The Ordinary Ascorbic Acid 8% + Alpha Arbutin 2%
The Ordinary Ascorbic Acid 8% + Alpha Arbutin 2% is a water-free, stable solution of 8% ascorbic acid and 2% alpha arbutin. This serum is a one-two punch against hyperpigmentation and discoloration. Both ascorbic acid and alpha arbutin will work on discoloration from acne scars. You also get the anti-aging benefits that come along with pure vitamin C.
This serum is at a low enough concentration that it doesnt cause as much irritation as some other vitamin C serums. While this serum feels a bit oily upon initial application, it works well in a morning skincare routine, as it protects against free radicals from sunlight. Plus, it doesnt interfere with makeup.
If you have normal or non-sensitive skin, consider The Ordinary Vitamin C Suspension 23% + HA Spheres 2%, a water-free, silicone-free stable suspension of 23% ascorbic acid and dehydrated spheres of hyaluronic acid. It brightens, protects, hydrates, and plumps the skin.
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Potential Risks/side Effects Of Niacinamide
High levels of niacinamide can increase serum histamine levels, which may cause an allergic reaction for people prone to skin allergies . If youve had skin allergies in the past, talk to your healthcare provider before beginning a regimen of this B vitamin topically or orally.
But even if you dont suffer from skin allergies, you may experience some redness and irritation when you start using niacinamide products. Some of this may be normal and lessen over time, but lasting irritation may be a sign youre using too much or a product with too high of a concentration of niacinamide for your skin type. Talk to your dermatologist if you notice irritation as they may be able to clarify whats a normal transition period with your product and when you may need to consider a different product.
The 21 Best Niacinamide Serums Of 2021
Best Overall: Carrot & Stick the Repair Serum, $80Niacinamide is the hero ingredient in this ingredient-packed formula, which is why it tops our list. This high-performance serum is designed to visibly lift, tighten and firm as it helps defend against damaging free radicals. Hyaluronic acid and vitamin E deliver an instant boost of hydration. A blend of synthesized growth factors encourages elasticity, cell turnover, and nutrient absorption to support revitalization. Seven plant-based neuropeptides enhance the skins structural integrity from the inside out, promoting smoother, more resilient-looking skin. Soothing and brightening botanicals, including chamomile, licorice root, and green tea, impart an ageless glow.
Best Antioxidant-Packed: Formulyst Active Serum Vitamin B, C, E, Ferulic + Niacinamide, $80This formulation shields your skin from environmental assaults that age your skin.We discovered that pollution could contribute to significant aging and damage. We turned this insight into a new serum that safeguards your skin against damage. It contains a remarkable blend of Vitamin B, C, E, Ferulic, and Niacinamide. One drop contains a powerful antioxidant blend of antioxidants and vitamins, with the highest concentration of pure vitamin C, B, and E, Ferulic Acid, and Niacinamide. It leaves your skin looking brighter, healthier, and more youthful.
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Niacinamide For Acne Scars
Unlike some other ingredients used to treat hyperpigmentation, niacinamide is very stable. It is not affected by light, moisture, and oxidizers . Typically, these things that cause other ingredients, such as vitamin c, to breakdown, become ineffective, and potentially irritate the skin.
Niacinamide treats hyperpigmentation by impeding the transfer of melanin to the skin surface. Another advantage that niacinamide has is that, unlike other skin lightening treatments for hyperpigmentation, it does not cause photosensitivity.
Niacinamide is likely not effective for pitted or raised scars, which are usually left by severe or cystic acne. Those types of scars typically need to be treated using lasers, fillers, peels, or other procedures traditionally performed in-office by a dermatologist or at a skin clinic.
Acne Marks Are Different Than Acne Scars And Require Different Treatment
Unlike acne scars, Dr. Lortscher said that acne marks are usually not permanent, and fade within six months to a year. But if you want to speed the healing process up, here are a few tips and products that he finds helpful:
According to Dr. Lortscher, azelaic acid can help reduce marks left by acne. “Azelaic acid works by lightening any dark spots left by acne scarring or sun exposure by slowing the production of melanin, and by blocking abnormal melanocytes pigment-producing cells that have gone haywire,” he said. Azelaic acid is only available through prescription, but you can easily get it through one of Curology’s custom prescription-grade formulas if it’s deemed necessary for your skin type.
“Niacinamide is a potent agent in minimizing dark spots and hyperpigmentation,” said Dr. Lortscher. “Niacinamide works by blocking the pigment from surfacing on the outer layer of skin. With the continuous application of niacinamide, dark spots will begin to fade from the reduction of pigment supply. You can get prescription-strength niacinamide in your Curology custom formulas or use lower concentrations over the counter.” One over the counter option Dr. Lortscher recommends is the fan-favoritePaula’s Choice 10% Niacinamide Booster.
Alpha hydroxy acids
Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more.
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Mineral Botanica Niacinamide Serum
Not only is it able to make your face brighter by evening out your skin tone, you can also rely on it as a way to get rid of acne and its scars. Its time to say goodbye to pimples and inflammation on the face!
Clean and glowing skin is no longer a dream for you. Enlarged pores will also be disguised, Ladies. Dark spots and fine lines that start to disappear can make your skin look younger and healthier.
What Does Azelaic Acid Do To Your Skin
Downie says that azelaic acid is also a tyrosinase inhibitor, meaning it can prevent hyperpigmentation because it interferes with melanin production. “It’s anti-inflammatory for the acne and it’s anti-pigment because it blocks tyrosinase. If you have a pimple and you’re prone to getting dark spots after your pimple, azelaic acid would be a perfect opportunity for you,” she says. Downie “strongly recommends” azelaic acid for hair bumps, pimples and overall evening of skin tone if you have dark patches on your skin. Caren Campbell, MD, a board-certified dermatologist in San Francisco, adds that azelaic acid is an antibacterial antioxidant that .
Paul Jarrod Frank, MD, cosmetic dermatologist and founder of the PFRANKMD, says azelaic acid is a more gentle exfoliant than other alpha hydroxy acids , including glycolic,lactic and mandelicacids. Frank doesnât recommend layering azelaic acid with Beta Hydroxy Acids like salicylic acid as both BHAs and AHAs will increase the chances of dryness and irritation. Zeichner adds: “Unlike other acids, azelaic acid does not make you sensitive to the sun.” However, he cautions against becoming lackadaisical about wearing sunscreen. “If you are using azelaic acid, you definitely should be religious about applying sunscreen. Even low levels of UV light can promote pigmentation and undo what you have accomplished with your azelaic acid,” explains Zeichner.
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Recommended For Rolling Acne Scars
The Ordinary Niacinamide + Zinc is one of the brands best selling products. It helps to lighten dark spots and balance out any uneven skin tone. It is excellent for acne prone skin since it is oil free and wont clog pores.
The product contains 10% pure Niacinamide which reduces the appearance of skin blemishes. When combined with Zinc, the two ingredients work together to clear out pores and control oil production.
Niacinamide hinders the effectiveness of Vitamin C, so if you are using this product be sure to use it at a different time to any Vitamin C serums. The Ordinary Niacinamide + Zinc is recommended as one of the best The Ordinary products for acne scars with skin discolouration.
I wrote a full review of The Ordinary Niacinamide 10% + Zinc 1% in my post on 7 Reasons Why You Need Niacinamide in your Skincare Routine. The Ordinary Niacinamide serum helps to minimise the appearance of blemishes and reduce cystic acne caused by pore congestion.
Can Niacinamide Be Used In Combination With Other Ingredients
Yes. Theres a misconception that niacinamide cant be mixed with vitamin C but its not true – they wont render each other less effective and actually form a powerhouse combo. Together, theyll leave skin looking more radiant, smoother, more even and noticeably younger-looking, says Paula.
Its also compatible with peptides, alpha hydroxy acids like glycolic acid, beta hydroxy acids like salicylic acid and antioxidants.
Niacinamide has a powerful hyperpigmentation-blitzing effect.
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Niacinamide Lowers And Regulates Sebum
Acneâs sworn enemy: excess sebum. Sebum is the waxy oil our facial pores secrete. However, sebum isnât all bad as having a proper amount of sebum is perfectly healthy for the hydration and protection of the skin. Overly oily skin might pose some issues though, especially if youâre acne-prone. While some products work to strip away excess sebum niacinamide helps reduce sebum production altogether.
âRegulate that excess sebum rather than harshly stripping it off.
What Are The Skin Benefits Of Topical Vitamin B3/niacinimide For Acne
Topical vitamin B3, or niacinamide, provide a number of different benefits for the skin including increasing elasticity, strengthening the skin barrier, evening skin tone and reducing inflammation.
More and more clinical studies are reporting the benefits of topical vitamin B3 for acne healing and skin regeneration. In fact, some studies claim that topical vitamin B3 could even be more effective than more established prescribed solutions such as antibiotics, retinoids, benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid! This is because topical vitamin B3 is highly effective, but unlike topical medications, it is very well tolerated by all skin types meaning theres no side effects such as increased skin sensitivity, dryness, redness or irritation. Plus, topical vitamin B3 does not lead to bacterial resistance like many other antibiotic-based acne treatments because it doesnt target the bacteria overgrowth. Instead, it targets the very first stage of acne and prevents pimples from developing in the first place.
Ever been frustrated because your latest prescription of antibiotics isnt working? This is because Propionibacterium acnes, the acne-causing bacterium, is becoming increasingly resistant to many topical and oral antibiotics.
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Niacinamide: Provides A Hydration Boost
Made from vitamin B3, using niacinamide is a popular way to boost hydration levels in the skin and bolster the production of collagen. These uses make niacinamide a great way to combat the effects of the aging process on the skin. Niacinamide is also useful in treating hyperpigmentation when used in conjunction with other treatments. Furthermore, the water-soluble vitamin also boosts the effectiveness of the skin’s natural barrier. Therefore helping to mitigate the harmful effects of the environment.
Who Should Stay Away From Azelaic Acid
Downie says some of her sensitive-skin patients have also experienced stinging, burning and hyperpigmentation, “which is not typical, but it can happen.” She notes that hyperpigmentation typically occurs when applying azelaic acid to thinner skin areas near the lips or eyes. Downie suggests that if “you are super sensitive and everything stings, burns and irritates your skin,” do a patch test before committing to azelaic acid. Start on the back of your arm and, if there’s no reaction, apply it to your neck and your face last.
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The Ordinary Vitamin C Suspension 23% + Ha Spheres 2%
Best for: Hyperpigmentation
This water-free vitamin C serum works to brighten overall skin tone and combat the signs of aging. Because it is free of water, the 30% pure L-ascorbic acid remains stable. The addition of the dehydrated spheres of hyaluronic acid smooths the surface of the skin, working to reduce the appearance of acne scarring. The product works best when applied at night, although you may use it during the morning as well. Some users report a slight tingling sensation during the first few weeks of use. If the tingling is bothersome, you can dilute the serum with your favorite face cream to negate the sensation. In brief, this vitamin C treatment is a good choice for people with mild hyperpigmentation.
What Exactly Is Niacinamide
Niacinamide, which is also called nicotinamide, is one of two major forms of vitamin B3 found in supplements . Its often touted to help manage acne, rosacea, pigmentation issues, and wrinkles. But is there any science behind those claims?
Scientists theorize that niacin may be effective because its a precursor to two super-important biochemical cofactors: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate . Both of these molecules are central to the chemical reactions that your cellsincluding skin cellsneed to repair damage, propagate, and function normally. Many of these essential reactions cant occur at all without NAD+, which your cells cant make without niacinamide.
By giving your body the precursor, the thought is that it allows your body to make more NAD+, John G. Zampella, M.D., assistant professor in the Ronald O. Perelman department of dermatology at NYU Langone Health, tells SELF. This fuels your cells to proliferate and also allows your body to absorb and neutralize more free radicals.
Essentially, free radicals are molecules that have either lost or gained an extra electron, which makes them unstable and highly reactive. In high enough doses, they can damage healthy cells. But NAD+courtesy of niacin contributes an extra electron to those unpaired free radicals so they can chill out and stop wreaking havoc all over the place.
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How Do Acne Scars Develop
Acne scars form as a result of your bodys response to acne. During an outbreak of acne, small lesions form on your skin as a result of oil and dead skin clogging the sebaceous glands inside your pores.
When the gland becomes clogged with oil and dead skin, a pimple can form. During a severe outbreak of cystic acne, bacteria can work its way into the pore, resulting in inflamed, red acne that can be painful and unpleasant.
Over time, your body will heal acne lesions on its own. During the healing process, one of two things can happen:
If your body produces excess collagen to create new skin over the acne lesions, it can produce a slight elevation in the new skin tissue, creating the bumpy, uneven look that most people associate with acne scarring.
If your acne is severe, it can cause some degree of tissue loss, which can cause depressions in your skin that are known as icepick scars or boxcar scars. Luckily, tretinoin for pitted acne scars is a thing, and we’ll look into it more below.
All in all, there are actually four different types of acne scars, each with a slightly different look and root cause:
Icepick scars tend to be deep and narrow, with the appearance of a needle or icepick indentation..
Boxcar scars are wide, pitted scars that are caused by tissue loss as a result of acne outbreaks.
Tretinoin Cream For Acne Scars: Does It Help
Medically reviewed by Patrick Carroll, MD
Dealing with acne can be a frustrating experience. Dealing with the aftermath of severe acnescarring, roughness and other skin imperfectionscan often be even harder.
Tretinoin is one of the most common and effective medications to help treat acne and the signs of aging. But did you know you can use tretinoin cream for acne scars, too?
Acne scarring occurs when severe pimples develop and heal, leaving behind healed skin that isnt as smooth as the original skin that formed prior to the acne outbreak.
If your skin has acne scarring, it may look bumpy, rough and uneven, even when theres no acne present.
According to statistics, approximately 50 million people in the United States have acne, People with acne scarring rarely view it as a positive. A detailed study into acne scarring shows that the vast majority of people view acne scars as a negative aspect of skin healtha problem that can affect everything from self-perceived attractiveness to overall self confidence.
In short, acne scars are a frustrating but very common side effect of acne. Theyre also an effect with lasting consequencesunlike acne, which is usually temporary, acne scarring can last for life if untreated.
Today, a large variety of treatments are available for acne scars, ranging from over-the-counter creams containing ingredients such as salicylic acid, to clinical procedures such as dermal fillers and.
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The Ordinary Lactic Acid 10% + Ha
If glycolic acid is too strong for your skin, The Ordinary Lactic Acid 10% + HA is another option to help speed up cellular turnover and exfoliate the skin to reduce discoloration and scarring from post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It contains 10% lactic acid to gently exfoliate and clarify the skin, even out skin tone, and reduce dullness.
Like The Ordinarys glycolic toner, this formula also contains a purified Tasmanian Pepperberry derivative that helps to reduce inflammation and sensitivity that often comes also with acid use. This serum should not be used by those who have sensitive, peeling or compromised skin.
Topical Vitamin B3/niacinimide Lightens Pigmentation And Evens Skin Tone
The red marks that you get after a breakout are the result of abnormally high levels or over stimulated melanocytes, which produce melanin the substance that gives our skin its colour. One 8 week study showed that 5% topical vitamin B3, or niacinamide, actually inhibited the transfer of melanin to the surrounding skin cells and epidermis by up to 68% this basically means that topical vitamin B3 blocked the build up of melanin in the surface of the skin. This clinical trial showed that pigment marks and age spots on the face were significantly reduced after 8 weeks of using topical vitamin B3.
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