Sunday, January 29, 2023

How To Get Rid Of Comedonal Acne

What Causes Closed Comedones

How to get rid of Comedonal Acne (Updated) ð±ð?

Although most people experience a comedone once in a while, certain conditions and lifestyles make some people more susceptible to them than others. If you are dealing with ongoing, consistent comedone breakouts, you likely have comedonal acne.

While both whiteheads and blackheads are caused by clogged hair follicles, excess oil is the main culprit when it comes to comedone development. For this reason, people with excess sebum are more likely to experience breakouts. The hormonal changes that occur during puberty make teens more likely to have excess oil. Adults with oily skin can also be affected. There are also a number of other factors that can increase the likelihood of developing comedonal acne. These include:

Home Remedies For Comedonal Acne

Some of the natural remedies that you can try for comedonal acne are simple. Ingredients like tea tree oil, clay masks and charcoal masks can help. Tea tree oil has an anti-inflammatory effect and also reduces sebum, so you can use medications or products containing tea tree oil. Mattifying masks work well to dry out the sebum in your pores. They also help extract trapped dirt and make the blackhead removal easier. However, make sure to consult your dermatologist before using home remedies as some people can be allergic to them and this can make the condition worse.

What Causes Clogged Pores

Clogged pores arise when cells lining the sebaceous duct proliferate , and there is increased sebum production. A comedo is formed by the debris blocking the sebaceous duct and hair follicle. It is now known that comedones also involve inflammation .

The development of comedones may involve the following factors:

  • Excessive activity of the male sex hormone 5-testosterone within skin cells
  • Reduced linoleate in sebum causing more scale and reduced barrier function
  • Proinflammatory cytokines , such as Interleukin 1 and IL-8, produced by cells lining the follicle in response to activation of the innate immune system
  • Free fatty acids made from sebum by acne bacteria
  • Overhydrated skin premenstrually, from moisturisers or in humid conditions
  • Contact with certain chemicals including oily pomades, isopropyl myristate, propylene glycol and some dyes in cosmetics
  • Rupture of the follicle by injury such as squeezing pimples, abrasive washing, chemical peels or laser treatments
  • Smoking comedonal acne is more common in smokers than in non-smokers
  • Certain dietary factors may contribute to comedonal acne, particularly milk products and high glycemic-index foods

Figure 3. Skin and Hair structure

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Can You Pop Closed Comedones

Dr. Zeel highly recommends avoiding squeezing or popping the closed comedones on your face. Because it may allow bacteria to easily access the broken skin tissue, that can further lead to the development of acne pimples on your face.

Important Note:

Consult your doctor before using any of the herbs and chemicals on your skin mentioned in this article.

The Last Word

Dr. Zeel says that along with topical treatments, your diet and lifestyle factors also play a prominent role in controlling comedones. She recommends avoiding foods that can cause inflammation such as trans fats, dairy, sugars, and other processed foods. Instead, you need to increase the intake of plant-based diets that are rich in antioxidants. Also, stick to a regular exercise regimen, yoga, and meditation to keep your doshas in balance.

At Vedix, we study your skin through a simple dosha questionnaire and offer you a customized Ayurvedic skincare regimen that resolves your unique skin concerns.

What Is Clogged Pores Treatment / Treatment For Comedonal Acne


If you have comedonal acne, choose oil-free cosmetics and wash twice daily with a mild soap and water. It is best to stop smoking and to have a diet that is low in sugar, fat and dairy products.

Choose comedolytic topical medications. These should be applied once or twice daily as a thin smear to the entire area affected. It may take several weeks to months before worthwhile improvement occurs. Treatment needs to be continued long-term .

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What Is The Treatment For Comedonal Acne

If you have comedonal acne, choose oil-free cosmetics and wash twice daily with a mild soap and water. It is best to stop smoking and to have a diet that is low in sugar, fat and dairy products.

Choose “comedolytic” topical medications. These should be applied once or twice daily as a thin smear to the entire area affected. It may take several weeks to months before worthwhile improvement occurs. Treatment needs to be continued long-term .

Suitable topical agents include:

Who Is Most Likely To Get Comedonal Acne

Adolescents are most likely to develop comedonal acne, and it can last into their 20s and 30s in about 64% and 43% of people, respectively.

Among adult women, 12%22% are affected by acne compared to 3% of adult men. This can be attributed to women experiencing hormone fluctuations during menstruation, pregnancy and menopause.

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Do Not Touch Your Face

Please drop the habit of touching your face. The hands are filled with bacteria and dirt which can additionally clog the pores and even cause infections.

When we are talking about touching the face we have to mention pillowcases – change them frequently!

Tie up your hair – dont let it fall over your face constantly. Our hair contains natural oil that might be causing the problem.

How Do You Get Rid Of Comedones Naturally

how to get rid of comedonal acne fast

Prevention of comedonal acne is always the best approach to follow. Here are some prevention tips that can help you avoid the condition altogether

  • Use facial cleansers that are specially formulated for acne-prone skin, making sure not to scrub your skin in a harsh way.
  • Opt for a water-based moisturizer rather than an oil-based one, if you have an oily skin type.
  • Choose skin care and cosmetics carefully making sure they are non-comedogenic.
  • Make sure to completely remove your makeup before hitting the bed to avoid clogged pores and blemishes.
  • If a particular medication is causing bumps on your skin, make sure you inform your doctor.
  • If you are a smoker, give up the habit!
  • A well-balanced diet with minimum dairy and sugar in addition to moderate exercise are great for not just your waistline but also your skin.
  • Avoid touching your face as much as you possibly can. Popping pimples and picking on your skin is a complete no-no!
  • Pamper your skin at regular intervals and make sure you keep it clean and fresh at all times.

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How Comedonal Acne Are Formed

All right, now you know what comedones are, but exactly how do they come to be? It starts when a pore becomes clogged, a perfect situation for the bloom of a comedo. However, this is not the only way they form normal dirt that builds up inside a pore is not enough for comedones. There is a gland located under our skin known as the sebaceous gland that nourishes our skin and hair by producing supplements to prevent drying out. These supplements are a type of oil that tends to build up, with the massing usually occurring inside a pore already clogged with dirt and dead cells. When the dirt or bacteria mixes with this oil, a comedo forms on the skin.

Causes of Comedonal Acne

Of course, there are people out there whom never seem to get any sort of acne and there are others who suffer severely with them. Usually, it occurs during puberty because teenagers hormones begin to rage and the sebaceous gland tends to secrete more oil, both which help with the creation of comedones. Of course, these are pretty much normal things, but there are some teenagers that suffer from a severe case of acne and, in such a case, a visit to a dermatologist is recommended to ward off indications of a bigger problem.

How To Get Rid of Them

If you are already suffering from comedones, you can see your dermatologist for a prescription for Retin-A or visit an esthetician to have the comedones extracted. Whatever choice you make, be sure to know the side effects as well as the benefits of the treatment.

How To Treat Comedonal Acne

To treat comedonal acne its best to tackle the main reason why its occurring in the first place: the production of excess oil. You might want to check out these OTC methods:

  • Use noncomedogenic skincare and beauty products. Switching up your products doesnt guarantee a clear complexion but theyre less likely to clog pores, which means youre less likely to get breakouts.
  • Use an exfoliant once to twice a week. Exfoliants help clear your pores from excess buildup like dead skin cells, oils, and any other yucky stuff. Make sure your exfoliant is gentle and look for products containing ingredients like salicylic acid and glycolic acid.
  • Look for topical products that include azelaic acid, benzoyl-peroxide, glycolic acid, salicylic acid, and/or sulfur. These ingredients are the best at zapping those zits and killing off bacteria. You might want to use products that include more than one of these ingredients to make your acne-fighting treatment more efficient.
  • Consider buying an OTC retinoid. Retinol, retinal, and adapalene , are all derived from vitamin A that is thought to speed up the cell turnover process. This process helps the skin cells shed faster so your pores are less likely to become clogged and will remain nice and smooth. Remember: if youre wearing any retinoids or anything including an acid you want to make sure youre also wearing a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 or higher. Retinoids remove the outer layer of skin, which makes you more prone to sunburn.

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Prescription Oral Medications For Comedonal Acne Include:

  • Hormonal therapy

Antibiotics can also improve comedonal acne but are usually prescribed for inflammatory acne .

Oral isotretinoin

Oral isotretinoin is FDA-approved for the treatment of severe recalcitrant acne. Evidence suggests that it is also useful for less severe acne that is treatment resistant 12). The usual dosage for severe treatment-resistant acne is 0.5 to 1.0 mg per kg per day for about 20 weeks, or a cumulative dose of 120 mg per kg 13). Initial flare-ups can be minimized with a beginning daily dosage of 0.5 mg or less per kg 14). Total cumulative doses of less than 120 mg increase relapse rates, and doses of more than 150 mg increase the incidence of adverse effects without producing greater benefits 15). Approximately 40 percent of patients achieve long-term remission with a 120-mg cumulative dose, 40 percent require retreatment with topical therapy or oral antibiotics and 20 percent require retreatment with isotretinoin 16). Patients with moderate acne may respond to lower dosages and experience fewer adverse effects 17).

Oral contraceptives


Can Comedonal Acne Be Prevented

Pin on pimple pin to pin

Comedonal acne is very much preventable. With the right tips, you can forestall comedones. Follow these dermatologist-verified tips given by Dr. Ajay Rana to prevent the breakout of Comedones acne:

  • Wash your face only twice daily. Daily cleansing of skin can cause irritation and make the skin dried and inflamed.
  • Remove your makeup before going to sleep. Sleeping with makeup can cause the blockage of skin pores. To remove the makeup, always use non-alcohol makeup remover to avoid any kind of irritation.
  • Use skin care products that are non-comedogenic. These are non-oily moisturizers, cleansers, and skincare cosmetics that help to prevent pore blockage.
  • Dont let perspiration and oil stay for a longer duration on the skin. Always take a shower and immediately rehydrate your skin with a light, oil-free moisturizer.

Also Read:

Recommended Reading: How To Get Rid Of Redness On Acne

Suitable Topical Agents Include:

  • Salicylic acid +/- sulfur and resorcinol
  • Glycolic acid
  • Retinoids such as tretinoin, isotretinoin, adapalene

Benzoyl peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is an over-the-counter bactericidal agent that comes in a wide array of concentrations and formulations. No particular form has been proven better than another 1). Benzoyl peroxide is unique as an antimicrobial because it is not known to increase bacterial resistance 2). It is most effective for the treatment of mild to moderate mixed acne when used in combination with topical retinoids 3). Benzoyl peroxide may also be added to regimens that include topical and oral antibiotics to decrease the risk of bacterial resistance 4). Salicylic acid is present in a variety of over-the-counter cleansing products. These products have anticomedonal properties and are less potent than topical retinoids, but there have been only limited high-quality studies examining their effectiveness 5).

Azelaic acid

Azelaic acid should be considered for use in pregnant women. The cream formulation is approved by the U.S Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of acne vulgaris, but the gel has significantly better bioavailability 6). It has mixed antimicrobial and anticomedonal effects, and may be effective for the treatment of mild to moderate inflammatory or mixed acne 7).

Salicylic acid

  • Viral warts
  • Ichthyosis
  • Acne

Salicylic acid preparations come in many forms and strengths from 0.5% up to 30%. For acne use salicylic acid 0.5% oil-free acne wash .

Risks And Side Effects

If youre dealing with a serious case of comedonal acne that isnt improving after trying at-home remedies, consult your dermatologist about the best form of treatment.

If you experience skin irritation, such as redness, itchiness or stinging, after trying any of these treatments or remedies, discontinue use of any new product immediately.

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Tips To Prevent Closed Comedones

In addition to avoiding common comedone causes, applying topical ointments and taking any oral medications prescribed by your dermatologist, there are additional steps you can take to prevent closed comedones from forming:

  • Use oil-free makeup to minimize pore clogging
  • Wash affected areas twice a day with a mild or medicated cleanser
  • Exfoliate affected areas twice a week to remove dead skin
  • Wash hair regularly to avoid the spread of oil and debris to the face

Speak with your dermatologist to learn more about preventing closed comedones and other types of acne.

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Is Comedonal Acne Hormonal

how to get rid of comedonal acne on forehead

Hormonal acne is exactly what it sounds like, acne caused by the fluctuating hormones in our body. For women, that means constantly changing levels of estrogen and progesterone during the menstrual cycle. You should never try to pop any acne, but especially hormonal as they are more painful and can cause more damage. Always seek the advice of a dermatologist who can uncover deeper roots to hormonal acne such as a thyroid issue. But if youre still unsure if what you see in the mirror is caused by hormones, Self laid out the five top ways to tell whether acne is caused by them or not:

Youre getting acne and breakouts as an adult beyond your adolescent years

Your acne comes through in the prime hormonal zone around your chin and along your jawline

Your breakouts sync with your menstrual cycle

Youre feeling stressed

You have painful cysts

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How To Treat Closed Comedones The Acne You Didnt Know You Had


If an inflamed, angry-red pimple is the skin-care equivalent of a scream, a closed comedone is a threatening whisper. Seemingly headless and unpoppable, closed comedones are white or skin-colored bumps that gradually build beneath the surface of the skin until theyre large enough to be visible in profile.

Closed comedones are commonly called whiteheads which contrary to popular belief arent actually those white, pus-filled pimples youre so often tempted to pop. In fact actual whiteheads arent even really poppable. However, if you attempt to pop them or they get irritated by bacteria, they can develop into poppable pimples.

Heres how to know if your bumps are actually closed comedonesand how to manage them properly.

What Are The Potential Complications Of Comedonal Acne

Having comedonal acne can lead to both physical and emotional complications. Physical complications include scarring and changes in skin pigmentationor color. After acne heals, the spot where the pimple was may look darker or lighter than surrounding skin. Permanent skin changes are more common with inflammatory acne.

The emotional toll acne can take comes in several forms including:

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Reducing Your Risk Of Comedonal Acne

It isnt possible to prevent or avoid comedonal acne altogether, but you may be able to minimize acne triggers. Strategies to lower the severity of an acne breakout include:

  • Avoiding touching your face and squeezing or popping whiteheads and blackheads. Picking at acne can cause more irritation and inflammation, making it harder for your skin to heal. It can also lead to scarring.
  • Shampooing your hair on a regular basis. If you have oily hair, wash your hair every day.
  • Stopping smoking
  • Using gentle, nonabrasive cleansers. Scrubbing your skin or using harsh or alcohol-based cleansers or products can actually make acne worse by causing more irritation.
  • Washing your face twice daily and after sweating using lukewarm water. Hot water can contribute to skin irritation.

If you have concerns about diet or other factors related to your breakouts, talk with your dermatologist. It may help to keep a breakout diary to record potential acne triggers.

How Is Comedonal Acne Treated

What is comedonal acne

For mild cases, over-the-counter comedonal acne treatment can be effective. There are two main active ingredients in these OTC products. The most common one is benzoyl peroxide. It works by killing bacteria trapped in the pores and drying up oil from the sebaceous glands. Salicylic acid products are also available over the counter. They work by increasing skin cell turnover, which helps unclog pores.

OTC products come in a variety of formulations. If you use these products for several weeks with no results, see your doctor.

When you need more than OTC products to treat acne, doctors may recommend a prescription product. Topical retinoids are a common prescription treatment for comedonal acne. These products work by drying out the skin and promoting cell turnover to unclog pores. There are also prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid products. Azelaic acid is a similar prescription option. Topical antibiotics may be useful in some cases.

In general, doctors dont typically use oral medicines for comedonal acne. Oral medicines are usually more effective in treating inflammatory acne, such as nodular acne and cystic acne. However, women with comedonal acne may benefit from taking oral contraceptives. They balance hormone levels, which can help control both inflammatory and noninflammatory acne breakouts.

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