Take A Fish Oil Supplement
Omega-3 fatty acids are healthy fats that offer a multitude of health benefits.
You must get these fats from your diet, but research shows that most people who eat a standard Western diet dont get enough of them .
Fish oils contain two main types of omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid .
High levels of EPA and DHA have been shown to decrease inflammatory factors, which may reduce the risk of acne .
In one study, 45 individuals with acne were given omega-3 fatty acid supplements containing both EPA and DHA daily. After 10 weeks, their acne decreased significantly .
Theres no specific recommended daily intake of omega-3 fatty acids. The 20152020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that healthy adults consume around 250 mg of combined EPA and DHA each day .
You can also get omega-3 fatty acids by eating salmon, sardines, anchovies, walnuts, chia seeds, and ground flax seeds.
Fish oils contain two main types of omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA. Taking a fish oil supplement may help decrease acne.
While these results indicate that exfoliation may improve skin health and appearance, more research is needed on acne.
There are a wide variety of exfoliation products available, but you can also make a scrub at home using sugar or salt.
If you choose to try mechanical exfoliation, be sure to gently rub your skin to avoid damaging it.
How To Make A Honey And Cinnamon Mask
Honey and cinnamon have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. They may help reduce acne, but more studies are needed.
Tea tree oil is an essential oil thats extracted from the leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia, a small tree native to Australia.
Its well known for its ability to fight bacteria and reduce skin inflammation (
Tea tree oil has strong anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Applying it to the skin may reduce acne.
Say Goodbye To Acne Scars
Each persons journey to heal their acne and minimize their scars is unique, so there is no one-size-fits-all acne scar treatment plan. The best way to improve your skin texture is to see a board-certified dermatologist who understands how to treat different types of scars and discoloration. Come see the smooth skin experts at the Dermatology and Skin Surgery Center of Wilmington to create an individualized plan to heal your scars today.
If youre ready to smooth away your acne scars, get in touch with the Dermatology and Skin Surgery Center of Wilmington. Call us at to schedule a smooth skin consultation.
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What You Can Do
Acne-related hyperpigmentation occurs when dark patches develop after a blemish has healed. Although hyperpigmentation is harmless, it can be frustrating to deal with.
If youre experiencing acne-related hyperpigmentation, you arent alone. Talk to your dermatologist about your options for over-the-counter and professional treatment.
The exact treatment you choose will depend on the severity of your condition, as well as your skin type and tone. Your dermatologist can help you find the best option for your skin.
Read on to learn more about how you can fade this form of hyperpigmentation with OTC products, prescription creams, and more.
How To Treat Dark Spots Caused By A Skin Care Product
When a skin or hair care product irritates your skin, the product can cause dark spots on your skin.
If you’re seeing dark spots, try using gentler products. They’re less likely to irritate your skin.
Products that are gentle on the skin are often labeled “for sensitive skin.” You may also see “fragrance-free” on the label.
When your skin in no longer irritated, new dark spots tend to stop appearing and existing spots often clear on their own over time.
Could a medication be causing your dark spots?
Dont stop taking it. That could make you very sick. Ask the doctor who prescribed the medication if discolored skin is a possible side effect. If it is, ask if you could switch to another medication.
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So How Does Acne Cause Pigmentation
We probably dont need to tell you not to squeeze acne if you want to avoid lasting pigmentation and acne scarring. However, even if you sit on your hands for the life of a pimple, you can still end up with a brown, red or purple spot that lingers. Unlike pitted acne scars, this acne hyperpigmentation is flat. But why exactly does it happen?
It all comes down to the skins inflammatory repair response. When bacteria infect a clogged pore, inflammation occurs, and a pimple appears. As a result of this inflammation, melanin production spikes, leading to those annoying marks that can outlast the breakout itself. This is known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation .
While commonly caused by acne, PIH can also result from wounds. Its also brought about by skin trauma so DO NOT PICK if you want to avoid exacerbating inflammation!
Skin Discoloration: The Basics
Skin discoloration occurs when certain patches of your skin produce extra melanin, the natural pigment that gives your skin its color.
A variety of things can cause skin discoloration. Small dark spots may develop after an acne breakout, while skin conditions such as melasma may cause gray-brown patches to develop on your skin.
Sometimes, dark spots may develop on your skin over time. These are known as age spots and usually develop in areas that get lots of sunlight.
You may have a higher risk of developing discoloration on your face and other parts of your body if you have skin of color.
Skin discoloration is almost always treatable. Most of the time, you can treat changes in your skin color with a mix of skin care products, medications and changes to your habits and lifestyle.
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How To Prevent Skin Discoloration
1. Protect your skin from sun exposure. Always apply sunscreen while stepping outside.
2. Avoid harsh skincare products, bleaches or skin lightening creams.
3. Keep yourself hydrated and moisturize your skin daily.
4. Treat acne, injuries or inflammatory conditions immediately to prevent skin discolorations.
5. Avoid smoking.
6. Avoid foods that disturb the hormonal balance in your body.
Hands Off Bug Bites Blackheads And Other Injuries
As tempting as it might be to scratch a mosquito bite or squeeze a stubborn blackhead, think back to your mother’s warning “Don’t pick!” and pay attention. “Scratching and picking at a spot will only increase the inflammation that’s responsible for skin discoloration,” says Jeanine Downie, MD, a dermatologist and the director of Image Dermatology in Montclair, New Jersey. “The more you mess with it now, the worse it’ll look later.” That said, the sooner you treat hyperpigmentation, the easier it will be to erase. The pigment in brown spots can move deeper into the skin over time, she explains.
Start with topical OTC whitening creams. Treatments containing ingredients like vitamin C, licorice root, and kojic acid help reduce hyperpigmentation by inhibiting tyrosinase, an enzyme responsible for the formation of skin-darkening melanin,” says Ni’Kita Wilson, a cosmetic chemist. Other spot-eradicating ingredients to look for in OTC treatments include hydroquinone, soy, arbutin, vitamin E, niacinamide, and n-acetyl glucosamine, according to the Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery. Its important to read package instructions carefully, as applying too much of these products can be irritating to the skin. In addition, be patient: It can take weeks, even months, for OTC skin lightening agents to work.
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Post Inflammation Injury Or Burns
A. Linseed Oil & Honey
Linseed oil is a widely used treatment for skin burns and injuries in Ayurvedic medicine. Mix linseed oil and honey in equal parts and apply twice daily to remove skin discoloration from injuries and burns.
B. Blackcurrant Leaf & Mustard/ Sesame Oil
To heal skin discoloration from burns, inflammation and tissue damage, apply a paste of blackcurrant leaves and mustard/sesame oil. Regular application can quicken new skin generation and fade the pigmented patches.
Skin Discoloration Risk Factors
Although skin discoloration is a relatively common problem, certain factors may increase your risk of developing melasma, dark spots and other types of discoloration.
You may have a higher risk of developing skin discoloration if you:
Are female. Some forms of skin discoloration, such as melasma, are more common in women than in men. For example, women make up 90 percent of people who develop melasma.
Have skin of color. Skin discoloration tends to be more common in people with skin of color, which contains more melanocytes. You may have a higher risk of developing melasma or other types of skin discoloration if you are of African American, Latin/Hispanic, Indian, North African, Middle Eastern, Asian or Mediterranean descent.
Have relatives with pigmentation disorders. Some skin pigmentation disorders, such as melasma, are more common in people with relatives who also have melasma.
Spent lots of time in direct sunlight. UV radiation from sunlight stimulates your skin to produce melanin. This can worsen age spots, melasma, moles and other forms of skin discoloration.
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Why Does Hyperpigmentation Occur After Acne
Hyperpigmentation acne marks form towards the end of the healing process or once the acne blemish heals.
Whiteheads and blackheads don’t ‘heal.’ Instead, the dead skin and the oil are eliminated, and the pore quickly returns to its normal state. Cysts and pimples, on the other hand, require some healing. This is where hyperpigmentation steps in.
One of the first steps in the healing process is to increase blood flow to the wound site. And acne, to some extent, fits the definition of a minor skin wound, so blood flow increases when acne forms.
The wound releases certain chemicals that travel through the bloodstream and begin the healing process but also cause inflammation. These chemicals stimulate the cells that produce the skin’s pigment.
Both researchers and dermatologists agree that inflammation plays a significant role in hyperpigmentation. But, there’s a lot more to study what causes hyperpigmentation acne.
As you read earlier, melanin produces pigment and melanin is produced by melanocytes. The longer a wound takes to heal, the longer the stimulation of melanocytes and more the release of melanin. This is how acne turns into hyperpigmentation acne marks.
One of the biggest culprits of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation caused by acne is picking zits. The best post-acne hyperpigmentation treatment is to avoid it in the first place.
When Should You See A Doctor?
If you notice changes in an existing spot, you should have a dermatologist or physician examine it.
Apply Green Tea To Your Skin
Green tea is very high in antioxidants, and drinking it can promote good health.
It may also help reduce acne. This is likely because the polyphenols in green tea help fight bacteria and reduce inflammation, which are two main causes of acne .
There isnt much research exploring the benefits of drinking green tea when it comes to acne, and more studies are needed.
In one small study with 80 women, participants took 1,500 mg of green tea extract daily for 4 weeks. By the end of the study, women who took the extract had less acne on their noses, chins, and around their mouths .
Research has also found that drinking green tea may lower blood sugar and insulin levels, which are factors that can contribute to the development of acne .
Many studies also indicate that applying green tea directly to the skin may help with acne.
Research shows that the main antioxidant in green tea epigallocatechin-3-gallate reduces sebum production, fights inflammation, and inhibits the growth of P. acnes in individuals with acne-prone skin .
Multiple studies have found that applying green tea extract to the skin significantly reduces sebum production and pimples in those with acne .
You can buy creams and lotions that contain green tea, but its just as easy to make your own mixture at home.
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What Are Acne Scars
A generalised term, acne scarring can be used to refer to a multitude of different marks that a breakout may leave behind. “Acne scars come in different forms, including rolling, boxcar and ice-pick scars,” explains Pamela Marshall, clinical aesthetician and founder of Mortar & Milk.
While most types of scarring can be treated via various methods, there is one subset that requires specialist treatment, as aesthetician and founder of West Room Aesthetics Dija Ayodele explains. “Be wary that keloid scarring, which darker skin can be prone to, can make you contraindicated to treatment that works on the basis of inducing a mild trauma to the skin, such as chemical peels and microneedling. If youve got this type of scarring, it’s best to see a doctor or dermatologist that can provide steroid shots or advise on removing with surgery.”
How To Get Rid Of Post
When it comes to brightening dark hyperpigmentation, vitamin C should be a key weapon in your skincare arsenal. “I absolutely love it for many reasons. Its benefits are endless, including revitalising and brightening the skin while stimulating your bodys natural production of collagen,” says Dr Gross. “Not only does it help to lighten and break up pigmentation you might already have, but it also prevents dark spots from forming in the future.
Light as water, this potent vitamin C serum is ideal for layering.
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What Are Common Side Effects Of Acne Scar Medications
As with any medication, there are always potential side effects. Many topically applied acne medications may result in itchy, red, or burning skin. Oral medications may result in nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mood changes, or changes to vision. These side effects may occur upon beginning treatment, but they should subside. Contact your doctor or pharmacist if your side effects persist or worsen.
Acne scar medications may also cause allergic reactions that result in hives, difficulty breathing, or dry eyes, throat, and mouth. You should seek immediate medical care if you believe you are experiencing an allergic reaction.
This list of side effects is not comprehensive. Ask a healthcare professional for more details regarding the possible side effects of a particular medication.
What Causes Acne Scars
Living with acne scars can be physically and emotionally difficult for people of all ages. Acne occurs when pores in the skin become clogged with oil, dirt, and bacteria. This results in inflammation, or blemishes, that manifest as blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples. These blemishes often leave behind scars and discoloration. Understanding what causes acne scars and how to treat them is a great first step toward management and healing.
Acne can leave dark spots, discoloration, pits in the skin, or raised scars. Some milder scars may go away on their own, but severe scarring often requires topical medication, oral medication, or the use of certain therapies like dermabrasion.
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Acne Scars Or Hyperpigmentation
Acne scarring and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can both occur after a breakout, but the two are actually very different and thus a different approach is required when it comes to fading them.
“Acne scars occur when too much collagen forms in a particular spot while a wound is healing,” explains dermatologist Dr Dennis Gross. “The scar often develops within the dermis, where the original acne-induced inflammation formed.”
When someone has cystic acne, there’s a higher probability of having rolling or boxcar scarring especially if they are picked at before they are ready, or too aggressively,” says Marshall. Aesthetic practitioner and ambassador for Filorga, Dr Philippe Hamida-Pisal agrees. “Acne scarring is due to touching and squeezing spots. This damages small veins, glands and tissues surrounding the spots which creates scarring,” he says.
Unlike acne scarring, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is simply a form of skin pigmentation , which occurs as a result of trauma to the skin. As it doesn’t damage the follicle, it isn’t considered a true form of scarring.
According to Ayodele, certain skin types and tones are more likely to experience this post-acne redness. “Darker skin tones are more prone to hyperpigmentation because of the higher levels on melanin in the skin. This means that whenever there is any trauma, the melanin cells quickly leap into action to produce more melanin to defend and protect against that trauma,” she says.
How To Fade Acne Scars
True acne scarring appears as indentations on the skin. It is common for acne patients to scar on the sides of the forehead because there are a lot of sebaceous glands along this area. To help fade acne scars, it is important to use a Vitamin C and sunscreen every morning. Dr. Zenovias Vitamin C Brightening Toner is an antioxidant-rich toner that hydrates, replenishes, and conditions the skin while helping to improve the appearance of an uneven tone and texture. At night, using Glycolic Acid and Retinol a few times a week can help improve the appearance of scarring over time. For a nighttime moisturizer, Dr. Zenovia recommends her Aloe Vera Blemish Soothing Moisturizer which is formulated for acne-prone skin experiencing redness.
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Why Does Skin Discoloration Develop
Most skin discoloration develops when your skin produces extra melanin, the pigment that gives your skin its natural color.
Melanin is produced by melanocytes, special skin cells that are located in the base layer of your epidermis. As a protective pigment, melanin plays an important role in protecting your skin from the harmful effects of UV radiation.
When your skin is exposed to UV radiation from direct sunlight, your melanocytes produce more melanin and your skin becomes darker.
Most forms of skin discoloration develop when certain areas of your skin produce more melanin than others.
For example, age spots develop when melanin is produced in high concentrations by small clusters of cells. This can result in small spots on your skin with a darker color than the surrounding skin.
Similarly, experts believe that melasma — a skin pigmentation disorder that causes larger areas of discolored skin — occurs when melanocytes in some parts of your skin produce an excessive amount of color.