How Do I Know It’s Acne And Not Something Else
If you notice red bumps on your babys face or body after six weeks of age, you may be dealing with a skin infection, eczema, or cows milk allergy. Telltale signs of these conditions include inflammation and areas of dry or cracked skin, as well as extreme fussiness, excessive spit-up or even fever. The bumps may itch, ooze, and crust over, or feel like dry, scaly skin.
Rash-like red bumps could also be a reaction to an ointment or oil used in a skincare product youre using, while white bumps appearing on the forehead, cheeks or near your babys mouth are often confused with milia, dead skin cells trapped in small pockets on the skins surface. Similar to neonatal acne, milia will typically clear on their own within a matter of weeks.
To be sure, the AADA recommends a skin exam by a board-certified dermatologist and, in certain extreme circumstances, a blood test or x-ray to rule out any serious conditions.
Baby Skin Condition Allergic Reactions: Baby Hives And Contact Dermatitis
As babies find their way in the world they may come into contact with things that upset their skin, resulting in allergic reactions that can understandably panic parents. Here, we’ve considered two common baby skin conditions that are a result of an allergic reaction hives and contact dermatitis and how to treat them.
When To Seek Medical Advice
If your baby has a case of neonatal acne happening before six weeks, there shouldnt be a need to worry. You can follow some of the treatments above and it will no doubt run its course. But of course, always consult your pediatrician if youre in doubt.
Specialists recommend you seek medical advice if your baby develops acne after six weeks of age. This is generally to implement the right treatment to prevent scarring. Doctors will usually treat it with topical creams and oral medicines .
However, sometimes, infantile acne could be an indicator of a health issue in your baby. Your doctor might carry out blood tests or an X-ray to eliminate other conditions.
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Why Do Babies Grunt So Much
Most grunting is totally normal. These funny sounds are usually related to your babys digestion, and are a result of gas, pressure in the belly, or the production of a bowel movement. In the first few months of life, digestion is a new and difficult task. Many babies grunt from this mild discomfort.
Look Out For Infant Sunburn
The sun may feel great, but it could be exposing your baby’s skin to the risk of damaging sunburn. You can use baby sunscreen on infants at any age. Hats and umbrellas are also good ideas. But for the best protection from sunburn, keep your infant out of direct sunlight during the first 6 months of life. For mild infant sunburn, apply a cool cloth to your baby’s skin for 10-15 minutes a few times daily. For more severe sunburn, call your child’s pediatrician.
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Cradle Cap Treatment For Babies
Regular hair washing Wash your baby’s hair regularly with baby shampoo. Regular washing may stop cradle cap from forming.
Use oils Gently rub on baby oil or a vegetable oil into the scalp to soften the crusts.
Brush their hair regularly Brush your babys hair using a soft brush to remove the crusts after leaving oil on the area for a few hours.
We never really noticed Henrys cradle cap when he was a baby and just assumed it would clear up on its own, says mom, Louise.
But he was coming up to two years old and it was still there, so we started to pay it a bit more attention. I looked online and the main cradle cap treatment for babies recommended just gentle scrubbing in the bath and brushing out with a soft brush. Hes two now and still has it but its definitely fading off.
Take a look at our guide on newborn baby cradle cap for more in-depth advice.
Dress Your Baby Carefully
Babies have super delicate skin thats intolerant and easily irritated. This is normal and nothing to be concerned about. Just be sure to dress your baby in soft, loose-fitting clothing so that you dont cause their baby acne to flare up.
Its also best to use baby-friendly, hypoallergenic laundry detergents to wash your babys clothes, sheets, and blankets. This will protect your little ones skin from any irritating chemicals that ordinary detergents may contain.
For bedtime, try Mustelas Stelatopia Skin Soothing Pajamas to relieve skin discomfort. These pajamas will also reduce your little ones desire to pick at their acne. Youll be relieved knowing that your little one is clothed in material thats hypoallergenic, free of parabens and phenoxyethanol, and made with 100 percent natural ingredients.
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Topping And Tailing Your Baby Who Has Neonatal Acne
Hereâs a quick guide to cleaning your babyâs face and nappy area:
1)Undress your baby except for a vest and nappy and wrap him or her in a towel.2)Hold your baby facing you in your lap or place him or her on a changing mat. 3)Start with the eyelids: Wipe the eyelids with cotton wool thatâs been dipped into a bowl of lukewarm water. Use a fresh piece of cotton wool for each eye, and wipe from the nose outwards â donât use soap for the eye area. Also avoid using soap on any areas of dry skin or eczema.4)Do the same with the other parts of the face, neck, hands and around the ears, using a new piece of cotton wool for each area. You can use a mild soap as well as the water to gently cleanse the parts of the face affected by baby acne.5)Remove the nappy and wash the nappy area with some fresh cotton wool and lukewarm water.6)Dry your baby carefully and put on a clean nappy.
How To Differentiate Baby Acne From Eczema
Infantile acne is different from eczema, which is why it’s important to take your baby to a doctor if they develop redness after 6 weeks of age. That way a pediatrician can rule out any other skin or medical conditions.
One key difference between eczema and infantile acne is that eczema will not have any pustules. Instead, eczema will look like rough areas of dry, scaly, or inflamed patches of skin.
If your baby does have eczema, the treatment will be different, so it is important to determine the cause of your baby’s acne before getting treatment. “Eczema treatment requires thorough daily moisturizing and sometimes medicated creams which are different from topical medications used for acne,” Gagin says.
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Keep Your Baby Comfortable
Keeping your baby comfortable is an important step on the road to rash prevention and recovery. Tight, red, swollen, and itchy skin can make your baby unhappy and make it difficult for them to sleep and feed.
Here are some effective tips for keeping your little one comfortable while you treat their baby skin rash.
The Causes Of Cradle Cap
The exact causes of this condition are unknown. One of the possible causes is that the sebaceous glands of the babys scalp produce excess sebum.
Another possible cause, although not completely confirmed in children, could be the proliferation of some microorganisms that normally live on the skin. For example, of a type of yeast called Malassezia.
Another factor that may play a role is genetic predisposition. However, this possibility hasnt been studied sufficiently. In any case, this condition isnt contagious or dangerous, nor is it caused by allergies or poor hygiene.
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Cracked And Sore Nipples
Breast milk can also benefit you, mama! If you have cracked and sore nipples, try rubbing a few drops of breast milk into the affected area to help soften and ease the problem. However, make sure to see your doctor first if your nipple pain is caused by yeast or thrush, breast milk might make it worse since it has natural sugars. Make sure to eliminate these possibilities first.
When To See The Pediatrician About Baby Acne
Generally speaking, theres no need to see your pediatrician specifically for baby acne. If youre concerned about trying to prevent or get rid of baby acne on the face, or youre not sure whether its infant acne or something else, its never a bad idea to discuss it with babys pediatrician. It can be reassuring to find out exactly whats going on with babys skin and, in the case of baby acne, to hear directly from the doctor that its truly nothing to be concerned about.
About the experts:
Katie Pyle, DO, is a pediatrician at UCHealth Pediatric Care Clinic in Firestone, Colorado, with a clinical interest in newborn care. She earned her medical degree from Lincoln Memorial University-DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine.
Meagan ONeill, MD, is a pediatrician with Riley Childrens Health in Indianapolis. She earned her medical degree from Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis.
Omar Baker, MD, FAAP, is an assistant clinical professor in the department of pediatrics at Columbia University and co-president of Riverside Medical Group in Northern New Jersey. He earned his medical degree from George Washington University.
Please note: The Bump and the materials and information it contains are not intended to, and do not constitute, medical or other health advice or diagnosis and should not be used as such. You should always consult with a qualified physician or health professional about your specific circumstances.
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Heres When To Take Your Baby To The Doctor
If your baby is really uncomfortable, , you might want to consult with their pediatrician, who might recommend a visit to an allergist or dermatologist to help ease the itch and identify the real issue behind Babyâs skin irritation. Itâs also important to look for lesions: âKeep an eye out for a potential skin infection â look for red streaks, pus, yellow scabs or an open wound/lesion,â advises Dr. Agarwal. Your pediatrician might recommend anti-itch medications or even an antihistamine to help soothe the suffering.
Seeing your babyâs sweet skin covered in bumps might be a bummer, but know that itâs not permanent. Speak with your pediatrician to confirm if itâs baby acne or eczema, and then seek the proper treatment. That way, their skin will be beautiful â and not bumpy.
Poole, C., McNair, V. âInfantile Acneâ 2021.
Barnetson, R., Rogers, M. âChildhood Atopic Eczemaâ 2002.
Dr. Mona Amin, MD, a board-certified general pediatrician
Dr. Alison Mitzner, MD, a pediatrician and author of Calm and Confident Parenting
Avoid Irritating Your Babys Skin Rash
This may seem somewhat obvious, but your baby will be much more comfortable if you dont irritate their skin rash. How can you avoid bothering your little ones rash? Follow these tips:
- Keep your baby out of direct sunlight, as the suns UV rays can cause dryness and further irritate the rash.
- Be extremely gentle with the affected area of your babys skin, and dont rub, stretch, or scratch the rash itself.
- Always use gentle cleansers when bathing your baby, and apply baby-friendly soothing creams and lotions to keep your little ones skin moisturized.
These three basic steps will go a long way toward keeping your baby comfortable while they recover from their skin rash.
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Pat Your Baby Dry After A Bath
Towels can be notoriously coarse…especially on your babys tender skin. And if they suffer from baby acne, the feeling can be even worse.
To keep bath towels from wreaking havoc on your babys acne, always pat their skin dry instead of rubbing. Rubbing with a rough cloth like a towel or washcloth can remove skin cells , which, in most cases, is a good thing. But for your babys already-irritated skin, it can cause more problems.
Similarly, the heat created by rubbing your little one dry can contribute to the discomfort caused by baby acne. Always gently pat your babys skin dry.
What Does Dry Skin In Babies Look Like
Roughness, flakiness, ashiness and fine lines or cracks are all signs that your sweeties skin needs more moisture. Dry spots can strike anywhere, but theyre especially common on the hands, feet, face and lips.
Mild dryness probably wont bother your baby much. But very dry skin can get itchy, which can lead her to scratch and irritate skin further.
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Baby Acne: Causes Prevention And The Best Treatment Methods
Even though baby acne is one of the most common skin conditions that develop in newborns and infants, watching these little bumps flare up can be a stressful time for a parent. To help alleviate that stress, the experts at Mustela have put together 11 tips for getting rid of baby acne.
Before we get to the top 11 baby acne treatment tips, lets touch on four important questions:
- What is baby acne?
- What does baby acne look like?
- How can I tell baby acne apart from other skin conditions?
- What causes baby acne?
How To Treat Cradle Cap And Baby Acne
01 November, 2020
Cradle cap and baby acne are skin conditions that appear early, practically from birth.
Cradle cap mainly affects a newborns scalp. However, it can spread to the face, mainly to the center of the face and the folds around the nose, behind the ears, neck, navel, armpits, or groin.
Cradle cap is a rash characterized by red scaly patches. They may be covered in oily-looking yellowish patches. The patches are painless or itchy. Although they can be difficult to remove, theyre benign and usually disappear on their own.
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Natural Remedies For Baby Acne
If youre eager to test out natural home remedies to treat babys skin, its smart to first check in with your pediatrician, who can assess your childs skin and make sure those treatments wont cause any additional harm. Most natural remedies arent well studied in children, so its hard to predict what side effects may occur, ONeill says. Particularly with something you may be putting on your babys skin, you might run the risk of causing further irritation or inflammation. Some natural remedies for baby acne that you may want to discuss with babys doctor include:
Coconut oil. Coconut oil is a tried-and-true baby acne treatment around the world and one Baker recommends to his own pediatric patients. This ultra-hydrating oil can help moisturize babys skinjust add a few drops to a cotton ball and swab over babys face.
Changing your diet. Nursing? It may be worth discussing your current breastfeeding diet with your pediatrician, who may recommend cutting back on certain foods, like dairy or citrus. While these arent the direct causes of baby acne, eliminating them may help improve babys overall skin condition, especially if theyre also dealing with eczema.
What Does Baby Acne Look Like
Baby acne looks similar to the acne that many teenagers and adults have dealt with hard red bumps that are surrounded by red, inflamed skin. These bumps are found on your babys skin and may develop white pustules , just like adolescent and adult acne.
Sometimes, however, baby acne can be difficult to identify. It might be hard to tell the difference between acne and an allergic reaction, a rash, or another skin condition, like eczema or cradle cap. In the next section, well talk about these differences in more detail so that you can easily identify baby acne.
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When To Call The Doctor
From the What to Expect editorial team and Heidi Murkoff, author of What to Expect When You’re Expecting. What to Expect follows strict reporting guidelines and uses only credible sources, such as peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions and highly respected health organizations. Learn how we keep our content accurate and up-to-date by reading our medical review and editorial policy.
Baby Acne: Causes & Treatment
Learn what baby acne is, how to identify it, and why its not worth stressing about. This skin condition is common, painless and temporary, although the symptoms could be signs of more serious conditions that your pediatrician can confirm.
As a parent, the only thing you may feel more than joy and love for your newborn is concern for their health and safety. Even the tiniest blemish or faintest cough keeps most of usespecially new parentson our toes and up at night. So, when you see small red or pink bumps on your babys face or body, its only natural to sound the alarms and race to your phone to find answers. As youll be happy to discover, baby acne is common, doesnt create discomfort and goes away soon enough. Ready for the details? Read on.
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Baby Skin Condition Diaper Rash
Most babies will experience diaper rash at least once and this skin condition is most commonly caused by irritation of the skin from the ammonia in pee and poop. When treated, diaper rash should only last around three days6, if it doesn’t then it may be a yeast infection.
Diaper rash is a baby skin condition that is characterized by:
Red patches on your baby’s bottom, or the whole area may appear red.
Their skin may also look sore and feel hot to touch, and there may be small spots, pimples or water blisters.
Diaper rash is really common and can come about from many things such as sitting in soiled diapers a little too long, or from using a wet wipe that doesnt agree with their skin.
This is where WaterWipes can help – created by a father who was concerned about his own daughters diaper rash, they are made from 99.9% water and a drop of fruit extract, making them the worlds purest wet wipes.
Take a look at our guide on newborn baby diaper rash for a list of top tips for managing the condition.