Dr. Harth, is more noticeable and can leave dark spots and scars, whereas severe acne is the worst form. Its more difficult to treat and often leaves scars when it heals.

Its important that you learn how to recognize common types of blemishes as well as their severity because different types of acne respond to different treatments.

Bottom line: If you want clearer skin, you need to know what youre dealing with.

Different types of acne include the following:

Also Check: How To Cure Baby Acne

What Are The 6 Different Types Of Acne

Acne occurs when hair follicles and pores are compacted with oil , dead skin cells and bacteria which inflame and irritate the skin. While acne is most common in teenagers, adults can still get it well into their 30s and at any other age.

Not all acne is the same there are actually six different types of acne that can wreak havoc upon your face, chest, back and shoulders.

Heres how to spot the six different types of acne:

Different Types Of Acne & How To Treat Them

Blemishes, zits, breakouts, whatever you call them, there are many different words to describe acne. Knowing the different types of acne is a challenge, but weve made it straight forward.

There is 6 different types of acne and even more ways to treat them. Knowing your skin before, during and after a breakout is crucial. If you can learn your bodies triggers and do preventative care, youll be able to manage and minimize the severity of acne breakouts.

Recommended Reading: Why Do I Get Cystic Acne

Why Do I Have Acne

Acne is most commonly linked to the changes in hormone levels during puberty, but can start at any age.

Certain hormones cause the grease-producing glands next to hair follicles in the skin to produce larger amounts of oil .

This abnormal sebum changes the activity of a usually harmless skin bacterium called P. acnes, which becomes more aggressive and causes inflammation and pus.

The hormones also thicken the inner lining of the hair follicle, causing blockage of the pores. Cleaning the skin does not help to remove this blockage.

How Can I Get Rid Of Acne

Prevent Acne Scars – Different Types of Acne Scars

Finding a cure for your acne may require some trial and error to identify the correct treatments. In part, thats because the reason for your acne may be an excess of oil, bacterial infections, clogged pores, among other reasons.

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment when it comes to acne as everyones type and severity are different. Some people get clear skin from just topical treatments while others require oral treatments in addition to topical treatments, Wu explains.

Most types of acne can worsen as a result of hormonal changes like excessive androgen production for women, that means acne flare-ups could be caused by menstruation or pregnancy. Other factors include stress, poor diet or even medication. That being said, getting rid of acne may require different treatments for different acne and skin types.

Wu says, Whiteheads and blackheads are considered non-inflammatory acne and typically respond to retinoid and benzoyl peroxide topical creams. Papules, pustules, cysts, and nodules are considered inflammatory acne and typically respond to topical antibiotics and benzoyl peroxide and often may need oral or injection treatment. Cysts and nodules can be more difficult to get rid of than other types.

Ingredients like Vitamin A, aloe vera, tea tree oil and witch hazel are popular for home remedies.However, these remedies have limited testing standards, so we usually recommend other forms of treatment.

Also Check: How To Cure Acne Scars

Hypertrophic And Keloid Scars

Unlike atrophic scars, hypertrophic and keloid scars form as raised lumps of scar tissue where the acne once was. This happens when scar tissue builds up, sometimes from previous acne spots.

Hypertrophic scars are the same size as the acne that caused them. Keloid scars create a scar larger than the acne that caused them and grow beyond the sides of the original spot.

Hypertrophic and keloid scars are more common on areas such as the jawline, chest, back, and shoulders. People with a darker skin color are more likely to develop this type of scarring.

The Two Main Categories Of Acne

There are two main categories of acne: inflamed and non-inflamed and there are seven different subtypes within those two categories. As you can see from the pictures, these two types of acne look very different and could easily be mistaken for completely different conditions altogether. Inflamed acne is the type of acne that most people identify as acne because inflamed lesions are bigger, redder, and can be pus filled and sore. Non-inflamed acne looks like little tiny bumps or seeds underneath the skin and people often describe it as bumpiness or texture that might only be visible under certain angles and lighting. A lot of people with NI acne dont even realize they have acne and I have even had clients whose Dermatologists misdiagnosed their non-inflamed acne for allergies! Dermatologists are special.Anyways, non-inflamed acne is basically the baby stage of acne and when it gets bigger, it can become the more grown-up inflamed acne. The most common acne type is combination because most people have some of each type although you might have more of one type than the other and your acne type will likely shift at different points in your acne journey.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Different Types Of Acne

Got a problem with acne? Recognizing the different types of acne and their symptoms is one of the first steps to getting clear skin.

Just about everyone gets acne at some point. And unfortunately, these annoying bumps tend to pop up at the worst times like before a big date or an interview for a dream job.

Many young adults deal with acne. But if you think its only a teenage problem, youre mistaken. Acne also occurs in adults, and even some infants have acne, too.

Acne develops when pores or hair follicles become blocked with oil and dead skin cells. Most people complain about acne on their face, but the truth is, you can get acne anywhere on your body. This includes your back, neck, buttocks, shoulders, and chest.

Even though many people use the term acne to describe all bumps, acne is actually a broad term for different types of bumps.

Read on for more information about acne types and symptoms, and learn when its time to see a doctor.

Are There Any Special Concerns For Women Of Childbearing Age With Acne

Symptoms of Acne

Many topical and oral acne treatments are contraindicated during pregnancy. If youre a woman in your childbearing years, its important to discuss acne treatments with your healthcare provider and alert them if you become pregnant. Isotretinoin is known to cause severe birth defects and therefore, two methods of birth control are required while on this medication.

Hormone therapy is helpful for some women with acne, especially for those that flare-up with menstruation or those with signs and symptoms of excess androgen . Hormone therapy consists of low-dose estrogen and progesterone or a medication called spironolactone that blocks the effect of male hormones at the level of the hair follicles and oil glands.

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Try Antibacterial And Anti

“The bacteria Cutibacterium acnes lives at the base of your hair follicles and breaks down your sebum into fatty acids, which in turn activates inflammation in the surrounding skin,” Kim explains. “So while acne is not a true infection of your skin, antibacterial products are a mainstay of treating inflammatory acne.” Icecreamwala says to look for benzoyl peroxide, which will kill bacteria and thus decrease inflammation caused by the bacteria. If you hate the way benzoyl peroxide bleaches your sheets , Kim suggests the above OTC antimicrobial cleanser, which contains sodium hypochlorite as an alternative to benzoyl peroxide. Kim also suggests looking for anti-inflammatory topical ingredients, such as niacinamide, zinc, and sulfur.

Overview Of The Types And Stages Of Acne

Casey Gallagher, MD, is board-certified in dermatology and works as a practicing dermatologist and clinical professor.

For being such a common skin problem, acne itself can be very complex, from its causes to treatment. You’ve probably also noticed that everyone’s acne is different. That’s because there are different types and stages of acne. Acne will even be different at different life periods.

Knowing about your acne type, stage, and severity will help you determine the best, most customized treatment for your skin.

Also Check: Which Face Oil Is Best For Acne Prone Skin

What Are The Four Most Common Types Of Acne

Acne! One word that makes us cringe at the memory it has left behind. For many, acne is still a part of their present. But, is acne only limited to those small, red, bumps on the skin? Or does it have few other shapes and sizes that we often see on the skin, but are not sure if it is acne?

Sadly, acne has few other types too. Lets get to know some of them one by one!

The Different Types Of Acne

The 5 Different Types of Acne

While you may associate acne with the tumultuous teenage years, acne can hit at any age, affecting 50 million Americans every year. And theres no one-size-fits-all solution for those unsightly blemishes. Different types of acne require different treatments.

At Manhattan Dermatology, our team of general and cosmetic dermatologists understands the frustration acne can bring regardless of your age. Thats why we offer the best in laser, oral, and topical acne therapies for our New York City patients.

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Acne Type 2 Whiteheads

Till the time the skin on the comedo does not open it, it is known as a whitehead. A step behind the blackhead, excess oil, dead skin cells and bacteria are the leading causes of whiteheads too. Chances are that if you can keep your skin clear of clogged pores you can steer clear of whiteheads, and eventually blackheads. Hormonal changes during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, menopause, etc., can trigger excess oil production, thus clogging the pores. Genes too have a role to play in acne.

Mostly found in the T-zone , whiteheads can also be found on the shoulders, chest, back, arms, etc. Relatively easier to treat, the best way to prevent whiteheads is to keep the skin and hair clean, use non-comedogenic products, avoid excessive exfoliation of the skin.

Determining Your Acne Severity

There isn’t a universal way to classify acne severity. That means every skin care professional classifies acne in a slightly different way.

Many dermatologists use grades . But the most widely used, and simplest, way of classifying acne is fairly straightforward: mild, moderate, and severe.

There’s no test to determine your acne severity. A dermatologist does so by a simple visual inspection of your skin. Your skin can move between these grades because acne tends to wax and wane on its own.

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When Should You See A Doctor For Acne Treatment

Acne may or may not warrant a trip to your doctor. Some people can control their blemishes with over-the-counter treatments and other self-care measures, while others feel their acne is serious enough to require medical help.

The decision to see a doctor will likely depend on how well youre able to manage bumps, as well as the severity of your acne.

Its always a good idea to make an appointment for persistent acne that doesnt clear up. What you think is run-of-the-mill acne could actually be another skin condition like rosacea, keratosis pilaris, or perioral dermatitis.

To diagnose acne and determine the type of acne and the treatment youll need, your dermatologist will visually examine your skin.

For mild-to-moderate acne, start with over-the-counter medicine before you see a doctor. These include topical creams and acne face washes that contain acne-fighting ingredients such as salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide.

Retinoids and retinoid-like drugs prevent clogging of pores, while topical antibiotics kill bacteria on the skin. Salicylic acid facial washes remove dead skin cells by exfoliation. Some of these products may not be safe to use during pregnancy. Check with your doctor to be sure.

Unusual Types Of Acne

Types Of Acne

Acne excoriée

This occurs frequently in adolescent girls and young women. Patients pick their skin leading to inflammatory lesions. Treatment can be difficult, psychological problems should be investigated, and underlying acne lesions managed with standard acne treatment. Successful treatment with habit reversal has been reported.


This occurs in a small number of acne patients. The patients perception of their acne is disproportionate to their physical signs. There is often associated depression and/or obsessional neurosis. The acne should be treated in the standard fashion and psychiatric collaboration is important.

Drug-induced acne

This is well recognized. Corticosteroids are the most common offenders. Steroid acne has a monomorphic appearance and consists of noninflammatory and inflammatory lesions. Other drugs implicated include anticonvulsants, lithium, and the novel epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors currently used for solid tumours.

Cosmetic acne

Various cosmetic ingredients induce comedones, in particular lanolins, petrolatum, and certain vegetable oils. Hair pomades can produce a monomorphic, low-grade acne.

Infantile acne

Gram-negative folliculitis

Acne conglobata

Acne fulminans

Pyoderma faciale


As you can see there are many types of acne, but they can all be successfully treated.

Read more – There are many articles about acne here:Acne Main Section

Read Also: How To Fix Scarring From Acne

Can Acne Be Prevented

Preventing acne is difficult if not impossible during normal hormonal changes. But some things can help:

  • Wash your face daily with warm water and a mild facial cleanser.
  • Routinely use moisturizer.
  • You dont have to stop using makeup, but try to use non-comedogenic products and remove makeup at the end of each day.
  • Keep your hands away from your face.

When To Seek Medical Advice

If you have mild acne, speak to a pharmacist about medicines to treat it.

If these do not control your acne, or it’s making you feel very unhappy, see a GP.

You should see a GP if you have moderate or severe acne or you develop nodules or cysts, as they need to be treated properly to avoid scarring.

Try to resist the temptation to pick or squeeze the spots, as this can lead to permanent scarring.

Treatments can take up to 3 months to work, so do not expect results overnight. Once they do start to work, the results are usually good.

Also Check: What Does Chest Acne Mean

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