What Are The Types Of Acne Scars And What Do They Look Like
If you have acne scarring, youre likely to have more than one of the following types. Rarely does someone have just boxcar scars, or just keloid scars, etc. Each of these can be treated with varying degrees of success.
Atrophic or Depressed Scarring:
- Ice pick: An ice pick tool has a wide shaft that narrows down to the tip. This type of acne scar resembles the tool in that its a hole thats wide at the top and narrows to a point as it goes deeper into the skin. Such an indentation is common and also one of the most challenging scars to heal. Youll find them on your forehead and upper cheeks, where your skin is thinner.
- Rolling: These scars are typically found on the lower cheeks and jaw, where your skin is thicker. The indents have sloping edges that makes the skin look uneven and wavy.
- Boxcar: Boxcar scars are indents that have sharper edges. Those edges go down deep into the skin. These scars are common on the lower checks and jaw.
Hypertrophic or keloid scars: These lesions of scar tissue rise off the skin. Theyre caused when fibrous tissues, the collagen, in the region of the skin overgrow. These scars are usually found on the chest, back and shoulders and jaw line and can be itchy, tender or painful.
Time To Break Up With Your Cover
Stocksy / Design by Camden Dechert
Ive been really lucky when it comes to breakouts. Ive written about them, Ive had a few pop up from time to time, and Ive recommended products to zap them, but Ive never suffered from the frustrating woes of teenage or adult acne. That being said, something recently changed. Perhaps its because Ive recently ascended into my late-20s , but now, whenever I break out, no matter how small or inconsequential the actual pimple is, it leaves behind a red mark long after it clears up. It is so annoying. How are acne scars and discoloration problems only just starting to plague me now? Arent these years supposed to be zit-free?
Thats why I spoke with experts to get their opinions on why this is happening and advice for how to make it stop. Like, immediately.
Meet the Expert
- Renée Rouleau is a celebrity esthetician and the founder of Renée Rouleau Skin Care.
- Carl Thornfeldt, MD, is a dermatologist at CT Derm in Fruitland, Idaho.
Keep reading for their sage guidance on how to reduce redness from acne.
Stop Acne Before It Develops
Preventing breakouts before they show up is one of the best ways to prevent acne scars. If the acne products youre using arent working and you feel like youve tried everything, book an appointment to see your dermatologist. Theyll help you craft a results-driven routine that will help control your current breakouts while preventing future ones.
Also Check: What Are Ways To Get Rid Of Acne
Book Microdermabrasion With A Professional
In the salon, acne scars and hyperpigmentation benefit from microdermabrasion, Vargas explains. I use a diamond peelthere are diamonds in the tip of the wand that I use. Its adjustable for your skin type, even if you have super sensitive skin. Regular exfoliation is key to getting more even skin tone and even surface. We do something called a Power Peel which is a fruit acid peel/LED light combo that really helps with scars over time.
How To Get Rid Of Acne Scars
- Post author:Carolina Arey
- Post published:July 1, 2022
Acne scars can be very difficult to get rid of, but there are a few things you can do to help fade them. First, its important to understand that there are two types of scars: raised and sunken. Raised scars are easier to treat, while sunken scars can be more difficult.There are a few things you can do at home to help fade your scars. One popular method is to use a product with retinol, which can help to speed up cell turnover and help to fade scars. You can also try using a Vitamin C serum, which can help to brighten skin and improve collagen production. There are also a number of at-home microdermabrasion kits that can help to exfoliate the skin and reduce the appearance of scars. If youre looking for more aggressive treatment, there are a number of options available from your dermatologist. These include laser treatments, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion. If you have deep, sunken scars, you may need to get injectable fillers to help raise them to the surface of the skin. No matter what treatment you choose, its important to be patient it can often take several months to see results. But with a little patience and perseverance, you can help fade those acne scars and restore your confidence.
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Subcision For Pimple Scars
This procedure is also called a subcutaneous incision. Subcision involves using a surgical probe or needle to separate skin and pimple scar tissue. This treatment causes your skin to raise. It flattens depressed scars.â
The results of this treatment are almost immediate with slight bruising for 1 to 2 weeks. Follow-ups such as laser treatments can be used to relieve any leftover discoloration from scars.
Cryosurgery For Acne Scars
This treatment involves freezing your pimple scar tissue. The extreme cold causes the tissue to die and fall off. Cryosurgery may be supplemented with steroid injections to improve treatment results.
Cryosurgery is riskier for people with darker skin. The treatment will often lighten the skin tone of the treated area.
Also Check: How To Treat Severe Acne On Face
Different Types Of Acne
Scars from acne can seem like double punishment first you had to deal with the pimples, now you have marks as a reminder.
Acne lesions happen when the hair follicles on the skin become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. A plugged follicle is the perfect place for bacteria to grow and create the red bumps and pus-filled red bumps known as pimples.
Acne comes in different forms:
- mild acne: this causes the whiteheads or blackheads that most of us get at some point
- moderate acne: this can cause red, inflamed pimples and red pimples with white centers
- severe acne: this causes painful, pus-filled cysts or lumps under the skin
Most serious scarring is caused by the more severe forms of acne, with nodules more likely to leave permanent scars than other types of acne.
The best approach is to get treatment for acne soon after it appears to prevent further severe acne and more scarring. If you have nodules, see your doctor or dermatologist for treatment.
How Does Acne Cause Scars
Your skin is your largest organ. It has three main layers. They are, starting with the outermost, the epidermis, the dermis and the hypodermis. The layers protect your fragile insides from the elements, from UV rays and bacteria, and they also help produce vitamin D thanks to sunlight. Any area with sebaceous glands is prone to acne especially the face, back and chest.
Acne scars are the result of inflammation of acne blemishes. The acne pore swells and a breakdown occurs in the wall of the pore. Some acne blemishes are small and the scars created are shallow and heal quickly. Sometimes the contents of blemishes spill into the surrounding tissue and cause deeper scars. The skins response is to repair the scar by forming new collagen fibers.
Acne scars take on two main forms: either a scar develops when there is a loss of tissue, resulting in an indentation in the surface of the skin or, a scar develops that is raised on the surface of the skin. This type of acne scar, in fact, is a sign that your skin is doing its job but, perhaps, too well. Your skin creates collagen to help heal the wound the acne but, if it makes too much collagen, raised scars form.
Keep in mind that just because you have acne, that doesnt mean youll get scars. And if you do , the good news is that not all acne scars are permanent! Treatments are available. Some treatments nearly remove the scars while others help the skin heal itself with its own collagen.
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For Icepick Scars Try Dermal Fillers Or Subcision Surgery
When youre working with ultra-deep acne scars, Green and Vargas agree that fillers are the best choice for diminishing their appearance and creating an even complexion.
Juvederm is a hyaluronic acid-based dermal filler which can be used to treat depressed acne scars such as icepick scars and boxcar scars, Green says, noting that since hyaluronic acid is a substance that is naturally found in the body, there is no downtime and patients see an immediate improvement thanks to the way the formula promotes collagen regrowth.
If, however, fillers dont effectively diminish the appearance of your icepick scars, Green says to turn your attention towards subcision surgery. The procedure is performed by inserting an 18-gauge needle at an acute angle adjacent to the scar with the bevel upwards and parallel to the surface of the skin, she explains. Using a fanning motion horizontally, the fibrous bands are severed. As this occurs, blood containing collagen and elastin fibers rushes into the depressed scar replacing some of the lost collagen. For best results, she says that you should repeat the subcision process monthly in conjunction with lasers until the scarring fully disappears.
Natural Remedies To Get Rid Of Acne Scars At Home
How to get rid of acne scars at home? Acne is a common problem for many people, especially teenagers and women. Because the rapid hormonal changes will promote oil glands to produce more oil than normal, when the follicle or skin pores get clogged with excess oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells, acne may occur on the skin.
If left untreated, an inflamed lesion, such as a papule, pustule, or cyst, will cause skin irritation and swelling. When the inflammation harms the tissue underneath the skin, you may notice an ugly acne scar or pimple marks on the skin. This is a sign that your skin has been significantly damaged by acne.
Acne scars are usually dark red or purple, and the affected areas can be uneven and firm. However, if the body produces too little collagen, you will find depressed acne scars or pits on the face. If the body produces too much collagen, you will find a raised acne scar which usually appears on the back and chest. This type of scar is more common among African-Americans, Hispanics, and Asians.
In most cases, the ugly scars will go away on their own. However, sometimes it may need several months to years before it can completely disappear. This article discusses 16 natural remedies to get rid of acne scars at home.
Also Check: How To Treat Dry Skin With Acne
What Causes Acne Scars
Inflammatory acne can cause painful, swollen, red, and deep skin lesions that damage the skin and underlying collagen. As these lesions heal, the body produces collagen. Too much or too little collagen production results in acne scars that dont look like the surrounding skin.
A few factors can increase the risk of scarring, including:
- delaying treatment for inflammatory acne
- picking or popping acne
- severity of the acne, which usually correlates to the amount of scarring a person will experience
Hyperpigmentation is a darkened patch where skin has healed. It occurs when inflammatory acne increases the amount of melanin in skin. This pigment gives skin its color. Dark spots usually affect people with darker skin.
Acne Scarring: The 6 Best Treatments
Even after you’ve gotten rid of a stubborn pimple, you may be left with an unpleasant reminder in the form of a scar. These scars form when the dermis is damaged, typically from picking at or popping a zit. Acne scars may not be as physically irritating as acne itself, but they can reduce ones confidence and linger for years. Its important to find the best treatment to get rid of those pesky pigmentations as quickly as possible.
Just as there are several effective treatments for acne, there are a number of ways to get rid of acne scars. We wont list every single method, brand, or product here, but we will go over the 6 best treatments for acne scarring.
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How To Use It
Its important to note that applying apple cider vinegar to your skin can cause burns and irritation. If you choose to try it, use it in small amounts and dilute it with water.
The organic acids in apple cider vinegar may help kill acne-causing bacteria and reduce the appearance of scars. Applying it to the skin may cause burns or irritation, so it should be used carefully.
Zinc is an essential nutrient thats important for cell growth, hormone production, metabolism, and immune function.
Its relatively well studied compared with other natural treatments for acne.
Research indicates that people with acne tend to have lower levels of zinc in their blood than those with clear skin .
Several studies have also shown that taking zinc orally may help reduce acne.
For example, a 2014 review found that zinc is more effective at treating severe and inflammatory acne than treating moderate acne .
The optimal dosage of zinc for acne has not been established, but several older studies have observed a significant reduction in acne using 3045 mg of elemental zinc per day .
Elemental zinc refers to the amount of zinc thats present in the compound. Zinc is available in many forms, and they contain varying amounts of elemental zinc.
What Are Pitted Acne Scars
Pitted acne scars are a name given to acne scars that are characterized by a hollow, indented impression in the skin. This concave appearance is due to a sudden loss of collagen. Unlike hypertrophic scars , which result from an overproduction of collagen, pitted acne scars result from the damage and inflammation of deep breakouts, which create a small pit-like structure on the facehence the name.
According to Camp, pitted acne scars are often categorized based on their appearance, within three common types: boxcar scars, ice pick scars, and rolling scars.
- Boxcar scars: “Boxcar scars are broad and have sharp, well-defined edges. A good example is a chicken-pox scar,” says Camp.
- Ice pick scars:”Ice pick scars are small, narrow, and deep. Because they are deep, they tend to be difficult to treat,” Camp explains.
- Rolling scars:”Rolling scars are similar to boxcar scars but have smooth, undulating edges that make the skin surface look uneven. They tend to be more shallow,” he says.
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Things Your Skin Is Trying To Tell You And How To Respond
Fillers A substance such as collagen, hyaluronic acid, or fat can be used to “fill out” certain types of acne scars. Since fillers are eventually absorbed into your skin, youll have to repeat filler injections, usually every few months, depending on the substance used.
Punch excisions This type of skin surgery removes acne scars by individually excising, or cutting out, the scar. The hole left by the incision can be repaired with stitches or a skin graft. A skin graft uses a small piece of normal skin to fill in an area of scarred skin. Bruising can occur for one to two weeks after the procedure.
Microneedling Also called collagen induction therapy, this procedure involves pricking the skin repeatedly with tiny needles to stimulate the growth of new collagen. This can reduce the appearance of scars. Microneedling can improve the appearance of wrinkles, stretch marks, and fine lines. Skin redness may last a few days, according to the AAD.
How To Use Bio
For best results when using Bio-Oil Skincare Oil:
- Massage the oil into the skin using a gentle circular motion
- Apply the oil twice a day
- Apply for a minimum of 3 months
- Apply all over the body, including the face
- Do not apply the oil to broken skin or an open wound.
Bio-Oil Skincare Oil
The only product that faded my scars
I tried so many products but this is the only one that managed to fade scars I received when I was a child. It got rid of the purple colouration and Im so happy! I definitely recommend this product. I also have it used whenever I get a remedial massage done.
Improves stretch marks
Bio-Oil is a cool oil that helps to reduce scars and stretch marks. I used on my stomach and noticed results. Its smooth to apply and not greasy. It rubs and absorbs into the skin well. It contains a combination of plant extracts and vitamins. Start seeing results within weeks.
The Bio-Oil Skincare Oil formulation is a combination of plant extracts and vitamins suspended in an oil base. It contains the breakthrough ingredient PurCellin Oil®, which changes the formulations overall consistency, making it light and non-greasy, ensuring that the vitamins and plant extracts are easily absorbed.
Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract Lavandula Angustifolia Oil Rosmarinus Officinalis Leaf Oil Anthemis Nobilis Flower Oil Glycine Soja Oil
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How Do You Get Rid Of Severe Acne Scars
The most effective treatments to get rid of severe acne scars include
- Chemical peels: This involves the use of strong chemicals to remove the outer layer of the skin and reduce the appearance of scars. Some salicylic acid, glycolic acid containing peels are available OTC.
- Botox injections: These are highly effective for acne scars with puckered skin around them. These puckered areas can be treated with botulinum toxin injections to improve the appearance of skin.
- Dermabrasion: The procedure involves the removal of the top, damaged layer of skin with a rapidly rotating wire brush or wheel with a rough surface. The procedure deeply exfoliates the top layer of skin to reduce the appearance of deeper scars.
- Microneedling: This uses a small, handheld pen or needle-studded roller to puncture the skin on the surface of the scars. As the punctured skin heals, it makes collagen and reduces the visibility of acne scars by smoothing out the skin.
- Laser resurfacing: The procedure involves removing the top layer of skin to reveal younger underlying skin cells to reduce the appearance of scars. It creates a more even skin surface.
Speak with a dermatologist to determine the best treatment for your acne scars.