Treatments For Comedonal Acne
Fortunately, comedonal acne is much easier to treat compared to more severe forms of acne, such as painful cysts and nodules . With the right acne treatment products and a few key ingredients, getting rid of blackheads and whiteheads can be relatively fast and simple.
Salicylic AcidOne of the best ways to treat comedonal acne is by using Salicylic Acid to zap blackheads and whiteheads fast. Salicylic Acid is a particularly powerful acne-fighting ingredient due to its natural exfoliating abilities and comedolytic properties.
Although it doesnt hurt to include this ingredient in your facial wash, Salicylic Acid is most effective in an acne cream that you leave on your skin. This gives the ingredient time to sink into the skin and work its magic.
RetinoidsRetinoids are used for more than just combating fine lines and wrinkles. Retinoids such as tretinoin have also been shown to have comedolytic properties, making them yet another effective acne treatment option. According to a 2017 study published in Dermatology and Therapy, retinoids are also a relatively underutilized acne treatment option, with only 58 percent of dermatologists prescribing them for acne patients
ExfoliationIf you dont already use a facial scrub, now is a good time to start. Exfoliating regularly will prevent dead skin cell buildup that leads to clogged hair follicles and comedonal acne.
A Brief Note From The Dermo Lab
While comedonal acne is not as noticeable or bothersome as other types of acne, it can still be a concern. This is completely understandable, which is why its best to keep it under control while its still relatively mild.
Ultimately, youll want to treat your acne appropriately overtreatment can be just as bad for your skin as undertreatment.
If left untreated, comedonal acne can turn into a more severe breakout and become more difficult to handle. Treatments can take some time to work, so be patient and talk to your doctor or dermatologist if you have any questions or concerns.
Manual Extraction Of Comedones
Mechanical extractions of comedones with your hands or a metal tool is not the best idea for most peoples. It can damage the skin barrier and results in more acne breakouts. That said, if you choose to extract your comedones manually, you should do it after a warm shower or bath. The warm water will soften your skin, and steam will help open pores to make the extraction easier and less traumatic to your skin.
How to extract :
Pink clay mask:
One great way to extract comedones and make enlarged pores look smaller is by adding a clay mask to your skincare routine , such as the Clarifying Pink Clay Mask with Australian Pink Clay. Clay masks absorb the âdirtâ and sebum from enlarged skin oil glands, thereby reducing pores’ size.
BlackheadsThe best and safest way to extract blackheads removal strips from MDacne. You can buy these at most drug stores.
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What Is The Treatment For Acne
The treatment of acne is aimed at attacking one or more of the underlying pathogenic factors contributing to its development. Some of the most common and effective treatments are topical therapies. These include retinoid , benzyl peroxide, topical antibiotics, azelaic or salicylic acid, or combinations thereof. Topical retinoids are particularly effective for comedonal acne. Common side effects of these medications are dryness and irritation of the skin, which can be improved by changing the dosing, or formulation of the topical medication or even adding an oil-free moisturizer to the skin care regimen. For more inflamed or severe acne, systemic medications like antibiotics may be helpful. These both act through anti-inflammatory as well as antibiotic effects. Certain oral contraceptives or other hormonal therapies may be used in women whose acne tends to flare according to their menstrual cycle. Lastly, isotretinoin is an effective systemic retinoid medication that is used for severe nodulocystic or recalcitrant acne. Other available treatments include extraction, injection of steroids into inflamed lesions, photodynamic therapy, or chemical peels. There are also many options for the management of scarring or dark spots resulting from resolved acne lesions.
More information may be found at the following websites:
Topical Treatments For Closed Comedones
While a variety of treatments are available to combat closed comedonesfrom prescription oral medications and antibiotics to comedone extraction for persistent whiteheadsin most cases, OTC topicals can eliminate closed comedones. These topical treatments are available as gels, creams, lotions and washes.
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Closed Comedones: What They Are And How To Treat Them
- Commonly known as whiteheads, closed comedones are mild acne lesions caused by a buildup of oil and dead skin.
- There are many factors that contribute to the formation of whiteheads including hormones, diet and certain medications.
- Over-the-counter topical treatments, such as benzoyl peroxide, are typically effective enough to prevent and treat whiteheads.
Closed comedones, or whiteheads, are small bumps that usually develop in areas where pores are largest and most densely concentrated such as the face, shoulders and neck. They are common, mild, noninflammatory acne lesions that can affect people of all ages and skin types.
Charcoal Or Clay Masks
With comedonal acne, charcoal and clay masks work better than other formulations because they help dry out trapped sebum in your pores. They can even help get rid of trapped dirt and skin cells, making blackhead removal easier.
The best approach to comedonal acne is to try to prevent it altogether. Lifestyle habits can help complement any treatments your healthcare provider recommends.
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What Causes Comedonal Acne
Typically adults with oily skin are more prone to comedonal acne. According to Healthline, its also more common to appear on people who smoke. Sometimes comedonal acne is the result of genetics or hormones , or from skincare and beauty products. It can also be caused by diet, like high dairy consumption or a diet that consists of a lot of fats and sugars. High humidity, chemical peels, and over picking your face are also reasons why you might spot those bumps on your chin and forehead.
If you notice you have comedonal acne predominantly around your chin and jawline, this could be an indication that theyre a result of a potential hormonal imbalance. Pregnant women may notice this type of acne as they progress in their pregnancy as the hormones increase in the body.
How To Treat Closed Comedones
We all want that flawless, glowing skin.
Unfortunately, blemished skin is a reality for most of us.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, acne is the most common skin condition in the US with 50 million Amercans affected each year.
And if you are one of the masses, you know first hand that acne comes in all forms.
There is the noninflammatory acne that is characterized by comedones. And then there are the inflammatory varieties that include papules, pustules, nodules and cysts.
Some people have cystic acne, some experience nodules and some people have acne caused by hormones. Even more types of acne include acne vulgaris, acne mechanica, acne conglobata, or nodulocystic acne.
We are going to narrow the scope a bit today and only talking about one very specific type: Comedonal acne.
Comedones are common, and people of all ages can have them. They can be open or closed, and there are different ways to treat them as well as a variety of ways to prevent them. If youre tired of living with yours, heres how to treat closed comedones.
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Can Comedonal Acne Be Prevented
Comedonal acne is very much preventable. With the right tips, you can forestall comedones. Follow these dermatologist-verified tips given by Dr. Ajay Rana to prevent the breakout of Comedones acne:
- Wash your face only twice daily. Daily cleansing of skin can cause irritation and make the skin dried and inflamed.
- Remove your makeup before going to sleep. Sleeping with makeup can cause the blockage of skin pores. To remove the makeup, always use non-alcohol makeup remover to avoid any kind of irritation.
- Use skin care products that are non-comedogenic. These are non-oily moisturizers, cleansers, and skincare cosmetics that help to prevent pore blockage.
- Dont let perspiration and oil stay for a longer duration on the skin. Always take a shower and immediately rehydrate your skin with a light, oil-free moisturizer.
Over The Counter Topicals
Some common over the counter medications include non-antibiotic topical treatments such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and azelaic acid.
Benzoyl peroxide is a mild antimicrobial, and is shown to not be affected by mutated strains, no concentration of benzoyl peroxide has been proven the most effective in treating comedonal acne.
Salicylic acid can be used to treat comedonal acne as its mild antimicrobial properties can prevent an increase in the severity of the acne, it also serves as an anti-inflammatory which prevents the development of severe acne from comedones. However, in the treatment of comedones, salicylic acid is most useful in increasing the shedding of dead skin cells, which prevents the clogging of hair follicles.
Azelaic acid should also be considered for over the counter treatments due to its slightly antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties as well as it comedone prevention properties .
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Comedonal Acne: Causes And Risk Factors
Comedonal acne is caused when the sebaceous ducts are blocked with dirt, debris, and sebum. While anyone can get comedonal acne at any point in time, certain factors increase the risk:
- Dairy consumption may cause acne .
- Diet with a high glycemic index/glycemic load may aggravate acne . Consuming foods that contain a lot of sugar and fat may cause breakouts.
- Some believe overhydration may also cause acne. Your skin may get overhydrated due to humid conditions or from excessive use of moisturizers.
- Smoking may also cause acne and breakouts .
- Using excessive makeup, oily skincare products, and hair pomades may cause acne.
- Genetics may also be a factor behind comedonal acne. If it runs in your family, you are most likely to get it.
- Squeezing the existing comedones and excess use of abrasive skin products may also aggravate your condition and cause comedonal acne.
Apart from blackheads and whiteheads , there are several other types of comedones.
Tips To Prevent Closed Comedones
In addition to avoiding common comedone causes, applying topical ointments and taking any oral medications prescribed by your dermatologist, there are additional steps you can take to prevent closed comedones from forming:
- Use oil-free makeup to minimize pore clogging
- Wash affected areas twice a day with a mild or medicated cleanser
- Exfoliate affected areas twice a week to remove dead skin
- Wash hair regularly to avoid the spread of oil and debris to the face
Speak with your dermatologist to learn more about preventing closed comedones and other types of acne.
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Closed Comedones Vs Open Comedones
Both closed and open comedones form in much the same way. Following a clogged pore, sebum is unable to reach the surface of the skin and builds up, attracting bacteria.
Where the two types of comedones differ is in the bodys response. A closed comedo is formed when skin grows over a plug when skin does not envelop the blockage, it is referred to as an open comedo. Open comedones, also known as blackheads, are exposed to the air, which oxidizes the clog and darkens its color.
Q How To Use Retinol For Comedonal Acne
A. Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives that can help faster skin cell turnover, boost cell metabolism, and control inflammation to continually heal and repair acne-damaged skin. Retinols should be used under the careful guidance of a dermatologist as mixing it with other topicals like benzoyl peroxide and salicylic can be too irritating for the skin. However, these topicals can be used in separate skincare routines, with retinol recommended to be used at night for better absorption and results.
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Comedonal Acne What Is It Causes And Treatment Tips
A Flawless skin is the dream of every woman. We all love our skin and maintain it in every possible way. But sometimes proper maintenance can be difficult, especially when we have acne on our skin. Even after taking all care there can still be acne breakout. There are many types of acne. Comedonal acne is that which occurs on our forehead and the chin. We call them blackheads, white heads and acne.
How To Treat Blackheads Whiteheads And Non
Casey Gallagher, MD, is board-certified in dermatology. He is a clinical professor at the University of Colorado in Denver, and co-founder and practicing dermatologist at the Boulder Valley Center for Dermatology in Colorado.
Even though they aren’t red and inflamed like your typical pimple, blackheads, and whiteheads can be just as annoying.
But comedonal acne, which is what we call the type of acne that is made up of mainly non-inflamed blemishes, can be cleared up. You just have to know the best way to treat it, and you have several different options.
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What Are The Different Types Of Comedones
) appear dark brown/black “dots” at the pore’s surface. Blackheads are often found on the nose and appear on other areas of the face and body.Whiteheads) are small, 1-2 mm “bumps” in the skin. Whiteheads are located deeper in the pore, with only a microscopic opening to the skin surface. Since the air cannot reach the follicle, the material is not oxidized and remains white or has the appearance of being “closed.”
What Are The Treatment Options For Comedones
The best way to treat comedones is with topical treatments containing benzoyl peroxide or a topical retinoid . Opt for a cleanser, moisturizer, and treatment cream for spot treatment.
There are plenty of excellent over-the-counter options that work for mild to moderate acne or occasional outbreaks available at any local drugstore or pharmacy. The most common side effects are skin dryness and irritation, associated often with overuse .
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Prescription Medications For Stubborn Or Severe Cases
If OTC products just aren’t cutting it, or if your breakouts are more severe, you’ll want a prescription medication. Not only are the ingredients above available in prescription-strength, but there are a few other options, too.
- Topical retinoids are considered very effective at treating comedonal acne. They also have the added benefit of smoothing and softening the skin and are great anti-agers.
- Azelaic acid isn’t prescribed as often as topical retinoids, but it’s still a good option for treating non-inflamed blemishes.
- Isotretinoin, because it slows down oil production, can also improve comedonal acne. This medication is only prescribed in very severe cases, and when no others have worked.
What Are Closed Comedones
A closed comedo forms when a pore becomes blocked by dead skin cells or other debris. Sebum, a naturally occurring oily substance that moisturizes skin, normally reaches the skins surface through pores.
With the pores blocked by debris, sebum builds up and hardens, attracting a bacteria known as Propionibacterium acnes. The skin may respond to this influx of bacteria by growing over the plug and creating an airtight pocket of skin filled with P. acnes, known as a closed comedo.
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Recommended Treatments For Comedones
- Vitamin A derivatives
- Alpha Hydroxy Acids
- Beta Hydroxy Acids
- Azelaic Acid
- Benzoyl Peroxide
One thing all our experts agree on? Comedonal acne is best treated with topical vitamin A derivatives, like prescription retinoids and over-the-counter retinols. I think of as pipe cleaners for your skin, says Joshua Zeichner, MD, a board certified dermatologist and director of cosmetic and clinical research in dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. At the same time, they help reduce inflammation.
Dr. Gohara, for one, is a fan of over-the-counter Differin and prescription Retin-A and Tazorac. Altreno is another prescription-strength option that is specifically formulated for sensitive skin. While many vitamin A derivatives can be irritating, Altreno contains hydrating ingredients that reduce potential irritation, Dr. Zeichner says. On the OTC retinol front, Dr. Weiser recommends Skin Better AlphaRet Overnight Cream, Allies of Skin 1A Retinal + Peptides Overnight Mask, and SkinCeuticals Retinol 1.0.
If youre looking for cleaner formulas that are just as effective at eradicating non-inflammatory acne, try the Orveda Cleansing Bamboo & Enzymatic Water to remove makeup. The Susanne Kaufmann Tonic Clarifying, meanwhile, is a great pick to refresh the complexion and reduce inflammation. To finish off this clean routine, apply the African Botanics Neroli Infused Marula Oil morning and night to balance oily skin.
What Natural Remedies Are Available
Natural treatments are increasingly being investigated for all types of acne, including comedones. However, these arent a replacement for your healthcare provider-approved treatment plan.
Talk with your healthcare provider or dermatologist about your options for natural treatment and how to incorporate these remedies as a complementary therapy.
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Unfortunately Closed Comedones Can Become More Serious
Occasionally closed comedones go away on their own without much treatment. But generally they dont, Dr. Yang says. And even if they do, Dr. Conrad says it can take weeks or months. If they dont go away they can progress in the other direction, becoming red, painful, and more challenging to treat.
In fact, Dr Conrad refers to closed comedones as the first step toward inflammatory acneall it takes is a little additional stress for them to reach that state. That stress may come in the form of a hormonal surge, an increase in oil production, or a buildup of sweat and bacteria around the already clogged hair follicles.
Physically applying stress to closed comedones will have the same effect, Dr. Yang adds. Theyll become irritated, then inflamed, and eventually grow into red, tender-to-the-touch papules or pustules, Dr. Conrad says. If your acne starts to develop into cysts, which are set deeper into the skin and tend to be more painful, you should make an appointment with your derm, since cystic acne can easily lead to scarring.
Skipping exfoliation if youre prone to dead skin buildup or using too many drying products at once can also play a role in exacerbating preexisting closed comedones, Dr. Conrad says. But beyond that, these habits can even cause you to develop more later on.