Why Dark Spots And Patches Appear
People who have medium to darkly colored skin get dark spots and patches because something triggers their skin to make extra melanin, the substance that gives skin its color. Many everyday things can trigger extra melanin in people who have skin of color.
Dark spots and patches often appear when:
A pimple or patch of psoriasis clears
A wound caused by an insect bite, cut, burn, or other injury heals
You take certain medications
A skin or hair care product irritates your skin
Changes due to hormones occur, such as during pregnancy
Keep Skin Moist To Increase Cell Regeneration
While yourprincipal goal with skin discoloration is to get rid of dark spots, aneffective topical toningproduct should have ingredients that benefit the skin in other ways.Aside from alleviatingskin discoloration on neck, legs, and face, agood product will have moisturizing agents, vitamins, and organic properties toboost cell regeneration. These ingredients help the brightening agents to workmore effectively. Look for something thats serum-based for deeper penetrationinto the skin.
Try A Vitamin C Serum To Fade Dark Spots
Vitamin C skincare products have become highly popular in recent years. This is because Vitamin C has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and also boosts collagen production. Increased collagen makes the skin bouncier, younger, and more supple, reducing signs of aging .
Vitamin C is a known skin-brightener because it impedes the melanin-producing enzyme tyrosinase, helping to fade that annoying dark spot that just wont budge, resulting in a more even tone. Plus, the anti-inflammatory action helps to reduce inflammation caused by acne, and therefore, helps to reduce the visible signs of acne, such as dark spots.
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Treating Dark Spots At Home
Laser Treatment For Acne Scars
Our second primary treatment, the Icon Laser, offers patients the best results for smoother skin. Laser therapy breaks up the scar with laser light. It punches holes in the collagen without ever piercing the skin. Because it doesnt break the skin, recovery tends to be quicker after this treatment. Also, lasers penetrate deep into the skin causing long-lasting results.
The costs of laser treatments for acne scars vary drastically. Depending on the area and the type of laser you need, the costs of laser treatment for acne scars range from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars.
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Why Does Skin Discoloration Develop
Most skin discoloration develops when your skin produces extra melanin, the pigment that gives your skin its natural color.
Melanin is produced by melanocytes, special skin cells that are located in the base layer of your epidermis. As a protective pigment, melanin plays an important role in protecting your skin from the harmful effects of UV radiation.
When your skin is exposed to UV radiation from direct sunlight, your melanocytes produce more melanin and your skin becomes darker.
Most forms of skin discoloration develop when certain areas of your skin produce more melanin than others.
For example, age spots develop when melanin is produced in high concentrations by small clusters of cells. This can result in small spots on your skin with a darker color than the surrounding skin.
Similarly, experts believe that melasma — a skin pigmentation disorder that causes larger areas of discolored skin — occurs when melanocytes in some parts of your skin produce an excessive amount of color.
Acne Marks And Spots And Discoloration
One of the most frustrating consequences of acne breakouts is the discoloration that is left over after pimples heal. The dark marks and redness seem to linger on as unpleasant reminders of prior unwelcome breakouts. The discolored spots are so anxiety-provoking that many acne sufferers are more concerned about the discoloration than the actual breakouts themselves.
In fact, it is not uncommon for an acne sufferer to seek treatment only for the spots and marks with less concern over the obvious red pimples! It seems, at first, so unlikely that someone could ignore the prominent breakouts staring at them in the mirror yet complain only about the spots instead! However, it is the persistent discoloration that is very often one of the most frustrating consequences of acne for many acne sufferers.
In fact, some of the first questions that acne sufferers ask their providers are focused on which creams or lasers or other treatments can be used to get rid of the persistent spots and marks. They presume that there must be an effective treatment to finally rid their skin of the persistent discoloration.
Well, the truth is, it is not very helpful to attempt to treat existing spots and marks if pimples are still actively erupting. As soon as the new pimples heal, they will just leave new spots behind starting the process all over again.
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Skin Discoloration Risk Factors
Although skin discoloration is a relatively common problem, certain factors may increase your risk of developing melasma, dark spots and other types of discoloration.
You may have a higher risk of developing skin discoloration if you:
Are female. Some forms of skin discoloration, such as melasma, are more common in women than in men. For example, women make up 90 percent of people who develop melasma.
Have skin of color. Skin discoloration tends to be more common in people with skin of color, which contains more melanocytes. You may have a higher risk of developing melasma or other types of skin discoloration if you are of African American, Latin/Hispanic, Indian, North African, Middle Eastern, Asian or Mediterranean descent.
Have relatives with pigmentation disorders. Some skin pigmentation disorders, such as melasma, are more common in people with relatives who also have melasma.
Spent lots of time in direct sunlight. UV radiation from sunlight stimulates your skin to produce melanin. This can worsen age spots, melasma, moles and other forms of skin discoloration.
How To Treat Dark Spots Caused By A Skin Care Product
When a skin or hair care product irritates your skin, the product can cause dark spots on your skin.
If you’re seeing dark spots, try using gentler products. They’re less likely to irritate your skin.
Products that are gentle on the skin are often labeled “for sensitive skin.” You may also see “fragrance-free” on the label.
When your skin in no longer irritated, new dark spots tend to stop appearing and existing spots often clear on their own over time.
Could a medication be causing your dark spots?
Dont stop taking it. That could make you very sick. Ask the doctor who prescribed the medication if discolored skin is a possible side effect. If it is, ask if you could switch to another medication.
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How To Get Rid Of Hyperpigmentation: 5 Ways To Treat Discoloration
With up to 40% of some populations affected by hyperpigmentation, its important to understand youre not alone in your struggles. Its a fact that nearly half of us will, at some point in our lives, face the discoloration of skin. Hyperpigmentation is, medically, the darkening of your skin in uneven patches.
This can be particularly troublesome when it appears on your face. Many of us want to know how to get rid of hyperpigmentation and there is good news. There are reviewed and effective solutions and preventative measures when it comes to hyperpigmentation and were going to explore them with you in this article.
Does Skin Discoloration Go Away
The time it takes skin discoloration to go away ultimately depends on the extent of the damage. If the discoloration is shallow, then it should disappear on its own between six and 12 months. However, if the pigmentation change goes deeper, then it could take years.
You can do a lot of good on your own by pursuing at-home remedies and seeing a dermatologist for more extreme cases. For the time being, make sure to protect your skin with a reliable moisturizer–such as the one offered by Stryx–and other skincare products so that your pores are safe from the sun and other outside factors.
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Freckles Can Be Cute But If You Have Dark Spots On Your Skin That You Don’t Want There Are Ways To Remove Them
If youre bothered by darks spots due to hyperpigmentation on your skin, one thing is clear: Today there are more options for erasing that harmless but irksome discoloration than ever before.
What exactly is hyperpigmentation? Its any patch of skin that looks darker than your natural skin tone due to overproduction of the brown pigment melanin. According to the American Academy of Dermatology , the most common causes of hyperpigmentation which can affect people of all skin tones in varying degrees are:
- Inflammation Skin trauma such as acne, eczema, bug bites, cuts, scrapes, even scratching or friction from, say, vigorous rubbing can set off inflammation. Inflammation, in turn, can send pigment-producing cells into high gear, leaving behind a dark spot after the injury has healed.
When To See A Dermatologist
Individuals with severe acne outbreaks may benefit from seeing a dermatologist. They can help a person find the most effective treatment and lower the chances of developing dark spots.
Although most people with dark spots see improvement without medical treatment, sometimes additional support is necessary. People may choose to see a dermatologist if dark spots interfere with their personal, social, or professional lives.
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What Is Hyperpigmentation
Before you find the right methods for how to get rid of discoloration, its essential to know what hyperpigmentation is. This term refers to any section skin that looks significantly darker than your natural skin tone. The dark sections of the skin occurs when melanin is being produced too quickly in the body. The American Academy of Dermatology , asserts that there are several reasons for hyperpigmentation.
These can include:
What Are Acne Scars
A generalised term, acne scarring can be used to refer to a multitude of different marks that a breakout may leave behind. “Acne scars come in different forms, including rolling, boxcar and ice-pick scars,” explains Pamela Marshall, clinical aesthetician and founder of Mortar & Milk.
While most types of scarring can be treated via various methods, there is one subset that requires specialist treatment, as aesthetician and founder of West Room Aesthetics Dija Ayodele explains. “Be wary that keloid scarring, which darker skin can be prone to, can make you contraindicated to treatment that works on the basis of inducing a mild trauma to the skin, such as chemical peels and microneedling. If youve got this type of scarring, it’s best to see a doctor or dermatologist that can provide steroid shots or advise on removing with surgery.”
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This Is How You Really Get Rid Of Acne Scars
Dr. Caren Campbell, MD, in her San Francisco office
Acne scarring plagues the pores of so many who have long-since recovered from active acne. With the recent advent of laser technology and dermatological research, much progress has been made in understanding how to best care for patients while undergoing treatment and in improving treatment efficacy itself.
I recently discussed the subject with leading San Francisco dermatologist Dr. Caren Campbell, M.D., a physician who has treated many Millennial professionals in the area struggling to remove acne scars. Below, she shares the recent, notable progress that has been made in acne-scarring treatment options, how to know if scars will fade on their own, when to seek medical intervention and the questions to ask your physician.
First, what causes acne scars?
Campbell: Acne scars result from cystic, inflamed acne lesions. When the clogged, inflamed pore ruptures, the skins attempt to repair the broken skin isnt as flawless as the original skin. Depending on the depth of the ruptured pore, varying types of acne scars can be producedatrophic, icepick, boxcar, rolling. When the body overshoots the wound healing response keloids or hypertrophic scars can form, which represent excess scar tissue formation.
Will they ever fade on their own?
What Is Skin Discolouration
Skin discolouration is a common side effect of the acne healing process where the skin around an acne lesion changes colour from your natural skin tone and is left discoloured after the acne lesion has healed.
Acne lesions can cause skin discolouration in a number of ways. Blood vessels in the area of the lesion may dilate as part of the bodys healing response, leaving the skin looking red or purple. Damage to the skin cells by acne lesions may also cause the cells to release more melanin, which is a pigment that causes the skin to look brown.
Sometimes the body will clear these causes of skin discolouration over time and the skin will return to its original complexion. However, these changes to the skin may not heal and can become permanent.
Skin discolouration as a result of acne can occur anywhere on the body that acne forms and is largely dependent on how your skin heals.
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Protect Yourself From The Sun
Whenever you spend any time in the sun, its important to wear sunscreen that protects against UVA & UVB rays. Even if the weather isnt too bright out, you can still get a lot of direct exposure in places like offices or stores.
Sunscreen protects your skin from all the harmful UV rays, so you should be wearing it when youre at the beach or pool. If youre going to protect your face and eyes, then wear a hat and sunglasses, especially if its a bright day with lots of sun. Keratin treatment can not only protect you against color fading, it also reduces your risk of developing wrinkles and other signs of aging.
How Can I Reduce Or Remove Pimple Marks
Thankfully there is a range of treatment options available that can help fade or reduce pigment marks and, in some cases, remove them completely. These include brightening or exfoliating creams that can be bought over the counter at a pharmacy. More intense treatments such as chemical peels and laser therapy need to be carried out by a dermatologist or a beautician who specializes in this area.If your acne marks are bothering you, consult your doctor who will be able to give advice on the best treatment options for your skin. Here are those most commonly used:
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Dont Pick At Skin Injuries
Even though it may be tempting to scratch an insect bite or squeeze a pimple, try not to pick at your skin. This will increase inflammation which makes it easy for dark marks to develop. Even though the blemish is irritating you, you should treat the blemish to get rid of itching and redness. If a spot forms in place of the skin injury, treat the hyperpigmentation right away, especially if you have a darker complexion.
Keep Skin Moist To Boost Cell Turnover
While your primary goal with hyperpigmentation is to lighten the dark spots, an effective over-the-counter product should contain ingredients that benefit the skin in other ways. “In addition to addressing the pigment issues, a good product will have moisturizing agents like glycerin or hyaluronic acid, and maybe even a retinol to boost cell turnover,” says Doris Day, MD, a clinical assistant professor of dermatology at NYU Medical School in New York City and author of Beyond Beautiful: Using the Power of Your Mind and Aesthetic Breakthroughs to Look Naturally Young and Radiant. “These inactive ingredients allow the active brighteners to work more effectively.” A good moisturizer can also restore the skins lipid barrier, helping to further protect it from the suns damaging rays, notes Harvard Health.
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What Acne Scarring Is Not
An acne scar is a change in texture in your skin. Usually, its depressed. Its not a brown spot. Discoloration is temporary, but texture changes are permanent.
This bumpy texture, also known as cobblestoning, starts when a pimple creates an indentation. If you notice a low spot form from a pimple, get the dermatologist ASAP. The more aggressively you treat this type of acne, the less likely you are to deal with the long-term effects of acne scarring.