Maintain A Healthy Breastfeeding Diet
Most moms choose to feed their newborns exclusively breast milk for the first several months of their childs life, if not longer. This, of course, means that the only nutrients the baby receives come directly from their mothers milk.
Thats a wonderful choice, as studies have shown breastfeeding to have a number of important health benefits for infants. However, it does mean that mothers who breastfeed should be extra careful about what they put into their bodies. Follow our tips to have the healthiest breastfeeding diet possible!
What Can I Do To Treat Baby Acne
Baby acne typically clears on its own and treatment is more a matter of taking good care of your babys skin while they have it. Best practices include washing your babys face with lukewarm water and mild baby soap daily, followed by a gentle pat dry. Never pinch or scrub the acne and avoid lotions or oils unless your pediatrician or dermatologist recommends them.
While some natural remedies like coconut oil, dietary changes and breast milk have been reported to help with baby acne inflammation, it goes without saying that its essential to consult with your pediatrician before trying any treatment.
Try A Scent And Color Free Detergent
The best way to treat baby acne is to prevent it from developing. Sometimes the harsh chemicals and additives found in our detergents can remain in clothes and bedding. If your baby already has sensitive skin, it could cause, or worsen, the acne.
Avoid using these products and, instead, opt for scent and color free detergent. These are natural and much milder for your babys skin.
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Fight & Prevent Baby Acne With A Gentle Cleansing Product
Keeping baby acne under control and even getting rid of it completely can be as simple as cleaning your baby with a gentle cleansing product regularly. But you dont want to clean their delicate, sensitive skin with just any cleanser.
Its best to use one thats specially formulated for newborns. We recommend using a product that contains micellar water, like Mustelas Gentle No Rinse Cleansing Water, so it does not dry out their sensitive skin.
Best of all, Mustelas Gentle No Rinse Cleansing Water doesnt require rinsing and is great for when youre on the go!
Micellar water is composed of tiny cleansing oil molecules suspended in super-soft water. It dissolves dirt and impurities to cleanse your babys skin without stripping off its natural oils. And because Mustelas Gentle No Rinse Cleansing Water contains no parabens, phthalates, or phenoxyethanol, its safe to use on children of any age.
When To See A Doctor
You may need to see a dermatologist if your babys acne doesnt resolve within several months. You should also visit a dermatologist if your baby has infantile acne after they are 6 weeks old. Following a doctors advice can help prevent infantile acne from causing scars.
The doctor will look at your baby and make sure the skin condition is in fact acne. Its possible to mistake acne with another skin condition, so your doctor will want to rule out other possibilities like rashes, infection, or skin irritation.
Your doctor may ask you if other people in your family have acne, and what kind of products youve been applying to your babys skin. If youre using multiple products, be prepared to list them all.
If your baby develops acne after theyre 6 weeks old, it could be a sign of another issue. Your baby’s doctor may want to do an x-ray or blood test to investigate.
Make sure to tell your doctor if your baby has had any other symptoms like fever, other skin problems, or abnormal behavior.
Most cases of infantile acne last six months to a year or longer. Children with infantile acne can have more severe acne when they are teenagers.
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Treatment For Baby Acne
Even though baby acne can look similar to adult acne, you must treat it differently. Keep in mind that infant skin is sensitive, and handling it incorrectly could result in scarring.
Additionally, never try to pop any pimples or squeeze any blackheads. Yes, I know it may be tempting. But, not only can you increase the chance of infection.
So, to all of you pimple-popping mommas, here are a few ways to treat your babys acne.
Breast Milk And Baby Acne
A great, natural remedy for treating the appearance of baby acne is breast milk.
Breast milk contains anti-infective and anti-inflammatory properties that are beneficial to your babys skin cells.
To treat baby acne, simply dab some expressed milk on the affected area a few times a day and allow it to air dry.
This can help to reduce the amount and severity of acne.
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How To Get Rid Of Baby Acne
Unfortunately, there’s not much you can do about infant acne, besides being patient. A few baby acne treatment tips:
- Dont squeeze, pick or scrub acne.
- Cleanse the area with warm water two times a day. Pat skin dry gently.
- Dont use soap or lotion on affected areas.
- Avoid acne or other skin care products meant for adults.
- Try natural baby acne home remedies to treat it: Some moms suggest that dabbing the affected area with breast milk can help speed the healing process.
- Ask your doctor about prescription or over-the-counter medication that might help and be safe for your baby.
Baby Acne Versus Infantile Acne
Baby acne differs from infantile acne. Infantile acne is much less common and can present with open comedones or blackheads, while baby acne does not. Cysts or nodules are also sometimes seen with infantile acne and the condition can result in scarring without treatment. Infantile acne can persist until the baby is two years old.
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Newborn Acne Is Generally Nothing To Worry About
About 20% of newborns have a type of acne called neonatal acne. Youll usually see it at about 2 weeks of age. However, it can develop any time before 6 weeks of age. Sometimes, a baby is born with acne.
If your newborn has acne, youll usually see breakouts on your babys cheeks and nose. Acne can also appear on a babys forehead, chin, scalp, neck, back, or chest.
Neonatal acne is generally nothing to worry about. It rarely causes a scar and tends to go away on its own in a few weeks to months.
How To Treat Cradle Cap
The prognosis of cradle cap is good, as it can heal on its own. Because of this, treatment shouldnt be aggressive. The Spanish Pediatric Association recommends the following treatment options:
- Topical corticosteroids. Moderate-potency topical corticosteroids are the treatment of choice. They tend to yield results in a few days.
- Keratolytics. You can apply 3% or 5% salicylic petroleum jelly to the babys scalp to thin the patches. You can also apply oily substances such as olive oil. Leave them on for one to two hours and then clean them. After that, you can apply a moderate-potency corticosteroid cream.
- Shampoos. Shampoos with sulfur, zinc pyrithione, or tar can also be useful. However, its a good idea to individualize the treatment because they can potentially irritate the babys skin.
- Antifungals. Given the potential role of some fungi in this condition, you can use either an antifungal cream or shampoo, depending on the location of the patches. They usually work slower than topical corticosteroids.
- Oral corticosteroids. In very generalized and severe cases, medical professionals may prescribe oral corticosteroids.
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What You Need To Know About Milia And Baby Acne
In our third installment covering infant skin issues, well be discussing milia and baby acne. Unlike some of the skin conditions weve covered, milia and baby acne are not rashes.
Milia are tiny white bumps that appear on a babys nose, chin, cheeks, or eyelids. These bumps tend to appear in groups or clusters of small white or yellowish bumps. A single milium can range from less than 1 millimeter up to 3 millimeters in size. Although they are very common in newborn babies, they can appear at any age.
There are two basic types of milia:
- Primary: the most common form of milia, especially on babies, appears on healthy skin. They frequently occur on the eyelids, forehead, cheeks, or genitals.
- Secondary: also known as traumatic milia, this type appears on skin that has acne, infection, or is in otherwise damaged condition. Secondary milia often appear on skin that has been damaged by burns, rashes, blisters, reaction to a topical cream/ointment, or even excessive exposure to sunlight. The milia develop as the skin heals. In this instance, it is more common to occur on older children or adults than on newborns.
How To Treat Baby Acne
If your baby does develop acne, you can follow these suggestions to help manage it:
- If your baby first develops acne after they are six weeks old, be sure to schedule a check-up with your pediatrician to rule out any other skin condition.
- Only use warm water and mild soap for cleaning.
- Don’t scrub or pick at the acne, because that can cause a skin infection.
- Do not use any oils on your baby’s face.
- Don’t use any over-the-counter medications without asking the pediatrician, as some of the products may do more harm than good to the baby’s skin.
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How To Treat Cradle Cap And Baby Acne
01 November, 2020
Cradle cap and baby acne are skin conditions that appear early, practically from birth.
Cradle cap mainly affects a newborns scalp. However, it can spread to the face, mainly to the center of the face and the folds around the nose, behind the ears, neck, navel, armpits, or groin.
Cradle cap is a rash characterized by red scaly patches. They may be covered in oily-looking yellowish patches. The patches are painless or itchy. Although they can be difficult to remove, theyre benign and usually disappear on their own.
Common Types Of Baby Acne
If your newborn develops neonatal acne, the more common form of baby acne, it will generally appear within the first two weeks of life. If, however, the appearance of your babys skin shows the signs of acne at six months or later, then it could be infantile acne. Infantile acne looks similar to neonatal acne but may persist for one-to-two years and, in severe cases, may result in scarring as well as an increased incidence of adolescent acne.5
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What Causes Baby Acne
Even though the condition is very common, researchers still havent determined exactly what causes baby acne.
In spite of this uncertainty, there are several theories floating around. Some sources suggest it might be caused by the transfer of hormones from the mother to the baby prior to birth, by the presence of yeast on the skins surface, or by the fact that babies pores are undeveloped and may not be fully equipped to fend off pimple-causing bacteria.
Others suggest thatcertain medications may increase the likelihood of a baby developing acne. Still others speculate that an imbalance in gut flora may be to blame.
No matter the cause, natural treatment and prevention strategies may help speed up this process.
While baby acne generally goes away on its own, there are several steps parents can take to facilitate healing. Below well provide guidelines for treating baby acne on the face as well as on the body or chest.
Baby Acne on the Face
Here are some of the best ways to help treat acne on your babys face:
1. Dont squeeze or pop pimples.
Tempting as it may be, popping your babys pimples will only provoke skin irritation and increase the risk of infection, thereby escalating the problem. Popping pimples also increases the risk of scarring, so resist the urge to squeeze.
2. Clean your babys face regularly.
Make sure not to scrub at the acne with a towel or other abrasive product. Pat dry instead of rubbing at your babys face to help avoid additional irritation.
Who Can Treat Back Acne At Home
You may see clearer skin from treating it yourself if you:
Have a few blemishes on your back
Developed back acne recently
Have a mix of whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples on your back, but nothing thats painful or goes deep into the skin
Anyone who has deep, painful acne on their back will need a dermatologists help.
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Keep Your Babys Face Clean
Wash your babys face daily with warm water. Bath time is a great time to do this. You dont even need to use anything but water, but if you want to, look for a mild soap or soap-free cleanser. Dont hesitate to ask the pediatrician for recommendations.
Fragrance-free products are least likely to irritate your babys skin.
Newborn Baby Acne: Causes Signs And Treatment
Your gorgeous little angel has finally arrived into the world bearing delicate and soft skin. However, a few weeks after her birth you may notice pimple-like spots on her face. It’s likely she has infant acne, which is quite a common condition in newborns. Learn more about what is newborn acne, its causes and how you can treat the rash on baby’s face and delicate skin during this period.
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How To Differentiate Baby Acne From Eczema
Infantile acne is different from eczema, which is why it’s important to take your baby to a doctor if they develop redness after 6 weeks of age. That way a pediatrician can rule out any other skin or medical conditions.
One key difference between eczema and infantile acne is that eczema will not have any pustules. Instead, eczema will look like rough areas of dry, scaly, or inflamed patches of skin.
If your baby does have eczema, the treatment will be different, so it is important to determine the cause of your baby’s acne before getting treatment. “Eczema treatment requires thorough daily moisturizing and sometimes medicated creams which are different from topical medications used for acne,” Gagin says.
Pat Your Baby Dry After A Bath
Towels can be notoriously coarse…especially on your babys tender skin. And if they suffer from baby acne, the feeling can be even worse.
To keep bath towels from wreaking havoc on your babys acne, always pat their skin dry instead of rubbing. Rubbing with a rough cloth like a towel or washcloth can remove skin cells , which, in most cases, is a good thing. But for your babys already-irritated skin, it can cause more problems.
Similarly, the heat created by rubbing your little one dry can contribute to the discomfort caused by baby acne. Always gently pat your babys skin dry.
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When To See The Pediatrician About Baby Acne
Generally speaking, theres no need to see your pediatrician specifically for baby acne. If youre concerned about trying to prevent or get rid of baby acne on the face, or youre not sure whether its infant acne or something else, its never a bad idea to discuss it with babys pediatrician. It can be reassuring to find out exactly whats going on with babys skin and, in the case of baby acne, to hear directly from the doctor that its truly nothing to be concerned about.
About the experts:
Katie Pyle, DO, is a pediatrician at UCHealth Pediatric Care Clinic in Firestone, Colorado, with a clinical interest in newborn care. She earned her medical degree from Lincoln Memorial University-DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine.
Meagan ONeill, MD, is a pediatrician with Riley Childrens Health in Indianapolis. She earned her medical degree from Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis.
Omar Baker, MD, FAAP, is an assistant clinical professor in the department of pediatrics at Columbia University and co-president of Riverside Medical Group in Northern New Jersey. He earned his medical degree from George Washington University.
Please note: The Bump and the materials and information it contains are not intended to, and do not constitute, medical or other health advice or diagnosis and should not be used as such. You should always consult with a qualified physician or health professional about your specific circumstances.
Natural Remedies For Baby Acne
If youre eager to test out natural home remedies to treat babys skin, its smart to first check in with your pediatrician, who can assess your childs skin and make sure those treatments wont cause any additional harm. Most natural remedies arent well studied in children, so its hard to predict what side effects may occur, ONeill says. Particularly with something you may be putting on your babys skin, you might run the risk of causing further irritation or inflammation. Some natural remedies for baby acne that you may want to discuss with babys doctor include:
Coconut oil. Coconut oil is a tried-and-true baby acne treatment around the world and one Baker recommends to his own pediatric patients. This ultra-hydrating oil can help moisturize babys skinjust add a few drops to a cotton ball and swab over babys face.
Changing your diet. Nursing? It may be worth discussing your current breastfeeding diet with your pediatrician, who may recommend cutting back on certain foods, like dairy or citrus. While these arent the direct causes of baby acne, eliminating them may help improve babys overall skin condition, especially if theyre also dealing with eczema.
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