Why Do I Get Acne
Acne is an inflammatory skin problem caused by one or more of three things:
- Plugging of hair follicles
- Hormonal fluctuations that cause the body to secret excess oil
- Bacterial infection that causes inflammation
Acne severity can range from blackheads and whiteheads to cysts.
Nearly 85 percent of people between the ages of 12 and 24 experience acne. Why some people have severe breakouts while others barely have a pimple is not entirely clear. But genetics and environmental influences clearly play a role.
Why Do Acne Scars Happen
Scarring occurs as a result of injury to the skin and excess oil production, bacteria, and inflammation.
Zeichner explains, Inflammation in the skin tells our pigment producing cells to become overactive, explaining why pimples leave behind dark spots.
The hyperpigmentation that remains isnt permanent, but it can be uncomfortable for some people. It can also present differently, depending on your complexion.
is more common in patients who have darker skin tones, he adds. Whereas, fair skinned patients are often left with pink or red spots in areas where there used to be pimples. This post-inflammatory erythema heals on its own over several weeks.
Although most superficial breakouts heal on their own without leaving a significant mark, there are others that leave a more noticeable scar behind.
This is why its advised to avoid picking pimples. It can lead to more injury to the skin, which can lead to a greater chance of a scar, Garshick says.
Topical Or Oral Antibiotics
Antibiotics are an acne treatment used to kill acne-causing bacteria. They may be applied directly on the skin or taken by mouth . Topical antibiotics kill bacteria in the upper portion of your pores, while oral antibiotics can reach to the lower depths of the pores. Antibiotics used for acne treatment include clindamycin or tetracyclines like doxycycline or minocycline. These antibiotics are the most effective for treating acne because they both kill bacteria and act as anti-inflammatory agents to calm down the skin.
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The Best Acne Products For Back Acne Treatment
The best acne products for stubborn acne on your back contain acne medication or natural acne treatment ingredients that kill bacteria, cleanse pores and nurture clear skin.
The Body Shop offers a soap-free body wash gentle enough to use on the whole body, with antibacterial tea tree oil for acne treatment. If you’ve wondered how to get rid of blackheads on your back, where they can be especially stubborn, give this affordable back acne treatment a try.
The Body Shop tea tree skin clearing body wash, from $13,
Neutrogena’s acne treatment body wash contains the acne medication salicylic acid to fight back acne breakouts and prevent body breakouts. Use a small amount on a clean, soft cloth or body sponge to create a rich lather, then rinse clear.
Neutrogena Body Clear acne body wash, $6 for Amazon Prime members, Target.com
Those who prefer a bar soap over a liquid body wash can still benefit from acne-fighting salicylic acid with the Clinique Acne Solutions Cleansing Bar. This mild soap unclogs pores and removes excess oil without drying out skin.
Clinique Acne Solutions cleansing bar for face & body, $23,
A Final Word On Home Remedies For Acne
Homemade facial masks can rejuvenate your skin and help clear acne and all of these recipes use common ingredients found in your pantry and refrigerator. Try one or more of these remedies to treat pimple-prone skin and see how your skin responds.
If at-home treatments dont help after two to four weeks, touch base with a dermatologist for help, says Zeichner. Unfortunately, delays in treatment increase the risk of developing stains in the skin, or in some cases, permanent scars, he warns.
Read Also: Is Tula Skincare Good For Acne
What Not To Do To Get Rid Of A Pimple
You can watch pimple popping videos on the internet to your hearts content, but Dr. Khetarpal recommends against trying it in real life.
Any manipulation of a pimple can lead to more inflammation, which can increase the risk of scarring, she explains. And your hands are dirty, so youre going to introduce more bacteria and potentially make it worse.
Your best bet is to spot treat the pimple with benzoyl peroxide and then leave it alone.
Wearing makeup and covering it up is not a problem, but dont poke or pick or squeeze it, Dr. Khetarpal suggests. It will resolve on its own.
How To Get Rid Of Blackheads Without Over
Washing your skin too vigorously, too often or with the wrong products can do more harm than good. Just be patient with your salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide, get a facial and if that doesn’t work, visit your dermatologist.
Avoid using strong soaps or products that strip all oil and moisture from your skin. Your skin’s natural reaction is to try to compensate by producing more oil, which will worsen your acne in the long run.
Always wash gently, even with the most severe types of acne. Harsh exfoliators and a rough scrubbing technique can exacerbate existing acne and cause rashes and painful irritation.
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Cortisone Cream Or Injection
Cortisone cream fights inflammation and is one of the acne remedies that can help prevent scarring from worsening. Available over the counter, cortisone cream can be applied directly to inflamed acne lesions to reduce swelling and redness. A doctor can also inject cortisone into a deeper acne cyst or lesion to shrink it and help prevent scarring.
How Is Acne Treated
Over-the-counter products work to help clear up acne for some teens. It may take time to find one that works best for you some may not help and others may irritate skin. OTC acne products come in different strengths. The most popular and effective OTC acne-fighting ingredient is benzoyl peroxide. Another ingredient, salicylic acid, can help dry up pimples.
If OTC products don’t work for you, get a doctor’s advice. Doctors can prescribe special gels or creams, pills, or a combination of both. It may feel a bit awkward to talk about your acne with someone, but your doctor is trained to help get your skin looking its best.
It’s tempting, but popping or squeezing a usually won’t get rid of the problem. Squeezing can actually push infected material and pus deeper into the skin, which can lead to more swelling and redness and even scarring, which can be permanent.
If you’re taking a prescription acne medicine, finish your entire prescription even if your skin clears up, unless your doctor says its OK to stop. If you stop too early, there’s a chance your skin could break out all over again.
Eating nutritious foods can help keep you healthy and your skin will benefit from getting enough vitamins and minerals. But you don’t need obsess about what you eat or how often you wash your face to control acne. If no OTC product works for you, talk to your doctor or a about how to manage acne.
Do Apply A Paste Made Of Crushed Aspirin
Aspirin contains salicylic acid, which is a top-shelf acne fighter by all accounts. Applying a paste made of aspirin immediately removes excess oil and dead skin. In other words, it helps to unclog and dry out your angry pores, while simultaneously reducing swelling and redness. Its one of the home remedies that dermatologists recommend, and it even helps reduce pain at the application site. To make the paste, crush an aspirin with a spoon and swirl it with a few drops of water. Then apply it directly to the pimple.
Using The Wrong Skincare Products
What you’re doing wrong
Using hygiene products that are not suitable for your skin type can actually wreak havoc on your skin. Besides, if youre someone who switches products quite frequently, note that this habit can actually cause a lot of harm to your skin. The ingredients in every new product can irritate your skin and cause pimples and breakouts. Moreover, greasy, oil-based makeup can also cause pimples.
How to fix it
Stick a particular brand once youve found something that suits your skin. Make sure your skin gets to breathe. Refrain from always using makeup to cover up the acne. In case you cant do without makeup, use water-based cosmetics instead. Always look for natural products since chemicals can cause an acne breakout.
Dry Peeling Skin Isn’t Necessarily An Allergy To Benzoyl Peroxide
Here’s something to note: dry, red, and flaky skin doesn’t necessarily mean you’re allergic to the medication. Benzoyl peroxide side effects like dryness, slight redness, and itching, minor peeling are actually quite normal and typically don’t mean that you have to stop using the medication.
Not sure if what you’re experiencing is normal or something to be worried about? Find out if you are allergic to benzoyl peroxide. Of course, if you’re concerned you should make a call to your physician.
Apple Cider Vinegar Acne Treatment
Apple cider vinegar is one of better known home remedies for acne, thanks to its high beta carotene content and antibacterial properties. Here’s how to make your own apple cider vinegar acne treatment:
1. Dilute 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in 1 cup of clean water.
2. Wash your face with a non-abrasive, gentle cleanser. See our “best face wash for acne” options above. Pat dry.
3. Apply a small amount of the diluted apple cider vinegar acne solution to a clean cotton pad and swipe your entire face evenly.
4. Apply an oil-free moisturizer or hydrator for acne prone skin.
Use only once daily, and you might only want to use apple cider vinegar at night, as it does have a strong smell. If your skin becomes too dry or irritated, use less frequently or dilute with more water.
Oral Contraceptives With Estrogen
The birth control pill is another option for women suffering hormonal acne. Four types of birth control pills have been approved by the FDA for use as acne treatment, and all four are combination pills that contain both estrogen and progesterone. Talk to your doctor about how to get rid of acne using birth control and keep in mind that Ortho Tri-cyclen, Estrostep YAZ and Beyaz are the only four brands specifically FDA approved as acne remedies.
Not Changing The Pillowcases
What you’re doing wrong
Dirty pillowcases and bedsheets can very well be the cause of acne breakouts. Dirty bedding can cause dirt to settle on our face and skin and end up in clogging pores. The cleaner your bedding, the happier your skin will be.
How to fix it
Try changing your pillow cover once in four days. Moreover, it’s best to choose a pillow cover that is made out of natural fabric.
Rethink Your Hair Care Regimen
If you’re getting a lot of forehead acne, it might be that your hair products are to blame. Hair oils, dry shampoo, and other spray-on products can wreak havoc on your skin if they’re not thoroughly washed off. Make sure to wash your hair properly and rinse away all the product that just may be clogging the pores near your hairline.
Acne Scar Removal With Laser Skin Treatments
Skin care clinics and dermatologists across the country offer laser skin treatments for acne scar removal, but is it worth it? The best way to determine which laser acne scar treatment is right for you is to get different professional opinions about which type is best for your skin, and compare pricing, expected recovery time and reviews. Here’s how a few laser treatments work for acne scar removal:
Talk To A Doctor About Hormone Pills
Birth control pills can help to prevent acne, by helping to regulate the hormones that may make acne worse.
However, these pills carry risks, so it is essential to review the benefits and side effects before making a decision.
Spironolactone, a medication often used to treat high blood pressure, may also help in cases of severe acne. However, spironolactone has many possible side effects, so it is best to speak to a doctor.
What Causes Cystic Acne
Ugh, bad luck? Just kidding. Maybe. Fundamentally, everyones skin is the sameeveryone has hormonal fluctuations, oil productions, and acne-causing bacteria in their skin that could cause a huge breakout at any time, says Mona Gohara, MD, associate clinical professor at Yale School of Medicine. But, BUT! The sebaceous glands in some people are just naturally more sensitive to these triggers, causing a larger and more frequent inflammatory response.
And if youre someone with cystic acne, heres what that inflammatory response looks like: Your follicle gets pissed off and clogged, trapping the oil and bacteria deep within your pore and causing intense inflammation. That inflammation then ruptures the sides of the pore and leaks bacteria into the surrounding skin, resulting in a big-ass, super-painful cystic zit with no escape route. Honestly, your risk of developing cystic acne only partially has to do with how you take care of your skin, says Dr. Gohara. Translation: Its not your fault.
Yeast And Yogurt Mask For Oily Skin
Although more research is needed, evidence published in April 2015 in the International Journal of Womens Dermatology suggested that fermented dairy products like yogurt may promote skin health. Yogurt is also a probiotic, which has been shown to inhibit C. acnes.
To make the mask, combine 1 tsp of brewer’s yeast with a little plain yogurt to create a thin mixture. Cook-Bolden says, “Apply it thoroughly to all the oily areas and leave on for 15 to 20 minutes. Rinse with warm water; then use cold water to close the pores.”
Ice Your Acne To Bring The Swelling Down
If you really must do something about your pimple beyond washing your face and spot treating, ice or a cold compress can help reduce inflammation. Wrap an ice cube or the compress in a soft tissue or cloth and apply it to your zit for 20-30 seconds at a time, a few times a day. In case of an emergency , you can also see a dermatologist for a cortisone injection, which can help shrink the cyst down quickly in a day or two.
Acne Tip #: Spot Treatment
Have a pimple you need to get rid of fast? Reach for a spot treatment formulated with acne-fighting ingredients like salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide or sulfur. Many spot treatments can dramatically minimize the look of breakouts. We like the La Roche-Posay Effaclar Duo Acne Spot Treatment. Its formulated with benzoyl peroxide to visibly reduce the appearance of acne blemishes.
Try To Keep Your Hands Off Your Face
One of the most basic tips for how to get rid of acne is simply to keep your hands to yourself. Your hands arent always clean, and dirt under your fingernails and improper squeezing can cause acne to spread or lead to further infection, Dr. Hammerman says. Plus, popping can lead to pitted scars, which stick around much longer than that pimple would.
In A Pinch Get A Cortisone Shot
Have a really big event coming up? Then you probably don’t have time to wait and see if your blemish will disappear on its own. Consider seeing a dermatologist for a true overnight cure. “A cortisone shot is an anti-inflammatory, so it treats the pimple itself,” Dr. Peredo explains.
“If it’s a big, painful pimple, the cortisone diffuses the inflammation and flattens it out, hopefully without leaving a scar,” she says. Of course, this isn’t an easy, at-home DIY fix. It should only be administered by a physician, usually a dermatologist, and it is often covered by insurance if you have acne.
What Is Adult Acne
Before we dive into how to cover up acne without concealer, lets first discuss why you may be getting blemishes after puberty. Many people wrongly assume that pimples are reserved for hormonal teens. Adults can get acne, too even if they never dealt with pimples during their adolescence. While teenage acne is most often caused by excess oil and clogged pores, adult acne is typically caused by hormonal fluctuations, a blockage of oil, bacteria, stress or pollution-driven flare-ups. Adult acne is cyclical in nature and presents itself most often as papules, pustules and cysts around the mouth, chin, jawline and cheeks. Adults also have a higher risk of scarring due to a slowed rate of cell turnover.;
How To Make A Honey And Cinnamon Mask
Honey and cinnamon have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. They may help reduce acne, but more studies are needed.
Tea tree oil is an essential oil thats extracted from the leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia, a small tree native to Australia.
Its well known for its ability to fight bacteria and reduce skin inflammation (
Tea tree oil has strong anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Applying it to the skin may reduce acne.
Use The Right Sun Protection
Sun damage causes numerous skin health concerns, and adding a sunburn on top of acne inflammation and irritation is painful. So, its important to use sunscreen anytime your skin is exposed to sunlight. However, patients with acne shouldnt use just any sunblock. Instead, they should look for products that are marked as non-comedogenic and oil-free.
Cocktail A Spot Treatment
K, dont get too excitedno topical product will get rid of your cystic zit at home, aside from time . BUT, a cocktail of benzoyl peroxide and 1 percent hydrocortisone cream can help flatten the zit faster, says Dr. Gohara. Both are anti-inflammatories that will help calm the bump, and the less inflammation you have now, the less hyperpigmentation and scarring youll have when the zit heals, she says. So once a day for one week, dab benzoyl peroxide on the cyst, let it dry, and then tap on a thin layer of hydrocortisone cream.