The Best Treatments For Teen Acne According To Dermatologists
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If you made it through your teens without a breakout, consider yourself something of a unicorn. Acne, a skin disorder that primarily affects the face, shoulders, chest and back, plagues an estimated 80 percent of people between ages 11 and 30 at some point, according to The National Institutes for Health.
Fueled by fluctuating hormones that increase oil production , breakouts happen when that oil combines with dead skin cells, trapping bacteria, causing inflammation and clogging pores, according to the Cleveland Clinic.
To keep the skin from getting dry, the skin makes oil in little wells called sebaceous glands that are found in the deeper layers of the skin. Whiteheads or blackheads are clogged sebaceous glands. Blackheads are not caused by dirt blocking the pores, but rather by oxidation . People with acne have glands that make more oil and are more easily plugged, causing the glands to swell, explains Adnan Mir, MD, Committee Chair for the Society for Pediatric Dermatology, Assistant Professor at New York Medical College, and dermatopathologist at Dermpath Diagnostics in Port Chester, New York.
Stopping Treatment When Acne Is Gone
Keep in mind that OTC acne treatments dont cure acne. They do a good job of controlling symptoms, including breakouts, but your pimples will return if you quit using your treatment once your skin is clear.
The trick is finding your skins balance. Too much product, as we have said, will overshoot you back into skin problems. Quitting product use will eventually see you move back to where you were.
Choose a high-quality product, use it appropriately, and you will reap the rewards again and again.
Accutane, a type of treatment well look at a bit later, is something of an exception, but not everyone can use it.
Accutane For Acne Treatment
This is a medication which is only really used when it comes to the treatment of cystic acne. It is never recommended for treating mild acne as using cannon to kill an ant isnt really a good idea.
Even in case of severe cystic acne, your Derm will prescribe accutane only when all types of;acne treatment products have completely failed.
Accutane works by trying to decrease the amount of sebum i.e. oil, that your skin is producing. By reducing the amount of sebum produced, it can work to ensure that your pores do not become overly blocked which, ultimately, will keep the acne at bay.
- This is a very effective medication. It is often used as a last resort in only serious cases of cystic acne. Those that use this medication will find that it clears up their symptoms pretty quickly.
- As a strong medication, there are a few downsides to using it. For pregnant women, it can cause birth defects.
Due to the amount of oil being produced by your skin falling, there is a good chance that the medication will cause your skin to dry out which, in some cases, may cause your acne to worsen. As a result, you may be asked to use a moisturizer with this product. In addition to this, some people may suffer from nose bleeds or stomach pain when taking this medication.
Because of these potential side-effects, it is of tremendous importance that you take accutane under an experts supervision.
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Know The Main Causes Of Acne
There are a few things to keep in mind while youre choosing an acne treatment thats right for you including the fact that acne is not the same for every man.
There are in total of four recognized root causes of acne. It is these four causes which are the targets of all modern remedies and treatments.
Increased sebum production
For us men, this can more often than not be the driver of our acne. Both the production and secretion of sebum are increased by androgen hormones you might recognize the most well-known one testosterone. Research has shown that having more secreted sebum directly correlates with both the severity and occurrence of acne lesions.
For guys, this means that sebum control should be at the top of your skincare priority list. Of course, if you know that you suffer from overly dry skin, then sebum production isnt something you need to worry about.
Increased bacterial growth
It may be surprising to know, but there isnt much of a difference between the bacteria found in healthy skin and the bacteria found within acne. The main type of bacteria that causes problems, P.acnes, is an anaerobe, which means it thrives in conditions without oxygen.
This includes oily skin as well as skin with regularly applied products like skin cream, moisturizer, and makeup. The first step then in preventing and limiting bacterial growth is reducing clogged skin with regular washing and cleansing.
Excess skin growth and loss
The Complete Guide To Prescription Acne Medication
Medically reviewed by Patrick Carroll, MD
Dealing with acne can be a stressful, challenging experience. Most people develop acne in their teens, usually due to a combination of excess skin sebum and inflammation of the skin and hair follicles.;
While most peoples acne disappears on its own over time, many people experience persistent, problematic acne that can stick around for years at a time. For some of these people, prescription acne medication is the most viable answer.
Some people even develop cystic acne painful, red acne breakouts that are caused by infected and inflamed pores.
There are numerous acne treatments on the market, ranging from over-the-counter creams and facial washes, to powerful prescription medicine aimed at controlling the development of acne at its source.
Most of the time, doctors will suggest prescription acne medication to treat severe or persistent cases of acne, where over-the-counter products like skin creams, facial washes and gels simply arent effective.
Below, weve listed and compared the most widely used prescription acne medicines on the market. Weve also explained the potential benefits and side effects of todays most popular prescription acne medications to help you better understand how each treatment works.
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Does Being Clean Prevent Acne
Although skin suffering from acne can appear greasy and dirty, especially if there are many blackheads, this doesnt mean the skin has been left unwashed. It is the sebum from the skin which have become blocked in your pores.
When exposed to air, this can then turn into a blackhead. Remember that overwashing in an attempt to stay clean will likely aggravate the skin and increase irritation.
The Best Acne Spot Treatments According To Dermatologists
Sudden breakouts are;incredibly frustrating.;And even;if you eat a healthy diet, wear makeup that won’t clog your pores, change your pillowcase regularly, and use;acne-fighting;skincare products;, you can still wake up to the unpleasant discovery that a pimple has pushed its way to the surface of your skin.
The good news: Topical spot treatments can quickly and effectively aid in the skin’s healing process, shrinking existing pimples and preventing acne scars from forming. But with so many products on the market, it can be difficult to figure out which zit-zapping formulas are the most effective, so we turned to skincare professionals to get their expert opinions. Here, six powerful acne spot treatments that dermatologists swear by.
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Known Side Effects Of Acne Medications
Medicated Creams:;All prescribed pimple treatment medicines are certified and dermatologically approved. But, every type of treatment will come with its own set of pros and cons.
- They unclog pores, and they are good for treating blackheads and whiteheads.
- They can make pores appear smaller.
- Anti-acne topical creams can also be used as an anti-ageing treatment.
- The antibiotic present in the creams helps kill bacteria which aids in keeping the acne under control.
- There can be dryness and some amount of flaking. However, this is easily reversible by applying a gel-based moisturizer.
- Sensitive skin can develop an allergic reaction. If the cream is unsuitable, you can always opt for another anti-acne cream.
- It helps with hormonal acne and cystic acne .
- Oral medicine is beneficial when it comes to body acne like acne flares on your back.
- It shows faster and more efficient results.
- Allergy is the most prevalent side effect. It can cause rashes and bumpy red skin to a life-threatening allergic reaction. Ask for another type of medicine if you develop an allergy.
- It can make your skin photosensitive . Try taking the pill in the evening as opposed to the morning; this will reduce the chances of sunburn.
- Anti-acne oral medication can cause gastrointestinal disturbances. Constipation or diarrhoea, nausea, and flatulence are some of the symptoms.
Claridad Glycolic Acid Exfoliating Acne Face Wash
One of the most prescribed products by dermatologists, this glycolic face wash from Claridad is suitable for all skin types and offers many benefits for controlling teenage acne. It is a great face cleanser for acne-prone skin and can be used for cleansing even the most sensitive skin. It cleans the pores and removes excess oil, dirt, and sebum trapped inside the pores to help your skin breathe properly. The main ingredients of this face wash include glycolic acid and yucca extracts. These ingredients reduce dark spots and control acne breakouts to give you a healthy and clean skin every time you use it. It also works on fine lines and uneven skin along with providing all the benefits of a chemical peel without any side-effects. The formula of this face wash is natural and does not contain parabens. This face wash provides visible results in terms of acne control in just two weeks of regular usage. It comes in a convenient bottle packaging with a flip-open cap. The price is a little high for the quantity but one bottle lasts for at least 2-3 months if used regularly so the price is justified.PROS:
- Is very gentle yet effective in controlling acne and keeps the skin clean and smooth.
- Works on uneven skin, fine lines, acne marks, and dark sports and reduces then gradually.
- Gives visible results just after two weeks of usage and one bottle lasts for a really good time.
- Gives all the benefits of a chemical peel without any side-effects and is suitable for all skin types.
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Ask Your Doctor For Samples
Many dermatologists have medication samples they can give to patients. Sometimes finding the best acne treatments involves some trial and error. You may have to try a few medications before finding the right one. Your doctor may be able to give you a few months worth of medication to try it before you commit to paying for it.
Oral Contraceptives For Acne In Women
Oral contraceptives may be an ideal choice for women with acne that comes and goes with their monthly cycle and for those who need a form of birth control anyway.
But you don’t necessarily need these specific brands. Birth control pills have been prescribed off-label to treat acne for many years. Most doctors agree nearly any formulation will give the same effect.
You’ll also likely need a topical acne medication to use alongside oral contraceptives.
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Best Acne Face Wash: Skinceuticals Lha Cleansing Gel
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This is one product derm Jennifer MacGregor, M.D. regularly uses in the morning. This gentle glycolic acid-based cleanser is ideal if you have oily skin and are susceptible to getting blocked pores, she says. Use it in the morning, and follow up with a light oil-free sunscreen moisturizer, she recommends.
Who Needs Prescription Medication
Acne treatment usually includes a combination of different medications. This can include over-the-counter ones, prescription ones, or both.
Which medications your doctor recommends depends on what type of acne you have and how severe it is. The main types of acne are comedonal, inflammatory, and hormonal, but many people have a combination of more than one type.
Here is an overview of how dermatologists treat acne.
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Acne Treatments That Really Work According To Dermatologists
When it comes to finding the right acne treatments, there are a million products out thereand theyre not all created equal. From acne washes to creams and spot treatments, the options can be overwhelming, making it impossible to tell which is truly the best acne treatment for you.
Even more frustrating? The fact that were still dealing with acne at all. Seriously, we thought the breakouts would be over soon after AP Calculus. But adult acne is a thing, and its actually something that can affect people in their 20s and 30s, and even well past their 50s.
And if you thought blackheads and whiteheads were annoying, the deep painful pimples that often pop up in adult acne are much more aggravatingand harder to get rid of. We talked to dermatologists to find out which acne treatments are the most effective on all types of pimples. Keep reading to learn what causes acne in the first place, plus the best acne treatments and acne medications worth spending your hard-earned dollars on.
Who Can Treat Back Acne At Home
You may see clearer skin from treating it yourself if you:
Have a few blemishes on your back
Developed back acne recently
Have a mix of whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples on your back, but nothing thats painful or goes deep into the skin
Anyone who has deep, painful acne on their back will need a dermatologists help.
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How They Work
Antibiotics work by several mechanisms. The most important mechanism is the decrease in the number of bacteria in and around the follicle. Antibiotics also work by reducing the irritating chemicals produced by white blood cells. Finally, antibiotics reduce the concentration of free fatty acids in the sebum, also reducing the inflammatory response.
How To Use It
Its important to note that applying apple cider vinegar to your skin can cause burns and irritation. If you choose to try it, use it in small amounts and dilute it with water.
The organic acids in apple cider vinegar may help kill acne-causing bacteria and reduce the appearance of scars. Applying it to the skin may cause burns or irritation, so it should be used carefully.
Zinc is an essential nutrient thats important for cell growth, hormone production, metabolism, and immune function.
Its relatively well studied compared with other natural treatments for acne.
Research indicates that people with acne tend to have lower levels of zinc in their blood than those with clear skin .
Several studies have also shown that taking zinc orally may help reduce acne.
For example, a 2014 review found that zinc is more effective at treating severe and inflammatory acne than treating moderate acne .
The optimal dosage of zinc for acne has not been established, but several older studies have observed a significant reduction in acne using 3045 mg of elemental zinc per day .
Elemental zinc refers to the amount of zinc thats present in the compound. Zinc is available in many forms, and they contain varying amounts of elemental zinc.
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How To Get Better Results
Your dermatologist might advice any of the procedure
- Drainage And Acne Extraction ;Acne extraction is a treatment when the dermatologist drains and extracts pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. The pores are cleaned from dirt, pus, dead skin, and fluids. This helps to reduce acne and infection. Antibiotics or steroids can be injected to reduce the risk of scarring and to speed up healing.
- Laser Therapy ;Laser light has shown a positive effect in reducing bacterial growth as well healing acne scars. It also helps with acne infection.
- Chemical Peels & Microdermabrasion ;Both treatments remove the upper layer of skin, thereby getting rid of dead skin, blackheads, and whiteheads. Again, they are efficient at eliminating acne scars and reducing dark pigmentation.
Fresh Umbrian Clay Pore Purifying Face Mask $25+
While this product is technically a face mask, Marino likes to use it in specific areas on the face for strategic spot treatment.
I love this mask used as a spot treatment for deep cysts or inflammatory spots, Marino told The Post. This mineral-rich mask features Umbrian clay to help balance and purify the skin while chamomile helps to soothe, calm and reduce redness in the skin caused by breakouts.
The mini size is available for $25 but if you fall in love with the product, you can also grab the full-size tub for $58.
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