What Causes Acne Scars And Dark Marks
The spots that linger after a pimple has healed are caused by inflammation that has disrupted the skin’s natural healing process. “When your skin is opened up and then closes back together, you can get abnormal pigmentation, texture, and tone that looks different from the rest of your skin. Sometimes the broken blood vessels that remain after an acne lesion fades can result in a mark,” says Dr. Bowe. For a number of people who are able to refrain from picking, inflamed pimples or blemishes can still leave a dark brown or red mark but these naturally fade over the course of a few months, notes dermatologist Heather C. Woolery-Lloyd, MD.
Since it’s pretty difficult to determine what causes one person to scar more than another, the best way to avoid scarring is to treat acne with a great skin care routine and that means you need to resist picking, poking, or touching a pimple.
Some acne marks and scars are completely within your control while others are pre-determined. Aside from genetics, there are several lifestyle habits that can make dark marks and scars worse. Spending time in the sun is a big one, and, to reiterate one last time, every dermatologist agrees that picking or squeezing pimples creates further inflammation and can ultimately lead to more damage.
Now that we know where acne scars and dark spots come from, let’s dive into how to treat themstarting with acne scars.
Fading Brown Scars And Hyperpigmentation
Individual results may vary
When red scars are exposed to UV, they can quickly collect melanin and turn into brown marks that last up to two years.
Brown post-acne marks are more stubborn than red acne marks. They can be fixed using topical lotions but will take more time. Learn more about dealing with brown acne marks.
The Dark Mark Defense contains potent anti-pigmenting agents to fade the appearance of dark marks much faster.
- Vitamin E creates a healing barrier over your skin.
- TXA brightens skin and fades the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
- 4nBR creates a lightening effect on your skin.
Baking Soda As An Exfoliate
One that you will definitely have in your house is baking soda. if you don’t have it though, you can buy it here. This rising agent is an excellent natural remedy for all sorts of problems, whether youre looking to whiten your teeth or stop your washing machine from smelling.
Because of its roughness, it works as an excellent exfoliate for your back acne scars.
All you need is the baking soda and some water.
It works as any exfoliate would do so just apply it directly to the skin. You can turn it into a paste and then pop it directly on the scars only, leaving it there for the skin to soak some of it in.
Rinse with warm water and youre ready to moisturize, which is worthwhile with another natural remedy to get rid of scarring.
It is also possible to mix this with the lemon trick. Rather than using sugar or salt, dip the lemon or lime half into the baking soda and use it as a scrub.
Youll not only get the exfoliate but also all the nutrients from the fruit.
You only need to do this two to three times a week. It will take some time to see the results, but it really does work and is affordable.
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How To Get Rid Of Acne Scars For Good
Put down the colour correcting concealer, this is how to get rid of acne scars for real.
Whether youve tackled your acne once and for all, or you’re still going through the long-winded battle, there is one thing thats inevitable: acne scarring. It doesnt matter if youre a picker or leave them well enough alone, theres still a dark mark left behind every spot.
‘One common mistake I have seen acne patients make is to start treating the acne scarring while still suffering with active breakouts. Before even thinking about treating potential acne scarring, all active acne lesions must be completely cleared’, explains Dr Stefanie Williams, dermatologist and medical director of EUDELO Dermatology & Skin Wellbeing.
Weve all been through the trials and tribulations of experimenting with what works to get skin clear and even. A natural reaction may be to reach for a rough scrub to brush the spots away but an abrasive take often leaves skin angry and red – not ideal. Dont even get us started on the toothpaste myth.
Causes / Triggers / Risk Factors Of Acne
Certain triggers are reported to cause Acne.
- Puberty is the most common trigger
- Lack of sleep or sleep Irregularities
- Hormonal changes
- Certain Medications such as Steroids
- Dandruff can cause pimples on forehead
- Humidity and excessive sweating
- Harsh Environment: Pollution, Aggressive skincare products, toxins, ultraviolet rays
- Smoking and alcohol consumption
- Diet: Dark chocolates, food containing high sugar content or sweets and excessive use of milk products may worsen acne
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Hypertrophic Scars And Keloids
Poonsak Pornnatwuttikul/Alamy Natallia Mikulich/Shutterstock
Some types of acne leave scars that appear as enlarged, raised growths of tissue. These acne scars are caused by too much scar tissue. Hypertrophic scars and keloids look similar, but the latter are more raised than the former.
More on Managing Acne
Following The Right Skincare Regime And Using Appropriate Creams And Products Can Make A Big Difference
Theres plenty you can do to prevent acne scars and dark spots from forming in the first place. Most importantly: dont pick, pop or squeeze! This will only worsen inflammation and spread infection. Also, although its tempting to scrub those spots away, in fact harsh or abrasive cleansers are more likely to increase the inflammation responsible for scarring and red or brown marks.
Finally, remember that the sun is a top enemy when it comes to marks. It stimulates the melanin production responsible for brown marks and can make red marks look angrier than ever. Make sure you incorporate SPF into your acne care routine with a product like EFFACLAR Duo SPF30. See below for a complete routine to prevent acne marks and scars.
When it comes to daily care, be sure to follow an effectiveacne-fighting regime and use specific products to treat spots and pimples. La Roche-Posay has developed the EFFACLAR range of products specifically to care for acne-prone skin.
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Its hard enough to get rid of acne, and frustratingly, guys often find themselves wondering how to get rid of acne scars immediately after they vanquish it. Those dark spots or tiny divots in the skin where acne used to be can linger. Typically when you get a pimple, it heals healthily into clear skinits like there was never a blemish in the first place. But thats not always the case, and people experience scarring to varying degrees, from one-off marks to the more drastic scars left behind by cystic acne.
If youre nodding along, stay optimistic: Not all scarring is eternal. But its best tackled with a thorough and targeted skincare regimen. In many cases youll want to talk to a dermatologist, as the most serious routines will involve both OTC products and targeted prescriptions. But to give you a preview of that process might look like, we spoke with dermatologist David Lortscher, CEO and founder of Curology skincare for his expertise on how to get rid of acne scars.
Lemon Juice Is Great To Remove Dark Spots
Image: 123rfBeing a citrus fruit, lemon has a high vitamin C content. It is also a famous ingredient in DIY home remedies for treating dull skin and extreme pigmentation. Applying a pack with lemon juice will benefit anyone with oily acne prone skin and it will fade away dark spots quickly.
Tip:Make a face mask of one tablespoon honey and one tablespoon lemon juice. Leave it on for 15 minutes and then rinse it off.
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Microdermabrasion Helps Remove Dark Spots
Image: 123rfMicrodermabrasion is an in-salon treatment wherein tiny particle exfoliating agents are blasted onto the skin in order to remove dead skin cells and dark spots caused by acne for smooth even-toned skin. Some microdermabrasion treatments include an exfoliating device with a diamond-tipped head that is run across your skin to remove the dark spots and other blemishes.
Tip:Make sure the salon professional does a full skin check up before suggesting this treatment to you.
Dark Spots And Scars On The Buttocks
Dark spots are caused by hyperpigmentation, which occurs because of increased skin irritation. The extra melanocytes cause dark patches on the skin.
Dark spots on the buttocks may be due to scarring from acne that was previously on the skin. The scarring can have hyperpigmentation, which causes a dark appearance on the skin. This is typically caused by not treating your acne properly or picking at it instead of letting it heal naturally.
Scarring occurs from over-scrubbing, skin irritation, and over-exfoliating of the areas. Scarring may cause dark spots and hyperpigmentation to occur on the skin, but it may also be from a trauma to the area. Scarring and dark spots are similar in make-up and therefore require similar treatments to help with their appearance.
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How To Get Rid Of Acne Scars Fast
Mild acne scarring can stick around for months if left but with the right ingredients and treatments, you can speed this process up to a couple weeks or even a few days. Its a good idea to start treating acne scars as soon as possible, the longer you leave them, the harder it is to get rid of acne scars. Thats why weve suggested using the products listed above, which contain Vitamin C, Alpha Hydroxy Acids and Retinol.
Severe acne scarring and pitted scars tend to be permanent unless you opt for in-clinic treatments. Some of these procedures weve suggested, which include microdermabrasion, chemical peels and micro-needling, can help to get ride of acne scars quickly, while others can also take weeks or months for you to see improvement.
Make An Egg White Mask
Egg whites are not only easy to find, but they are also extremely effective when healing any type of scarring.
Acne scars on the back tend to be the hardest to get rid of, but the egg whites will really help because of the amount of protein they contain.
You dont need to whisk the whites. You want them running, so they can act as a mask. Apply them directly to the scarring, and you will visibly see a reduction in them within a few days.
Why does the protein matter?
This is how cellular tissue is formed.
Your skin needs it to heal, and while you can get it by eating it, youre speeding up the process by applying it directly to your skin.
This is something you can do overnight or just in the hours before you go to bed.
Use some warm water to wash it off and pat dry with a clean towel.
You can also mix it with something like Aloe Vera gel to help see results as soon as possible.
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How To Reduce The Possibility Of Getting Dark Spots After A Breakout
The chances of getting post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or dark spots after an acne breakout can be greatly reduced during your breakout depending on how you handle your skin.
When pimples show up on our faces it is incredibly difficult to fight the urge to touch, pick or try to squeeze them. Unfortunately anything that increases the amount of time that inflammation on the skin lasts also increases the chances of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Acne Scars Or Hyperpigmentation
Acne scarring and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can both occur after a breakout, but the two are actually very different and thus a different approach is required when it comes to fading them.
“Acne scars occur when too much collagen forms in a particular spot when a wound is healing,” explains dermatologist Dr Dennis Gross. “The scar often develops within the dermis, where the original acne-caused inflammation formed.”
When someone has cystic acne, there’s a higher probability of having rolling or boxcar scarring especially if they are picked at before they are ready, or too aggressively,” says Marshall. Aesthetic practitioner and ambassador for Filorga, Dr Philippe Hamida-Pisal agrees. “Acne scarring is due to touching and squeezing spots. This damages small veins, glands and tissues surrounding the spots which creates scarring,” he says.
Unlike acne scarring, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is simply a form of skin pigmentation , which occurs as a result of trauma to the skin. As it doesn’t damage the follicle, it isn’t considered a true form of scarring.
According to Ayodele, certain skin types and tones are more likely to experience this post-acne redness. “Darker skin tones are more prone to hyperpigmentation because of the increased levels on melanin in the skin. This means that whenever there is any trauma, the melanin cells quickly leap into action to produce more melanin to defend and protect against that trauma,” she says.
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What Causes Acne Scars
Inflammatory acne can cause painful, swollen, red, and deep skin lesions that damage the skin and underlying collagen. As these lesions heal, the body produces collagen. Too much or too little collagen production results in acne scars that dont look like the surrounding skin.
A few factors can increase the risk of scarring, including:
- delaying treatment for inflammatory acne
- picking or popping acne
- the severity of the acne, which usually correlates to the amount of scarring a person will experience
Hyperpigmentation is a darkened patch where skin has healed. It occurs when inflammatory acne increases the amount of melanin in skin. This pigment gives skin its color. Dark spots usually affect people with darker skin.
Hyperpigmentation Vs Acne Scars
PIH is not technically a type of acne scarring. True acne scars are hypertrophic or atrophic, meaning they are either higher or lower than the skins surface. Hyperpigmentation is a cluster of melanin and not three-dimensional.
Whereas PIH fades after a few months, acne scars will typically remain for life without treatment. An individual may experience both PIH and acne scars over the same area of skin.
Most acne scar treatments that exfoliate the skin or encourage cell regeneration are equally effective on PIH. PIH can also be treated with skin-lightening products that do not affect true acne scars.
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How To Get Rid Of Dark Spots Caused By Acne: Fastest Treatments Home Remedies And More
- Dark spots caused by acne are known as postinflammatory hyperpigmentation
- They are caused by excess melanin production during the acne healing process
- These spots are not permanent and will fade over time
- You can speed up the recovery process with over-the-counter products and home remedies
Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation is the technical term for dark spots caused by pimples. PIH fades naturally on its own after a few months, but if you would like to know how to get rid of acne dark spots more quickly, you have several options. These include over-the-counter products, at-home remedies and professional treatments.
Tips For Clearing Acne In Skin Of Color
How to treat acne in skin of color
For people with skin of color, acne is often accompanied by dark spots or patches called hyperpigmentation. Fortunately, there are plenty of things people with skin of color can do at home to help clear their acne, as well as the dark spots that linger afterwards.
The term skin of color refers to diverse skin types and complexions. It includes people of African, Asian, Latino, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and Native American descent.
People who have skin of color share some common skin-care concerns. Near the top of this list is how to get rid of acne and the dark spots that often appear when acne clears.
The secret to seeing clearer skin lies in knowing what really works when it comes to treating darker skin types. Below youll find 10 tips that science shows can lead to clearer skin.
1. Treat both the acne and the dark spots.Many people seek a dermatologist’s help for the dark spots, which can last much longer than the acne. It’s important to treat the acne, too. When you get rid of the acne, you eliminate what’s causing the dark spots.
Acne and dark spots
Dermatologists recommend treating acne and dark spots at the same time.
Spots and patches of darker skin
Keloids, a type of raised scar
Do not pop pimples
If you pick, pop, or squeeze acne, you increase your risk of getting a scar.
Retinol: This can unclog pores and fade dark spots.
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Acne Scar Treatment No : Wear Spf
It might seem like the simplest way to get rid of acne scars and we bang on about it a lot but SPF really does solve all your skin troubles. Not only does it protect against the dreaded sun damage but it helps avoid the more long term risk of skin cancer and, in turn, the marks it can leave on your skin.
But SPF is never more crucial than when youre using acids, retinol or extensive treatments that can leave your skin vulnerable. ‘The skin is more vulnerable to damage and pigmentation change following acne treatments such as IPL laser and even using products that contain AHAs and BHAs and pigmentation spots can potentially get worse is SPF is not applied,’ says Dr. Mahto.
So SPF up ASAP.
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