Wednesday, September 28, 2022

How To Treat Child Acne

Acne Is Common In Teens And Kids But Face Breakouts Triggered By Wearing A Maskaka Maskneis On The Rise Experts Weigh In On Causes Treatment And How To Help Kids Through The Emotional Scars Acne Can Leave

Pregnancy Skin Care – Treat Acne | Parents
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For many kids heading into puberty, one of the most challenging hurdles is adapting to changes in their skin. During the pandemic, the issue has only become worse for many.

While mask wearing is effective in stopping the spread of COVID-19, it can lead to “maskne,” or mask-related acne. Whether you are prone to acne or not, wearing a mask for long periods of time can aggravate breakouts. A mix of stress and the humidity underneath a mask is a place where yeast and bacteria can thrive.

The good news is that acne, which is becoming more common between the ages of 7 and 12, is treatable. But it can cause a lot of heartache and even hurt a child’s self-esteem in the meantime. That’s why it’s important to understand what causes acne and how to best approach treatment for your kids.

Here’s your guide to treating your child’s acne.

The Best Treatments For Teen Acne According To Dermatologists

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If you made it through your teens without a breakout, consider yourself something of a unicorn. Acne, a skin disorder that primarily affects the face, shoulders, chest and back, plagues an estimated 80 percent of people between ages 11 and 30 at some point, according to The National Institutes for Health.

Fueled by fluctuating hormones that increase oil production , breakouts happen when that oil combines with dead skin cells, trapping bacteria, causing inflammation and clogging pores, according to the Cleveland Clinic.

To keep the skin from getting dry, the skin makes oil in little wells called sebaceous glands that are found in the deeper layers of the skin. Whiteheads or blackheads are clogged sebaceous glands. Blackheads are not caused by dirt blocking the pores, but rather by oxidation . People with acne have glands that make more oil and are more easily plugged, causing the glands to swell, explains Adnan Mir, MD, Committee Chair for the Society for Pediatric Dermatology, Assistant Professor at New York Medical College, and dermatopathologist at Dermpath Diagnostics in Port Chester, New York.

Key Points About Acne

  • Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands.
  • Acne may happen when the pores gets clogged with dead skin cells and oil. Bacteria that are normally on the skin may also get into the clogged pore.
  • Most teens and young adults between 11 and 30 years old will have acne at some point.
  • Both over-the-counter and prescription medicines are available to treat acne.
  • Acne can have an emotional effect. This can lead to depression, anxiety, and even suicidal thoughts.
  • Scarring can result from severe or long-term acne.

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Things You Can Try If You Have Acne

These self-help techniques may be useful:

  • Do not wash affected areas of skin more than twice a day. Frequent washing can irritate the skin and make symptoms worse.
  • Wash the affected area with a mild soap or cleanser and lukewarm water. Very hot or cold water can make acne worse.
  • Do not try to “clean out” blackheads or squeeze spots. This can make them worse and cause permanent scarring.
  • Avoid using too much make-up and cosmetics. Use water-based products that are described as non-comedogenic. This means the product is less likely to block the pores in your skin.
  • Completely remove make-up before going to bed.
  • If dry skin is a problem, use a fragrance-free water-based emollient.
  • Regular exercise cannot improve your acne, but it can boost your mood and improve your self-esteem. Shower as soon as possible once you finish exercising as sweat can irritate your acne.
  • Wash your hair regularly and try to avoid letting your hair fall across your face.

Although acne cannot be cured, it can be controlled with treatment.

If you develop mild acne, it’s a good idea to speak to a pharmacist for advice.

Several creams, lotions and gels for treating spots are available to buy from pharmacies.

Products containing a low concentration of benzoyl peroxide may be recommended, but be careful as this can bleach clothing.

If your acne is severe or appears on your chest and back, it may need to be treated with antibiotics or stronger creams that are only available on prescription.

Why Do So Many Kids Get Acne

Baby Acne: What Causes Them And How You Can Prevent

Kids get acne because of hormone changes that come with puberty. If your parent had acne as a teen, it’s likely that you will too. Stress may make acne worse, because when you’re stressed, your pores may make more sebum. Luckily, for most people, acne gets better by the time they’re in their twenties.

Also Check: How To Prevent Acne Before It Starts

How Do You Treat Acne In Toddlers

Acne does not need treatment in toddlers. It is a self-limiting condition and resolves by itself. It might be required only in a few rare cases. Establishing the cause of acne is essential in designing the treatment plan. The doctor will identify the underlying cause and suggest treatment accordingly. The following is the commonly proposed treatment plan for acne in toddlers .

  • Topical application of benzoyl peroxide might be recommended.
  • Application of topical antibiotic ointments such as erythromycin might help in treating acne.
  • If the topical application does not help, the doctor might prescribe oral antibiotics like erythromycin, trimethoprim, etc.

The doctor will plan the acne treatment only on the basis of the underlying pathology. If some hormonal issues are suspected, then the endocrinologist will plan the treatment accordingly.

How Is Baby Acne Treated

Baby acne usually disappears without treatment.

Some babies have acne that lingers for months instead of weeks. To treat this stubborn form of baby acne, your babys pediatrician may prescribe a medicated cream or ointment that helps clear up the acne.

Dont use OTC acne treatments, face washes, or lotions. Your babys skin is very sensitive at this young age. You might make the acne worse or cause additional skin irritation by using something thats too strong.

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Treatment For Acne At Nemours

Our pediatric dermatologists specialize in many different skin conditions. We take the time to listen to your childs concerns. Together we come up with a plan that fits their lifestyle.

We may use different medicines to treat acne, including creams that prevent pimples from forming. We may recommend antibiotics to kill bacteria that can cause outbreaks. We may also use stronger medicines or recommend minor procedures. Well talk about all your options and help you choose whats best for your child.

Natural Home Remedies For Acne

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Parents may consider natural home remedies to reduce acne and improve the childâs skin. The following are some natural home remedies for acne. There is no scientific evidence to back these remedies. Therefore, it is best to speak to a dermatologist before trying any of them.

  • Aloe vera gel: It is a natural product that soothes the skin and acts as an oil-free moisturizer. You may apply it to acne once a day.
  • Honey: It has natural antibacterial properties. You may apply honey to the childâs affected skin once a day.
  • Steam: Steam opens the pores, removes dead cells, and moisturizes the skin. Make sure you supervise the child when they take steam to prevent any accidental burns.
  • Garlic: It is rich in antioxidants and is considered an antiseptic. You may apply a small quantity of fresh garlic paste to the acne, leave it for a few minutes, and wash it with water.
  • Apple cider vinegar: It is known for its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Dilute a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in 200ml of water. Soak a cotton ball and apply it to the affected skin. Rinse with plain water.
  • Cucumber: Cucumber has high moisture content and is considered to have anti-inflammatory properties. You can blend cucumber into a paste and apply it to the affected skin for a few minutes each day.
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    What Is Baby Acne

    As noted above, baby acne is a harmless and very common condition among infants that closely resembles acne in teenagers or adults.

    The American Academy of Dermatology divides acne into two categories:

    • Newborn acne . This affects 20 percent of newborns and typically develops between the ages of two and six weeks. In some cases, a baby may be born with acne.
    • Infantile acne. This condition typically arises between the ages of three and six months. This type of acne may be slightly more complicated than newborn acne. In some cases, parents may mistake another condition for baby acne. For these reasons, its a good idea to consult your pediatrician or a pediatric dermatologist if your child develops acne after the age of three months.

    Just like in older populations, newborn acne manifests as breakouts on a babys skin. Most commonly, these breakouts will show up on a newborns cheeks, nose, and/or forehead. They tend to look like small red or white bumps, and the skin around these bumps may appear reddish. The acne may become more inflamed when your baby is fussing or crying. In some cases, baby acne may appear on the back, scalp, chest, or other parts of the body.

    How long does baby acne last?

    While it can be a little alarming to see breakouts on your infants face or body, its helpful to remember that newborn acne is generally a harmless and temporary condition. The acne will typically clear up on its own within a few weeks or months, and it rarely causes scarring.

    Treatment Of Acne In Children

    The treatment of acne in children will depend on the severity of acne, the childâs age, and if the child has any medical condition. Mild acne may not require any treatment. Acne due to a medical condition or medication is usually cured when the underlying cause is addressed.

    Severe preadolescent acne due to hormonal changes may require treatment. The treatment options are similar for children and adults.

    The following are the different types of treatment options for acne .

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    Tips For Managing Teen Acne

    Acne is a common condition faced by many teenagers. Although most teens will have acne at some point, your teen still may be embarrassed by it. As a parent or guardian, it is important to take your teen’s feelings about acne seriously. Acne can cause low self-esteem and lead to distress in teens. Helping your teen with acne management can make this time less stressful and decrease the long-term effects of acne.

    You and your teen can follow these 13 tips to help manage or eliminate acne:

    1. Have your teen use over-the-counter acne products, and wash problem areas with a gentle cleanser twice daily.

    Look for products that contain topical benzoyl peroxide as the main active ingredient. Apply cleanser with fingertips, and rinse skin with lukewarm water.

    2. After washing the skin, treat with a topical product containing adapelene.

    Adapelene is helpful in unclogging pores and preventing new breakouts. A pea-sized amount should be applied to the entire face, avoiding easily irritated areas, such as the eyes and mouth. It also can be applied to the chest and back, if needed.

    3. Avoid facial scrubs, astringents and facial cleanser masks, as well as excessive scrubbing and washing.

    This can irritate the skin and worsen acne.

    4. Remind your teen to use acne treatment, but only remind them occasionally.

    A small study shows that fewer reminders from parents are more effective than reminding your child each day, which can be viewed as nagging.

    5. Do not touch or pick at problem areas.

    Treatment For Severe Cystic Or Inflammatory Acne

    Treatment and Help for Baby Acne

    Isotretinoin , an oral drug, may be prescribed for individuals with severe, cystic, or inflammatory acne that cannot be effectively treated by other methods to prevent extensive scarring. Isotretinoin reduces the size of the sebaceous glands that produce the skin oil, increases skin cell shedding, and affects the hair follicles, thereby reducing the development of acne lesions. Isotretinoin can clear acne in 85 percent of patients. However, the drug has major unwanted side effects, including psychiatric side effects. It is very important to discuss this prescription medication with your child’s primary care provider.

    Isotretinoin must not be taken by women who are pregnant or who are able to become pregnant, because there is a very high likelihood of birth defects occurring in babies whose mothers took the medication during pregnancy. Isotretinoin can also cause miscarriage or premature birth. Because of these effects and to minimize fetal exposure, isotretinoin is approved for marketing only under a special restricted distribution program approved by the FDA. This program is called iPLEDGE.

    The goal of the iPLEDGE program is to prevent pregnancies in females taking isotretinoin and to prevent pregnant females from taking isotretinoin. Requirements of the iPLEDGE program include:

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    How Is Infantile Acne Treated

    Although most cases of infantile acne resolve over time, it might be necessary for your doctor to prescribe medication.

    Products containing benzoyl peroxide or topical retinoids are often prescribed for mild to moderate cases of infantile acne. Theyre usually applied directly to your baby’s skin.

    Antibiotics are prescribed for mild acne that is inflammatory. The antibiotics come in the form of cream, and its applied to the skin. Antibiotics are used to treat severe acne too, but these are usually taken by mouth. Multiple medications may be prescribed at once.

    What Is The Strongest Acne Medication

    Working with your dermatologist to develop a treatment plan that meets your specific needs is critical. Isotretinoin is a powerful drug used to treat the most severe cases of acne. Your doctor may recommend this medicine if you have severe acne that doesnt go away with other medicines, including antibiotics. The drug is a derivative of vitamin A.

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    Treating Mild And Moderate Acne

    Mild Acne

    Over-the-counter topical medications may be all that is necessary. Many of these products contain resorcinol, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid and sulfur. These ingredients are responsible for:

    • Breaking down blackheads and whiteheads
    • Killing bacteria, slowing oil production and a peeling agent to clear pores
    • Fighting inflammation
    • If you have dry or irritated skin, creams work better.
    • If you have oily skin, they may prefer a gel-based acne product.
    • Treatment is best done at night and requires patience make sure to read instructions on the product package completely.
    • If the cream or gel treatment is not showing improvement, your doctor may prescribe oral antibiotics
    • It is important to take what the doctor prescribes for as long as it is prescribed.
    • A combination of treatments may be required to see what works and what doesnt work for each individual. Attention and patience is needed.
    • It may take six to 12 weeks to see results.

    Moderate Acne

    • Try an over-the-counter topical treatment first and if you dont see any improvement, contact your doctor.
    • You may need to use topical creams or gels for a long time and use antibiotics during acne flare-ups.
    • If you are on antibiotics, take what the doctor prescribes for as long as it is prescribed.
    • Some antibiotics have side effects or stain teeth, so check with your doctor or nurse practitioner about how to take the antibiotics and what the side effects are.

    What Can I Do About Acne

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    If you have acne, here are some ways to keep pimples away:


    • Wash your face gently with your hands once or twice a day with warm water and a mild soap or cleanser.
    • Don’t scrub your face. Scrubbing can actually make acne worse by irritating the skin.
    • If you wear makeup, be sure to wash it all off at the end of the day.
    • Wash your face after you’ve been exercising and sweating a lot.

    Treating Acne

    There are lotions and creams sold at drugstores that can help prevent acne and clear it up. Talk with your doctor about the choices.

    When you use a product for acne, be sure to follow the directions exactly. Try just a little bit at first to be sure that you’re not allergic to the cream or lotion. Don’t give up if you don’t see results the next day. Acne medicine can take weeks or months to work. Don’t use more than you’re supposed to because this can make your skin very red and very dry.

    Kids who have serious acne can get help from their doctor. Doctors can prescribe medicine thats stronger than what you can buy at the store.

    Other things to keep in mind:

    • Try not to touch your face.
    • Don’t pick, squeeze, or pop pimples.
    • If you have long hair, keep it away from your face and wash it regularly to reduce oil.
    • Baseball caps and other hats can cause pimples along the hairline. Avoid them if you think they are making your acne worse.

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    Experiment With Acne Medications

    Youve probably seen the Proactiv clear skin system advertised on television at some point over the last several years, but does it work? Proactiv is one of the better acne remedies out there for mild cases of inflammatory and noninflammatory acne, hormonal acne and adult acne. The starter kit comes with a gentle benzoyl peroxide exfoliating cleanser, a glycolic acid pore cleanser, and a benzoyl peroxide repairing treatment.

    Proactiv 3-step acne treatment system, from $33 for a 30-day starter kit,

    Another option is Clean & Clears Continuous Control Acne Cleanser, a 10 percent benzoyl peroxide facial cleanser, is one of the best face washes designed for everyday cleansing if you have acne. Add an oil-free facial sunscreen as well.

    Clean & Clear Continuous Control acne facial cleanser, from $9,

    You can also try e.l.f. brand Acne Fighting Foundation, which contains ingredients to both fight acne and soothe irritated skin, including salicylic acid, witch hazel, camphor, tea tree extract and aloe. This is one of the best acne products on the market for not only covering up acne, but continuing to treat it, as well.

    e.l.f Cosmetics Acne Fighting foundation, from $6,

    Our final suggestion is Effaclar Duo includes micronized benzoyl peroxide that gets at acne deep within the skin. The non-drying, oil-free product is good for moderate acne.

    La Roche Posay Effaclar Duo duel action acne treatment cream, from $20,

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