Why Dermatologists Recommend Treating Acne
While acne will eventually go away on its own, dermatologists recommend treating acne for these reasons:
You avoid years of breakouts. Acne can last a long time. Most teenage boys who have acne will continue to have breakouts until they are 20 to 25 years old. A teenage girl can expect her acne to last into her 20s or longer. About 5% of women continue to have acne in their 40s.
You prevent worsening acne. Left untreated, acne can worsen. What starts out as a few pimples can progress to widespread blackheads, whiteheads, and deep, painful pimples. Theres no way to know if this will happen to you. However, you have a greater risk if a close blood relative had deep, painful acne that left permanent acne scars.
If acne becomes severe, it can diminish self-esteem. Many research studies have shown that people who have severe acne tend to have higher rates of depression and anxiety than do people without acne.
You sidestep possible acne scars. All types of acne from blackheads to deep, painful nodules can cause scarring. Acne scars can be permanent. By treating acne early before it worsens, you can prevent these scars.
What Is The Best Surgical Treatment For Acne Scars
Subcision : One of the causes of depressed scars is collagen fiber that pulls down the skin’s surface. In Subcutaneous incision , a needle or small scalpel is inserted to run parallel to the skin’s surface. Once these bands have been released, the skin’s surface lifts, smoothing the skin surface’s appearance. This procedure is invasive, requires local anesthesia, and is more costly than the microneedle or laser treatment.
How Much Do Dermatologists Charge For Acne Treatment
Topical acne gels and creams typically cost between $36-$336 a year, oral acne medications cost between $72.53-$1,304.09 for a normal prescription cycle and cost between $167-$2,509 for common acne procedures. There is also an additional cost for visiting the dermatologist, which on average, is around $221.
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What Is The Most Effective Treatment For Adult Acne
If you have adult acne and are struggling to find an effective treatment, dont lose hope! Dr. Lingam told us, There are many treatment options for adult acne. Many of these treatments overlap with treatment of teenage acne.
At the Center for Surgical Dermatology, our adult acne treatments include one or a combination of the following:
- Over the counter washes with benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid
- Topical and oral antibiotics
- Oral contraceptives
- Blue and red light therapy
- Intralesional steroid injections to cystic or nodular lesions
Blue and right light therapy is effective at destroying the bacteria that causes acne. However, we do not currently offer this at the Center for Surgical Dermatology but are happy to recommend an exceptional dermatology clinic in Central Ohio that does.
If you have any additional questions about our adult acne treatments, contact the team!
Use Topical Bacne Spot Treatments
Just like treating large or painful pimples that pop up on the face, spot treatment can be extremely beneficial to get rid of back acne. There are numerous acne spot treatments available over the counter and by prescription. Some spot treatment products are even available in sprays to make application easier on any part of the body.
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Treating Skin After Acne Has Cleared
Your skin may have dark spots and scars once the acne has been cleared. We recommend booking a Skincare Consultation with one of our Aestheticians to discuss your options to getting clear, glowing skin back. Some available treatments are: DiamondGlow Facial, Laser Treatments, and SkinPen to name a few.
Apply A Topical Tea Tree Oil
Touted for its antiseptic, antifungal properties, tea tree oil is an effective treatment for fungal acne. Dilute one to two drops of tea tree oil with 12 drops of a carrier oil and apply topically . Since some with sensitive skin have experienced an allergic reaction to those with sensitive skin, it’s best to do a patch test before applying the concoction all over the affected area.
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You’ve Never Been Diagnosed With Acne Before
If you suddenly begin to break out in red bumps on the face, upper chest, back, or elsewhere, and you have never before been diagnosed with acne, you should see your doctor.
Some other conditions, such as rosacea and folliculitis, look very similar to acne.
So, if you aren’t sure what you have is positively acne vulgaris, it’s a good idea to be evaluated by a professional.
Any Time Is A Good Time To Visit The Dermatologist
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Acne is a rite of passage for most teenagers. During puberty, hormones called androgens stimulate the oily sebum production on the skin, which can clog pores. Genetics, cosmetics, and some medications can also worsen teen acne. Teens are especially prone to self-esteem issues due to whiteheads, blackheads, and cysts. Visiting a dermatologist for any severity of acne is a smart choice.
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The Acne Is Leaving Scars
Are acne blemishes leaving scars or pits on your teen’s skin? Get your kid to a dermatologist ASAP. Those teen acne breakouts won’t last forever but acne scars will. Scars are much harder to treat than acne, too.
While severe, inflammatory acne is more likely to cause scarring, even mild blemishes can leave scars. Some people are just more prone to developing acne scars than others.
When To Contact Your Gp
As mentioned above, there are different types of acne and your doctor will be able to tell you which type you have. Acne is often graded as mild, moderate, moderate/severe and severe.
Even mild cases of acne can cause distress and unhappiness. It is important to visit your GP to receive appropriate advice about treatment, especially before purchasing often-expensive over-the-counter products that may not be suited to your individual symptoms.
Visiting a doctor will provide reassurance about how common acne actually is, an impartial opinion about how severe your symptoms are, and what kind of skin care may help you.
People frequently think that they will grow out of acne, but unfortunately for some people, it can continue for years and if left untreated may lead to scarring. If you have a diagnosis of acne and would like guidance about an aspect of your care, contact the ISF Helpline here.
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Maintain A Healthy Diet & Stay Hydrated
Eating nutritious foods and staying hydrated improves overall health, which in turn improves skin health. In addition to generally improved health and wellbeing, certain foods that contain probiotics , help keep skin healthy by encouraging faster cell turnover and boosting immune response. Other nutrient-rich foods like lean proteins, vegetables, and whole grains will help to maintain the overall health and function of the body. Conversely, eating unhealthy foods can cause a spike in blood sugar, which is linked to inflammation, oil production, and other factors that contribute to breakouts. In addition to eating the right foods, staying hydrated is essential to skin and whole-body health. Drinking enough water makes it easier for skin to stay hydrated and it flushes toxins out of the body, keeping you healthier.
What Can A Dermatologist Do For Acne
If you do not treat the acne soon, it shall leave permanent scars and dark spots on your skin. The acne occurs when the oil from the gland forms a plug getting mixed with the hair follicle and the dead cells of the skin. The bacterium thrives on it and forms whiteheads, blackheads and pimples. The swelling follows soon. If acne is not treated, the affected area of the skin will not look the same as before which may bring down your self-esteem. Hence it is crucial to consult a dermatologist for acne treatment.
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Fractional Microneedle Radiofrequency For Acne Scars
Fractional Microneedle Radiofrequency is one of the most effective, non-surgical treatments currently available to treat depressed acne scars. This treatment combines two highly effective skin rejuvenation treatmentsmicro-needling and radiofrequencyfor even greater efficacy with minimal downtime and side effects. It works by inserting very thin, ultrasharp, gold-plated needles into the skin’s dermis . Once the needles reach a certain skin depth , they produce mild heat , which stimulates new collagen production, ultimately filling out depressed scars. With minimal side effects , patients can go back to school or work as early as the next day with no noticeable treatment signs.
What Are The Best Treatment Creams For People With Scars
Retinoids, derivatives of vitamin A, are known to exfoliate and remove the dead skin cells from the top layer of the skin and increase the cell turnover in the epidermis. Using retinoids can also help slow the loss of collagen fiber and promote new collagen production in the dermis, increasing the skin’s strength and elasticity. Bonus, retinoids can also make your epidermis thicker, which improves skin texture.
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What Are The Main Causes Of Adult Acne
As Dr. Lingam says, the main causes of acne are excess oil production, abnormal exfoliation of skin cells, overgrowth of bacteria, and inflammation.
However, Dr. Lingam also mentioned there are other factors that influence the development of acne. These include genetics, hormonal fluctuations, high levels of stress, certain pore-clogging skin care products, and medications. Additionally, there may be some evidence that certain foods such as skim milk and diets high in sugar cause acne, but this remains controversial.
What Treatments Are Available
At Q Dermatology we aim to tailor an individualised approach for you. Your best treatment will often depend on your age, gender, triggers and causes of your acne. Our dermatologists offer specialist treatments and are experts in all the options. We can advise on a combination including:
- Skin care advice
- Topical alpha and beta hydroxy acids
- Chemical peels, microdermabrasion and extractions
- Fractionated laser, IPL, light based therapies
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Acne Treatment By Dermatologists:
There are many types of acne treatments offered for different age groups suggested by dermatologists. A dermatologist will treat your acne according to your skin type. You should see a dermatologist only when you find your skincare routine shows zero results and did not help at all in worsening your acne. If you find out that your skin is getting highly prone to acne, do visit a dermatologist. Search for various public health programs to look up dermatologists. A skin doctor can also help you in the following ways:
- They can help minimize scarring caused by acne.
- They can recommend products to prevent future breakouts
Your skin doctor will suggest various types of treatments depending upon your acne issue. Always choose a dermatologist who guides you and informs you about every pro and con associated with the treatment on your skin and its effects on your acne. Before proceeding with any treatment, your dermatologist suggests, do some self research on it. Do lookup the benefits and risks of every treatment your doctor recommends to you. A dermatologist can treat your skin and help you in many ways.
Start With A Cleanser That Contains Salicylic Acid
“Think of your cleanser not as a true wash, but rather as a short-contact therapy,” Zeichner suggests. For this reason, he typically recommends that patients with cystic acne use cleansers that contain high concentrations of salicylic acid, a beta hydroxy acid that helps shrink cystic pimples by removing excess oil, sloughing off dead skin cells, and drying them out.
Typically, salicylic acid concentrations range between 0.5 to two percent, and if you’re prone to cystic acne, Zeichner recommends looking for a cleanser that leans toward a higher concentration. A couple of great 1.5- to 2-percent salicylic acid-based cleansers include La Roche-Posay Effaclar Medicated Acne Face Wash and Murad Clarifying Cleanser.
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Acne Treatment For Teenagers
If the patient is a young teenager, they may want medical care along with facials that involve chemical peels. Some people prefer to not use medication, so a facial with peels could be a better route.
Some situations can involve diet and foods that negatively impact the body and skin. The products being used, such as face washes, moisturizers, and certain kinds of makeup can also cause skin irritation or acne. Your Skin Care Provider can help you address any outside factors during a consultation.
If theres concern about acne scarring, a prescribed medication like Accutane may be recommended.
Raised Acne Scars: Treatment Can Ease Pain Diminish Scars
Other treatments that a dermatologist may use to treat raised acne scars follow.
InjectionsYour dermatologist may recommend injecting medicine directly into the scars. This can soften and flatten raised, thick scars.
Getting the best results often requires repeat visits. These injections are usually given once every few weeks. How often you will need to return for treatment depends on the scar and many other considerations. You may need to return once every two to six weeks for a while.
Many patients receive injections of corticosteroids. A chemotherapy medicine known as fluorouracil can also be effective in treating raised acne scars. Some scars respond best when injections of both 5-FU and corticosteroids are used.
Interferon, which is also used to treat cancer, can be effective. Our bodies naturally produce interferon.
If the scar does not respond after you receive the 4th injection, acne scar surgery may be recommended.
Best for: Painful, raised scars
Acne scar surgeryDermatologists perform acne scar surgery to reduce raised acne scars. This surgery can be performed in a dermatologists office.
To obtain the best results, acne scar surgery is often followed by another treatment.
Acne scar surgery, followed by radiationStudies show that radiation can prevent raised scars from returning after acne scar surgery. Due to the potential for radiation treatments to cause problems years or decades later, some doctors do not recommend radiation treatment.
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Potential Acne Triggers Can Include:
- Hormonal changes during puberty, menstrual periods and pregnancy. Starting or stopping the contraceptive pill can sometimes also trigger acne.
- Certain medications given for other conditions e.g. oral steroids, some anti-epilepsy treatments.
- Greasy or oily cosmetics and some hair products.
- Medical conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome .
What Skincare Helps Acne
The propaganda surrounding skin products can be misleading and often makes ambiguous claims to fix acne, leading to confusion about whats best for your skin.
Using the right skin care products can improve your skin health and in turn assist your acne. The truth is, acne is a medical skin condition. We suggest you seek specialist, professional advice from your dermatologist about which skin care products would suit your skins needs.
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Get A Cortisone Injection
A cortisone shot involves injecting a low-dose steroid directly into your zit to drastically decrease the pain and inflammation within a few days, says Dr. Marchbein. Itll still take a few days to a week for the cyst to resolve itself completely, and if its monstrous, you might want another injection a few weeks later. It sounds intense and painful, but as someone who has had a dozen zits injected in my life with zero issues, I can assure you its really, truly not a big dealit takes about three seconds , and its usually covered by insurance, so its cheap.
The only potential side effect? Denting. Accidentally injecting too much cortisone can leave a slight depression where your zit used to be, but 1) its rare, especially if its being administered by a board-certified dermatologistwhich, um, is the only person you should be allowing to do it, 2) your derm can fix it fast with a bit of saline solution, and 3) your body usually fills out the dent on its own after a few months anyways.
What Are The Best Treatments For Hyperpigmentation
While the acne scar treatment list above can also help with dark spots and hyperpigmentation, they are usually unnecessarily invasive and costly for those most worried about dark spots and less about textured scars.
The gold standard prescription formula for the treatment of hyperpigmentation is the Kligman formula, which includes hydroquinone hydrocortisone, , and retinoid .
While this formula has been the #1 dark spot treatment for decades, it does have its drawbacks. Due to the high % of hydroquinone in the formula, it can result in the skin’s darkening. Also, due to the inclusion of hydrocortisone, it is not suitable for long-term use. Finally, as a prescription product, it requires a dermatologist visit, which can be cost-prohibitive and difficult.
That’s why we created the MDacne Dark Spot Remover, which contains both hydroquinone, retinoids, and hydroxy acids combined with plant-based botanicals making it an excellent treatment for post-acne hyperpigmentation. However, like most other topical treatments, it will not have much of an effect on true acne scars.
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Should You Schedule A Dermatology Appointment For Acne
Acne is an issue everyone deals with from time to time, and sometimes dermatological treatment is the best way to get rid of stubborn or persistent acne. Cystic acne is a common example of a type of acne that often requires the help of a medical professional for its recurring nature and ability to worsen over time. Also, products that are purchased over-the-counter made for treating acne may actually make your skin and acne problems worse. This is another reason why visiting a dermatologist is a good move, because your skin is unique and what works for one person may actually hinder you.
One way to make sure your dermatologist will give you the best treatment for your skin is making sure they are reputable. This means doing some research online of their credentials, patient reviews, and checking to see if they are partnered with the American Academy of Dermatology, a prestigious membership that the best dermatologists in the nation are a part of.